Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Protein secretion by many Gram-negative bacteria occurs via the type II pathway involving translocation across the cytoplasmic and outer membranes in separate steps. The mechanism by which metabolic energy is supplied to the translocation across the outer membrane is unknown. Here we show that two Aeromonas hydrophila inner membrane proteins, ExeA and ExeB, are required for this process. ExeB bears sequence as well as topological similarity to TonB, a protein which opens gated ports for the inward translocation of ligands across the outer membrane. ExeA is a novel membrane protein which contains a consensus ATP-binding site. Mutations in this site dramatically decreased the rate of secretion of the toxin aerolysin from the cell. ExeB was stable when overproduced in the presence of ExeA, but was degraded when synthesized in its absence, indicating that the two proteins form a complex. These results suggest that ExeA and ExeB may act together to transduce metabolic energy to the opening of a secretion port in the outer membrane.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Extracellular ; Toxin ; Cloning ; Signal ; Localization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The structural gene for the hemolytic toxin aerolysin has been cloned into the plasmid vectors pBR322 and pEMBL8+. The gene was localized on the hybrid plasmids by analysis of plasmids generated by transposon mutagenesis. The sequence of the first 683 bases of an insert in pEMBL8+ was determined and shown to encode the amino terminus of the protein as well as a typical signal sequence of 23 amino acids. Aerolysin is produced by E. coli cells containing the cloned aerolysin gene and it is processed normally by removal of the signal sequence, however it is not released from the cell. The protein appears to be translocated across the inner membrane of E. coli as its signal sequence is removed and the processed protein can be released by osmotic shock.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Lysis protein ; Lipoprotein ; Globomycin ; Colicin ; Protein release
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Two plasmids that overproduce the colicin A lysis protein, Cal, are described. Plasmid AT1 was constructed by a deletion in the colicin A operon, which placed thecal gene near a truncatedcaa gene in such a way that both gene products were synthesized at high levels following induction. Plasmid Ck4 was constructed by insertion of thecal gene downstream from thetac promoter of an expression vector. Overproduction of Cal was obtained after mitomycin C induction of pAT1 cells and after IPTG induction of pCK4 cells. The kinetics of Cal synthesis were examined with [35S] methionine and [2-3H] glycerol inlpp orlpp + host strains. Each of the steps of the lipid modification and maturation pathway of Cal was demonstrated. The modified precursor form of overproduced Cal was not chased as efficiently as when it is produced in pColA cells. After treatment with globomycin, a significant amount of this modified precursor form accumulated and was degraded with time into smaller acylated proteins, but without release of the signal peptide. Release of cellular proteins and quasi-lysis were observed after about 1 hour of induction for cells containing either plasmid. In addition, in Cal-overproducing cells, the rate of quasi-lysis was increased but not its extent. InpldA cells, quasi-lysis was reduced but not abolished. Lethality of the Cal induction in the overproducing cells was in the same range as that in wild-type cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The Aeromonas hydrophila Tn5–751 insertion mutant L1.97 is unable to secrete extracellular proteins, and is fragile because of defective assembly of its outer membrane. A Kpnl 4.1 kb fragment, which complements this mutant when supplied with an exogenous promoter, was isolated and sequenced. It contains two complete genes, exeE and exeF, plus fragments of two others and may form part of an operon. The exeE and exef open reading frames encode 501-residue M, 55882 and 388-residue M, 43431 proteins, respectively. These genes were expressed in vitro and their initiation codons verified by deletion analysis. Tn5–751 had inserted near the centre of the exeE gene in the L1.97 strain. Subclones of the Kpnl 4.1 kb fragment which contained only the exeE gene fully complemented the mutation, indicating that its function is required both for extracellular secretion and outer membrane assembly. ExeE and ExeF are highly similar to other proteins which have been shown to be involved in extracellular secretion, suggesting that an additional export apparatus beyond that required for inner membrane translocation may be part of the physiology of many Gram-negative bacteria.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Aeromonas hydrophila secretes protein toxins via the type II pathway, involving the products of at least two operons, exeAB (gspAB) and exeC-N (gspC-N). In the studies reported here, aerolysin secretion was restored to C5.84, an exeA::Tn5–751 mutant, by overexpression of exeD alone in trans. Expression studies indicated that these results did not reflect a role of ExeAB in the regulation of the exeC-N operon. Instead, immunoblot analysis showed that ExeD did not multimerize in C5.84, and fractionation of the membranes showed that the monomeric ExeD remained in the inner membrane. Expression of ExeAB, but not either protein alone, from a plasmid in C5.84 resulted in increases in the amount of multimeric ExeD, which correlated with increases in aerolysin secretion. Pulse-chase analysis also sug-gested that the induction of ExeAB allowed multimerization of previously accumulated monomer ExeD. In C5.84 cells overproducing ExeD, it multimerized even in the absence of ExeAB and, although most remained in the inner membrane, an amount similar to that in wild-type outer membranes fractionated with the outer membrane of the overproducing cells. These results indicate that the secretion defect of exeAB mutants is a result of an inability to assemble the ExeD secretin in the outer membrane. The localization and multimerization of overproduced ExeD in these mutants further suggests that the ExeAB complex plays either a direct or indirect role in the transport of ExeD into the outer membrane.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Aerolysin is a dimeric protein secreted by Aeromonas spp. that binds to glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored receptors on target cells and becomes insertion competent by oligomerizing. The protein comprises two lobes joined by a short arm. The large lobe is thought to be responsible for channel formation, whereas the small lobe is believed to stabilize the dimer, and it may also contain the receptor binding site. We cloned and expressed the DNA for both lobes of the toxin separately and together in A. salmonicida. The large lobe produced alone was secreted, although more poorly than native protein. The small lobe with the arm produced by itself was not secreted. When the large lobe without the arm was co-produced with the small lobe with the arm, both were secreted, and they co-purified as a stoichiometric complex. Analytical ultracentrifugation showed that they form a heterotetramer corresponding to the native dimer. The purified product was nearly as active as aerolysin, but lost activity and became trypsin sensitive above 25°C. The large lobe with the arm was also purified. It was shown to be monomeric, confirming that the small lobe is responsible for dimer stabilization. The large lobe had very low channel-forming activity, although it was correctly processed by trypsin, and it could form stable oligomers. Surprisingly, the large lobe was found to bind to several glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins, indicating that it contains at least part of the receptor-binding domain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The energy-dependent secretion of aerolysin by Aeromonas hydrophila requires the ExeA and ExeB proteins. An 85 kDa complex containing the two proteins was identified in wild-type cells but not in cells producing either protein alone. Radiolabelling followed by cross-linking, immunoprecipitation and then reduction of the cross-links confirmed the presence of the two proteins in the same complex. The complex could also be extracted intact from cell membranes with non-ionic detergents. A G229D substitution in the kinase-3a motif of ExeA strongly reduced the level of aerolysin secretion, as did the replacement of the invariant Lys of the kinase-1a motif (K56) with Arg. The G229D mutant contained very little of the ExeA–ExeB complex, but overexpression of the mutant complex until wild-type levels were achieved allowed normal secretion. In contrast, the K56R mutation had no effect on complex formation, but normal secretion levels occurred only when there was a far greater amount of the complex present. These results are consistent with a model in which binding of ATP by ExeA is required for ExeA–ExeB complex formation, while hydrolysis is required for its function in secretion once established.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Biochemistry 21 (1982), S. 1662-1667 
    ISSN: 1520-4995
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...