Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1442-2042
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background: This double-blind, multicenter study compared the efficacy and tolerability of tolterodine (Pharmacia, Los Angeles, USA) with that of oxybutynin (Alza, Palo Alto, USA) in Asian patients with overactive bladder. Methods: Two-hundred-and-twenty-eight adults with overactive bladder symptoms were randomized to receive tolterodine 2 mg twice daily (bid) (n = 112) or oxybutynin 5 mg bid (n = 116). After 8 weeks’ treatment, changes in micturition diary variables, patients’ perception of treatment benefit, and tolerability endpoints were determined. Results: The mean (± SD) number of micturitions/24 h decreased by 2.6 ± 2.9 (−21%) with tolterodine and 1.8 ± 4.2 (−15%) with oxybutynin (both P = 0.0001 vs baseline). The mean number of incontinence episodes/24 h decreased by 2.2 ± 2.3 (−85%) in the tolterodine group and by 1.4 ± 1.8 (−58%) in the oxybutynin group (both P = 0.0001 vs baseline). Patient perception of treatment benefit was over 70% in each treatment group. Adverse events were significantly lower in the tolterodine group compared with oxybutynin-treated patients (55% vs 82%; P = 0.001). Dry mouth was reported by significantly fewer patients on tolterodine, compared with oxybutynin (35% vs 63%; P = 0.001) and withdrawals due to adverse events were lower in the tolterodine group than with those treated with oxybutynin (10% vs 16%). There were no safety concerns. Conclusions: Tolterodine 2 mg bid is equally or more effective than oxybutynin 5 mg bid in the treatment of Asian patients with overactive bladder, and shows significantly better tolerability. This may enhance compliance during long-term treatment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7330
    Keywords: microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration ; alloplastic spermatocele ; intracytoplasmic sperm injection ; congenital absence of the vas deferens ; unreconstructable obstructive azoospermia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Purpose: Our purpose was to test whether micromanipulation using subzonal insemination and intracytoplasmic sperm injection could improve the poor fertilization and pregnancy rates obtained when attempting in vitro fertilization in patients with congenital absence of the vas deferens and unreconstructable obstructive azoospermia with microsurgically retrieved epididymal spermatozoa. Results: Conventional in vitro fertilization (group A; 14 cycles), subzonal insemination (group B; 13 cycles), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (group C; 28 cycles) were carried out in 55 treatment cycles. Fertilization rates for groups A, B, and C were 16.1, 31.4, and 48.6%, respectively (P〈0.05). Clinical pregnancy rates for groups A, B, and C were 7.1, 7.7, and 32.1% (P〈0.05), respectively. In five cycles, intracytoplasmic sperm injection using epididymal sperm from alloplastic spermatoceles was performed and two clinical pregnancies (40%) were obtained. Conclusions: The combined microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration and intracytoplasmic sperm injection procedure is highly effective in improving the fertilization and pregnancy rate in congenital absence of the vas deferens and unreconstructable obstructive azoospermia. Furthermore, alloplastic spermatoceles may be useful for repeat sperm aspirations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...