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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2014-03-29
    Description: Rapid advances in DNA synthesis techniques have made it possible to engineer viruses, biochemical pathways and assemble bacterial genomes. Here, we report the synthesis of a functional 272,871-base pair designer eukaryotic chromosome, synIII, which is based on the 316,617-base pair native Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome III. Changes to synIII include TAG/TAA stop-codon replacements, deletion of subtelomeric regions, introns, transfer RNAs, transposons, and silent mating loci as well as insertion of loxPsym sites to enable genome scrambling. SynIII is functional in S. cerevisiae. Scrambling of the chromosome in a heterozygous diploid reveals a large increase in a-mater derivatives resulting from loss of the MATalpha allele on synIII. The complete design and synthesis of synIII establishes S. cerevisiae as the basis for designer eukaryotic genome biology.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4033833/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4033833/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Annaluru, Narayana -- Muller, Heloise -- Mitchell, Leslie A -- Ramalingam, Sivaprakash -- Stracquadanio, Giovanni -- Richardson, Sarah M -- Dymond, Jessica S -- Kuang, Zheng -- Scheifele, Lisa Z -- Cooper, Eric M -- Cai, Yizhi -- Zeller, Karen -- Agmon, Neta -- Han, Jeffrey S -- Hadjithomas, Michalis -- Tullman, Jennifer -- Caravelli, Katrina -- Cirelli, Kimberly -- Guo, Zheyuan -- London, Viktoriya -- Yeluru, Apurva -- Murugan, Sindurathy -- Kandavelou, Karthikeyan -- Agier, Nicolas -- Fischer, Gilles -- Yang, Kun -- Martin, J Andrew -- Bilgel, Murat -- Bohutski, Pavlo -- Boulier, Kristin M -- Capaldo, Brian J -- Chang, Joy -- Charoen, Kristie -- Choi, Woo Jin -- Deng, Peter -- DiCarlo, James E -- Doong, Judy -- Dunn, Jessilyn -- Feinberg, Jason I -- Fernandez, Christopher -- Floria, Charlotte E -- Gladowski, David -- Hadidi, Pasha -- Ishizuka, Isabel -- Jabbari, Javaneh -- Lau, Calvin Y L -- Lee, Pablo A -- Li, Sean -- Lin, Denise -- Linder, Matthias E -- Ling, Jonathan -- Liu, Jaime -- Liu, Jonathan -- London, Mariya -- Ma, Henry -- Mao, Jessica -- McDade, Jessica E -- McMillan, Alexandra -- Moore, Aaron M -- Oh, Won Chan -- Ouyang, Yu -- Patel, Ruchi -- Paul, Marina -- Paulsen, Laura C -- Qiu, Judy -- Rhee, Alex -- Rubashkin, Matthew G -- Soh, Ina Y -- Sotuyo, Nathaniel E -- Srinivas, Venkatesh -- Suarez, Allison -- Wong, Andy -- Wong, Remus -- Xie, Wei Rose -- Xu, Yijie -- Yu, Allen T -- Koszul, Romain -- Bader, Joel S -- Boeke, Jef D -- Chandrasegaran, Srinivasan -- 092076/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- GM077291/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM077291/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 GM090192/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Apr 4;344(6179):55-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1249252. Epub 2014 Mar 27.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University (JHU) School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24674868" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Base Sequence ; *Chromosomes, Fungal/genetics/metabolism ; DNA, Fungal/genetics ; Genes, Fungal ; Genetic Fitness ; Genome, Fungal ; Genomic Instability ; Introns ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Mutation ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; RNA, Fungal/genetics ; RNA, Transfer/genetics ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/cytology/*genetics/physiology ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Sequence Deletion ; Synthetic Biology/*methods ; Transformation, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-04-14
    Description: Hyeyoon Lee, Seong-Moon Cheong, Wonhee Han, Youngmu Koo, Saet-Byeol Jo, Gun-Sik Cho, Jae-Seong Yang, Sanguk Kim, and Jin-Kwan Han Dishevelled (Dvl/Dsh) is a key scaffold protein that propagates Wnt signaling essential for embryogenesis and homeostasis. However, whether the antagonism of Wnt signaling that is necessary for vertebrate head formation can be achieved through regulation of Dsh protein stability is unclear. Here, we show that membrane-associated RING-CH2 (March2), a RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase, antagonizes Wnt signaling by regulating the turnover of Dsh protein via ubiquitin-mediated lysosomal degradation in the prospective head region of Xenopus . We further found that March2 acquires regional and functional specificities for head formation from the Dsh-interacting protein Dapper1 (Dpr1). Dpr1 stabilizes the interaction between March2 and Dsh in order to mediate ubiquitylation and the subsequent degradation of Dsh protein only in the dorso-animal region of Xenopus embryo. These results suggest that March2 restricts cytosolic pools of Dsh protein and reduces the need for Wnt signaling in precise vertebrate head development.
    Print ISSN: 0950-1991
    Electronic ISSN: 1477-9129
    Topics: Biology
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: Purpose: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase ( ALK) -positive cancers are sensitive to small-molecule ALK kinase inhibitors, but most cases experience failure following treatment. Hence, additional drug targets and combination therapeutic treatments are needed. We investigated gene expression that is regulated by the expression of ALK and explored its roles in cancer progression and therapeutic implication. Experimental Design: We screened ALK -rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization and then conducted multiplex gene expression analysis. We also performed a clinicopathologic analysis to validate the findings. Additional cellular experiments, including inhibition and migration assays, and in vivo lung cancer model studies were performed. Results: Among patients with ALK -rearranged NSCLC, integrin β3 ( ITGB3 ) was one of the overexpressed genes in comparison with that in ALK-negative NSCLC ( P = 0.0003). ALK and integrin β3 expression were positively correlated, and we discovered that high integrin β3 mRNA expression was associated with metastasis and more advanced tumor stages ( P 〈 0.005; P 〈 0.05). Furthermore, we found that inhibition of both ALK and integrin β3 led to increased drug sensitivity in vitro and in vivo (both P 〈 0.05). Conclusions: We discovered a positive correlation between ALK and integrin β3 expression levels in ALK -rearranged NSCLC. Our findings suggest that high integrin β3 expression in ALK -rearranged NSCLC is associated with tumor progression and a worse prognosis. This finding demonstrates the prognostic value of integrin β3 and provides a rationale for combination treatment with ALK and integrin β3 inhibitors in patients with ALK -rearranged NSCLC. Clin Cancer Res; 24(17); 4162–74. ©2018 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1078-0432
    Electronic ISSN: 1557-3265
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-05-24
    Description: The co-silencing of multiple tumor suppressor genes can lead to escalated malignancy in cancer cells. Given the limited efficacy of anticancer therapies targeting single tumor suppressor genes, we developed small circular single-stranded DNA (CSSD) that can up-regulate the expression of co-silenced tumor suppressor genes by sequestering microRNAs (miRNAs) that negatively regulate these genes. We found that cancer patients with low tumor expression of the tumor suppressor genes KLF17 , CDH1 , and LASS2 had shortened survival times. The up-regulation of these genes upon transfection of artificial CSSD-9 inhibited tumor proliferation and metastasis and promoted apoptosis in vitro as well as in ex vivo and patient-derived xenograft models. In addition, CSSD is more stable and effective than current miRNA inhibitors, and transfecting CSSDs via nanoparticles substantially improved delivery efficiency. The use of a single CSSD can promote the inhibition of multiple tumor suppressor genes. This study provides evidence for the possibility of using CSSDs as therapeutic miRNA inhibitors to target the co-silencing of multiple tumor suppressor genes.
    Print ISSN: 1946-6234
    Electronic ISSN: 1946-6242
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key wordsnrd ; Ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase ; IciA ; DnaA
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The E. coli nrd operon contains the genes encoding the two subunits of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase. We found that the IciA protein binds specifically to the AT-rich upstream region of nrd promoter. In vivo overexpression of IciA increases the expression of nrd gene by four- to five-fold, suggesting that IciA functions as a transcriptional activator for the nrd gene.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1572-8838
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
    Notes: Abstract The influence of fluoride ions on aluminium cathode surface degradation during zinc electrowinning has been studied. Electrolyte with a composition similar to that employed in plant operations has been used. A direct correlation is shown between the electrolyte fluoride content and the number of deposition cycles possible before zinc removal becomes difficult. The role of initial nucleation and starting electrode morphology is discussed in terms of the degree of adherence observed. Electrochemical tests have also been made on the electrodes at various stages of the process in an attempt to gain a better fundamental understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the adherence. The results indicate that the severity, of the adherence is generally determined by the amount of residual zinc remaining on the surface after stripping and the fluoride content of the solution during plating. The contribution of physical surface condition alone seems to be less significant than the chemical conditions imposed during deposition.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words Replication initiation ; iciA ; Phosphate regulon ; PhoB ; Escherichia coli
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The IciA protein from Escherichia coli has been shown specifically to inhibit the in vitro initiation of chromosomal DNA replication. However, the in vivo role of IciA has not yet been established. In order to investigate the in vivo function of this protein, expression of the iciA gene was studied by monitoring the β-galactosidase activity specified by an iciA promoter-lacZ fusion inserted into the chromosome. Among the conditions tested (carbon starvation, the stringent response, phosphate starvation, and the SOS response), only phosphate depletion increased iciA expression. Supplementation of phosphate-depleted cultures with inorganic phosphate reduced the β-galactosidase activity to basal levels. Enhanced expression of iciA-lacZ was dependent upon the PhoB protein. PhoB is known to be a transcriptional activator of the Pho regulon, expression of which is activated during phosphate starvation. It was also found that the iciA promoter contains a PhoB protein-binding sequence, termed the Pho box, which is necessary for the activation of genes of the Pho regulon. These results suggest that the iciA gene is a member of the Pho regulon.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0891-5849
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0891-5849
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0027-5107
    Keywords: 1,10-Phenanthroline ; Active oxygen species ; Antimutagenesis ; Hydrogen peroxide ; Salmonella typhimurium TA104 ; Spontaneous mutation
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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