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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Current genetics 24 (1993), S. 181-183 
    ISSN: 1432-0983
    Keywords: Kluyveromyces marxianus ; Transformation ; Replicative vector
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Kluyveromyces marxianus can be transformed with an efficiency of 105 transformants/μg of DNA by a replicative plasmid using electroporation. In order to obtain this efficiency, we isolated ura- mutants cells which can be complemented by the URA3 gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The URA3 gene and KARS2, a replicative origin from Kluyveromyces lactis which functions in K. marxianus, were ligated together in a plasmid which can be used as a vector to transform this strain.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary In order to study the regulation of expression of the iso2-cytochrome c gene, we have constructed a fused gene between the 5′ flanking region of the gene coding for the yeast iso2-cytochrome c and the coding region of the E. coli beta-galactosidase lacZ gene. When introduced in yeast cells this hybrid gene is expressed and regulated like the production of iso2-cytochrome c: it is under the control of the general catabolic repression and of the unlinked trans-acting CYP1 gene whose CYP1-18 allele causes an overproduction of iso2-cytochrome c. The expression of hybrid genes whose upstream region has been progressively shortened or altered by internal deletions was studied either in wild-type CYP1 + cells or in cells carrying the CYP1-18 allele grown either on glucose or on glycerol. It appears that the expression and the regulation of the iso2-cytochrome c gene is controlled by an upstream regulatory site composed of a positive and a negative element. This site is the target of regulation by the CYP1 gene product and, directly or through this gene, of the control by the general catabolic repression.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: β-Glucosidase ; Kluyveromyces fragilis ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Upstream repressing sequence ; Gene expression
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The relationship between the promoter length of the Kluyveromyces fragilis β-glucosidase gene and the level of its expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied by gene fusion between deleted promoter fragments of various lengths and the promoterless β-galactosidase gene of Escherichia coli. The removal of a region from position-425 to-232 led to a tenfold increase in the expression of the gene. The same results were obtained for the reconstructed β-glucosidase gene with the same promoter length. It is likely that the deletion of this part of the promoter removes negative regulatory elements which are functional in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This increase in activity is the main event which may explain the high increase in gene expression (60-fold) previously observed for an upstream deletion obtained during subcloning experiments of the β-glucosidase gene. It is also shown that the expression of the gene greatly depends upon the nature of the recipient strain, the growth phase of the cell and that of the vector carrying it.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Chromosome III ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; mating type ; HML ; BUD5 ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: This paper reports the DNA sequence of a segment of 9·8 kb of the chromosome III. The sequenced DNA contains the MATα locus. The new sequence of the MATα locus differs from the previously reported sequence by six modifications in the W segment. We have found the same modifications in the HML locus. The corrected sequence contains, in HML, an open reading frame (ORF) of 190 codons which ends at the border between the W segment and the flanking DNA. In the MAT locus, this ORF extends in the flanking DNA up to 538 codons. This ORF corresponds to a gene independently identified as BUD5 (Chant et al., 1991). This gene presents homologies with the exchange factors SDC25 and CDC25. A large ORF of 1399 codons is found on the opposite side of MATα (toward the telomere). This ORF corresponds to a new gene YCR724. Next to this gene is a small ORF, YCR725, of 127 codons. The localization of this fragment on chromosome III, originally supposed to be distal from the MAT locus based on genetic distance, illustrates variation in recombination frequency along the chromosome and suggests the existence of hot spots of recombination between MAT and the THR4 locus.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: Centromere ; ARS ; Kluyveromyces ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Two fragments containing both an autonomous replicating sequence (ARS) and a centromere have been isolated and sequenced from the yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus. The ARS and centromeric core sequences are only 500 bp apart, but ARS activity could be separated from the centromeric sequences.Centromeric sequences are organized in a similar way to those of budding yeasts: two well-conserved elements: CDEI (5′ TCACGTG 3′) and CDEIII (5′ TNTTCCGAAAGTWAAA 3′), are separated by a 165 bp AT-rich (± 90%) CDEII element whose length is twice that of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDEII but almost identical to that of K. lactis.The ARS-core consensus sequence (5′ TTTATTGTT 3′) is also similar to that of K. lactis. Both ARS and centromeric elements function in this strain, albeit inefficiently, but not in S. cerevisiae.A third ARS-containing fragment with a different organization has been isolated and sequenced.The nucleotide sequences of DNA fragments reported in this paper will appear in the EMB data library under the accession numbers: Z31562, Z31563, Z31564.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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