Key words Soybean
Glycine max (L) Merr.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Some of the transgenic soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] plants produced by bombarding embryogenic suspension cultures with DNA-coated particles exhibit morphological aberrations, including stunted plant growth, leathery dark green leaves and partialto-total seed sterility. In general, cultures from two Asgrow soybean lines (A2242, A2872) that were maintained for 8 months or longer produced primary transformants with reduced fertility. Cytological examination (mitotic pro-metaphase to metaphase chromosomes) of cells of suspension cultures, of roots from germinating somatic embryos, and of plants (R0 and R1) derived from A2242, revealed, besides diploidy (2n=40), various chromosomal aberrations such as deletions, duplications, trisomics and tetraploidy. Diploid transgenic plants with a normal karyotype from A2242 generally exhibited good fertility. No chromosomal abnormalities were observed in A2872-derived plants. However, plants regenerated from relatively old cultures of A2872 (more than 1 year in culture) showed a range of phenotypic abnormalities although they all contained 2n=40 chromosomes. These results indicate that soybean genotypes differ in their susceptibility to chromosomal instability induced by tissue culture. Therefore, chromosome analysis of cell cultures and the plants derived from them can help eliminate chromosomally and genetically abnormal material from gene-transfer experiments.
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