Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
A calculation method for the secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) analysis of the reaction of a pure metal with gas mixtures of water and oxygen is introduced. Equation systems are to be solved, each expressed as: Y = A × X, where Y is an amplitude column measured from the SIMS spectrum, A is a matrix constructed from the relative abundances of isotopes of the metal and X is an unknown amplitude column of the relevant species MeaOHb±(a = 1, 2; b = 0, 1, 2 and 3). The applicability of the calculation method has been tested in SIMS analysis of ex situ-grown iron oxides with different and known 18O contents. In in situ oxidation, measurement of the ratio of H216O/H218O in the metal-water-oxygen reaction allows fractions of O in the species MeaOHb+ that originate from water to be calculated. Data from such calculations have been used to study the initial stage of the reaction of Fe and Cr in H216O/H218O/16O2 gas mixtures. The results are interpreted in terms of coupled/uncoupled reaction type, reactivity of metal to water relative to oxygen in the mixed gas and degree of dissociation of water.
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