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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Keywords Neuropeptide Y ; Y1 receptor ; insulin secretion ; insulinoma cells.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been shown to inhibit insulin secretion from the islets of Langerhans. We show that insulin secretion in the insulinoma cell line RIN 5AH is inhibited by NPY. 125I-Peptide YY (PYY) saturation and competition-binding studies using NPY fragments and analogues on membranes prepared from this cell line show the presence of a single class of NPY receptor with a Y1 receptor subtype-like profile. Inhibition of insulin secretion in this cell line by NPY fragments and analogues also shows a Y1 receptor-like profile. Both receptor binding and inhibition of insulin secretion showed the same orders of potency with NPY 〉 [Pro34]-NPY 〉 NPY 3–36 〉 〉 NPY 13–36. The Y1 receptor antagonist, BIBP 3226, blocks NPY inhibition of insulin secretion from, and inhibits 125I-PYY binding to, RIN 5AH cells. Northern blot analysis using a Y1-receptor specific probe shows that NPY Y1 receptors are expressed by RIN 5AH cells. Y5 receptors are not expressed in this cell line. Neuropeptide Y inhibition of insulin secretion is blocked by incubation with pertussis toxin, implying that the effect is via a G-protein (Gi or Go) coupled receptor. Neuropeptide Y inhibits the activation of adenylyl cyclase by isoprenaline in RIN 5AH cell lysates, and the stimulation of cAMP by glucagon-like peptide-1 (7–36) amide (GLP-1). It also blocks insulin secretion stimulated by GLP-1, but not by dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Hence, we suggest that NPY inhibits insulin secretion from RIN 5AH cells via a Y1 receptor linked through Gi to the inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. [Diabetologia (1998) 41: 1482–1491]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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