Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Aroma properties of twenty-three branched-chain, odd-numbered, or unsaturated fatty acids which had each been dispersed in acidic aqueous media (pH 2.0) were evaluated. Aroma threshold values were determined using approximately 95 judges for assessing the presence of aromas over dilutions of each fatty acid. Qualitative aroma threshold values for individual fatty acids ranged from 0.006 to 82.4 ppm in the acidic solutions, and 4-ethyloctanoic acid exhibited the lowest threshold of the group tested. Qualitative aroma assessments of dilutions of each fatty acid showed a wide range of unique aroma properties. Fatty acids exhibiting branching at the 4-position had goaty/muttony/sheepy aroma notes as did other fatty acids containing 8-carbon chain structures. Cheese-like aromas were associated with the shorter branched-chain fatty acids.
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