Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Three isoelectronic reactions, proton transfer (PT), hydrogen abstraction (HA), and electron transfer (ET), of NH+3 with NH,3 H2O, and HF have been studied using ab initio molecular orbital calculations. For the reaction of NH+3 + H2O, the energy of the transition state (TS) is higher than that of the reactants. This is consistent with the experimental observation that the rate constant is less than the average dipole orientation (ADO) rate constant. It seems reasonable that the reaction rate for the reaction NH+3 + H2O would hardly depend on the v2 mode of NH+3 at least for low-lying excited states (Eint≤ 0.714 eV) of the v2 mode, because the v2 mode contributes mainly to the normal mode orthogonal to the reaction coordinate at the TS. This is consistent with experimental observation. A similar prediction can be made for the NH+3 + HF reaction. The electron-transfer processes for the HA reactions have been examined in terms of the intrinsic reaction coordinate (IRC). The order of reactivity with NH+3 is NH3 〉 H2O 〉 HF. It is found that the degree of the electron transfer and the reactivity are correlated with the absolute hardness (η) of NH3, H2O, and HF. This is in accord with the softness as the chemical reactivity index in the density functional theory. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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