Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract A spectroscopic study of cellulose transformation processes, such as alkali treatment and annealing, showed that, in combination with multivariate data analysis techniques, a detailed understanding of the crystalline transformation processes could be reached.13C cross-polarization magic-angle spinning (CPMAS) NMR and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of cotton linters and softwood pulps analysed during the processing revealed information, after data reduction using principal components data analysis, that could be connected to structural changes of the cellulose polymorphs. The data showed that alkali treatment of cotton linters led to a cellulose conversion from cellulose I to II, while annealing, both for linters and pulps, yielded a transformation from Iα to Iα.
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