Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Laser heterodyne spectroscopy (LHS) techniques with semiconductor laser local oscillators (LO) in the 3–30 μm range have the potential to measure radical gas species in the stratosphere. The goal of this experiment is to measure radical gases from Spacelab, including ClO, ClONO2, HO2, H2O2, N2O5, and HOCl in solar occulation with vertical resolution ≦2km and vertical range from 10 to 70 km. Sensitivity analyses have been performed on ClO and O3 to determine design criteria for the LHS instrument. Results show that O3 and ClO vertical profiles can be measured with an accuracy ≧95% and ≧80%, respectively, over the total profile. These accuracies require the LO to maintain the following characteristics: frequency stability (Δf w≦20 MHz), single-mode power (P LO≧500 μW), and minimum frequency drift (≦5 MHz). Laboratory heterodyne measurements performed with semiconductor lasers generated the same shot-noise photocurrent as CO2 lasers, for comparable single-mode power. “Excess-noise” regions were identified, but could be wavelength controlled by fine control of operating temperature and injection current. Doppler-shift effects and limited solar occultation measurement times due to Spacelab orbits should pose minimum mission constraints on the experiment.
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