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  • 1
    Keywords: CLONES, CLONING, DNA, GENE, GENES, human, LIBRARIES, LIBRARY, MOUSE, PROGRESS, RAT, RESTRICTION, scr
    Abstract: Since its start, the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) has sought to provide at least one full-protein-coding sequence cDNA clone for every human and mouse gene with a RefSeq transcript, and at least 6200 rat genes. The MGC cloning effort initially relied on random expressed sequence tag screening of cDNA libraries. Here, we summarize our recent progress using directed RT-PCR cloning and DNA synthesis. The MGC now contains clones with the entire protein-coding sequence for 92% of human and 89% of mouse genes with curated RefSeq (NM-accession) transcripts, and for 97% of human and 96% of mouse genes with curated RefSeq transcripts that have one or more PubMed publications, in addition to clones for more than 6300 rat genes. These high-quality MGC clones and their sequences are accessible without restriction to researchers worldwide.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19767417
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-04-07
    Description: Marine stickleback fish have colonized and adapted to thousands of streams and lakes formed since the last ice age, providing an exceptional opportunity to characterize genomic mechanisms underlying repeated ecological adaptation in nature. Here we develop a high-quality reference genome assembly for threespine sticklebacks. By sequencing the genomes of twenty additional individuals from a global set of marine and freshwater populations, we identify a genome-wide set of loci that are consistently associated with marine-freshwater divergence. Our results indicate that reuse of globally shared standing genetic variation, including chromosomal inversions, has an important role in repeated evolution of distinct marine and freshwater sticklebacks, and in the maintenance of divergent ecotypes during early stages of reproductive isolation. Both coding and regulatory changes occur in the set of loci underlying marine-freshwater evolution, but regulatory changes appear to predominate in this well known example of repeated adaptive evolution in nature.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jones, Felicity C -- Grabherr, Manfred G -- Chan, Yingguang Frank -- Russell, Pamela -- Mauceli, Evan -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Swofford, Ross -- Pirun, Mono -- Zody, Michael C -- White, Simon -- Birney, Ewan -- Searle, Stephen -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Grimwood, Jane -- Dickson, Mark C -- Myers, Richard M -- Miller, Craig T -- Summers, Brian R -- Knecht, Anne K -- Brady, Shannon D -- Zhang, Haili -- Pollen, Alex A -- Howes, Timothy -- Amemiya, Chris -- Broad Institute Genome Sequencing Platform & Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Jaffe, David B -- Nicol, Robert -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Lander, Eric S -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Kingsley, David M -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- P50 HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09S1/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50-HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Apr 4;484(7392):55-61. doi: 10.1038/nature10944.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center B300, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford California 94305, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22481358" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological/*genetics ; Alaska ; Animals ; Aquatic Organisms/genetics ; *Biological Evolution ; Chromosome Inversion/genetics ; Chromosomes/genetics ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Ecotype ; Female ; Fresh Water ; Genetic Variation/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Seawater ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Smegmamorpha/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2015-11-19
    Description: Acorn worms, also known as enteropneust (literally, 'gut-breathing') hemichordates, are marine invertebrates that share features with echinoderms and chordates. Together, these three phyla comprise the deuterostomes. Here we report the draft genome sequences of two acorn worms, Saccoglossus kowalevskii and Ptychodera flava. By comparing them with diverse bilaterian genomes, we identify shared traits that were probably inherited from the last common deuterostome ancestor, and then explore evolutionary trajectories leading from this ancestor to hemichordates, echinoderms and chordates. The hemichordate genomes exhibit extensive conserved synteny with amphioxus and other bilaterians, and deeply conserved non-coding sequences that are candidates for conserved gene-regulatory elements. Notably, hemichordates possess a deuterostome-specific genomic cluster of four ordered transcription factor genes, the expression of which is associated with the development of pharyngeal 'gill' slits, the foremost morphological innovation of early deuterostomes, and is probably central to their filter-feeding lifestyle. Comparative analysis reveals numerous deuterostome-specific gene novelties, including genes found in deuterostomes and marine microbes, but not other animals. The putative functions of these genes can be linked to physiological, metabolic and developmental specializations of the filter-feeding ancestor.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4729200/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4729200/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Simakov, Oleg -- Kawashima, Takeshi -- Marletaz, Ferdinand -- Jenkins, Jerry -- Koyanagi, Ryo -- Mitros, Therese -- Hisata, Kanako -- Bredeson, Jessen -- Shoguchi, Eiichi -- Gyoja, Fuki -- Yue, Jia-Xing -- Chen, Yi-Chih -- Freeman, Robert M Jr -- Sasaki, Akane -- Hikosaka-Katayama, Tomoe -- Sato, Atsuko -- Fujie, Manabu -- Baughman, Kenneth W -- Levine, Judith -- Gonzalez, Paul -- Cameron, Christopher -- Fritzenwanker, Jens H -- Pani, Ariel M -- Goto, Hiroki -- Kanda, Miyuki -- Arakaki, Nana -- Yamasaki, Shinichi -- Qu, Jiaxin -- Cree, Andrew -- Ding, Yan -- Dinh, Huyen H -- Dugan, Shannon -- Holder, Michael -- Jhangiani, Shalini N -- Kovar, Christie L -- Lee, Sandra L -- Lewis, Lora R -- Morton, Donna -- Nazareth, Lynne V -- Okwuonu, Geoffrey -- Santibanez, Jireh -- Chen, Rui -- Richards, Stephen -- Muzny, Donna M -- Gillis, Andrew -- Peshkin, Leonid -- Wu, Michael -- Humphreys, Tom -- Su, Yi-Hsien -- Putnam, Nicholas H -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Fujiyama, Asao -- Yu, Jr-Kai -- Tagawa, Kunifumi -- Worley, Kim C -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Kirschner, Marc W -- Lowe, Christopher J -- Satoh, Noriyuki -- Rokhsar, Daniel S -- Gerhart, John -- HD37277/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- HD42724/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD037277/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD073104/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01HD073104/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- T32 HD055164/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003273/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Nov 26;527(7579):459-65. doi: 10.1038/nature16150. Epub 2015 Nov 18.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Molecular Genetics Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan. ; Department of Molecular Evolution, Centre for Organismal Studies, University of Heidelberg, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany. ; Marine Genomics Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan. ; Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK. ; HudsonAlpha Institute of Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama 35806, USA. ; DNA Sequencing Section, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Onna, Okinawa 904-0495, Japan. ; Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley California 94720-3200, USA. ; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA. ; Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan. ; Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; Marine Biological Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Onomichi, Hiroshima 722-0073, Japan. ; Natural Science Center for Basic Research and Development, Gene Science Division, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8527, Japan. ; Marine Biological Association of the UK, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK. ; Department of Biology, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA. ; Department de sciences biologiques, University of Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. ; University of North Caroline at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. ; Human Genome Sequencing Center, Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, MS BCM226, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. ; Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK. ; Institute for Biogenesis Research, University of Hawaii, Hawaii 96822, USA. ; National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan. ; US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26580012" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Chordata, Nonvertebrate/classification/*genetics ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Echinodermata/classification/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Genome/*genetics ; Multigene Family/genetics ; Phylogeny ; Signal Transduction ; Synteny/genetics ; Transforming Growth Factor beta
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-07-19
    Description: Brown rot decay removes cellulose and hemicellulose from wood--residual lignin contributing up to 30% of forest soil carbon--and is derived from an ancestral white rot saprotrophy in which both lignin and cellulose are decomposed. Comparative and functional genomics of the "dry rot" fungus Serpula lacrymans, derived from forest ancestors, demonstrated that the evolution of both ectomycorrhizal biotrophy and brown rot saprotrophy were accompanied by reductions and losses in specific protein families, suggesting adaptation to an intercellular interaction with plant tissue. Transcriptome and proteome analysis also identified differences in wood decomposition in S. lacrymans relative to the brown rot Postia placenta. Furthermore, fungal nutritional mode diversification suggests that the boreal forest biome originated via genetic coevolution of above- and below-ground biota.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Eastwood, Daniel C -- Floudas, Dimitrios -- Binder, Manfred -- Majcherczyk, Andrzej -- Schneider, Patrick -- Aerts, Andrea -- Asiegbu, Fred O -- Baker, Scott E -- Barry, Kerrie -- Bendiksby, Mika -- Blumentritt, Melanie -- Coutinho, Pedro M -- Cullen, Dan -- de Vries, Ronald P -- Gathman, Allen -- Goodell, Barry -- Henrissat, Bernard -- Ihrmark, Katarina -- Kauserud, Havard -- Kohler, Annegret -- LaButti, Kurt -- Lapidus, Alla -- Lavin, Jose L -- Lee, Yong-Hwan -- Lindquist, Erika -- Lilly, Walt -- Lucas, Susan -- Morin, Emmanuelle -- Murat, Claude -- Oguiza, Jose A -- Park, Jongsun -- Pisabarro, Antonio G -- Riley, Robert -- Rosling, Anna -- Salamov, Asaf -- Schmidt, Olaf -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Skrede, Inger -- Stenlid, Jan -- Wiebenga, Ad -- Xie, Xinfeng -- Kues, Ursula -- Hibbett, David S -- Hoffmeister, Dirk -- Hogberg, Nils -- Martin, Francis -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- Watkinson, Sarah C -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Aug 5;333(6043):762-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1205411. Epub 2011 Jul 14.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉College of Science, University of Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK. d.c.eastwood@swansea.ac.uk〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21764756" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Angiosperms/microbiology ; Basidiomycota/classification/enzymology/*genetics/physiology ; *Biodiversity ; Biological Evolution ; Biota ; Cell Wall/*metabolism ; Coniferophyta/microbiology ; Coriolaceae/enzymology/genetics/physiology ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Genes, Fungal ; Genomics ; Lignin/metabolism ; Mycorrhizae/enzymology/*genetics/physiology ; Oxidoreductases/genetics/metabolism ; Peroxidases/genetics/metabolism ; Phylogeny ; Proteome ; Symbiosis ; Trees/*microbiology ; Wood/metabolism/*microbiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2012-06-30
    Description: Wood is a major pool of organic carbon that is highly resistant to decay, owing largely to the presence of lignin. The only organisms capable of substantial lignin decay are white rot fungi in the Agaricomycetes, which also contains non-lignin-degrading brown rot and ectomycorrhizal species. Comparative analyses of 31 fungal genomes (12 generated for this study) suggest that lignin-degrading peroxidases expanded in the lineage leading to the ancestor of the Agaricomycetes, which is reconstructed as a white rot species, and then contracted in parallel lineages leading to brown rot and mycorrhizal species. Molecular clock analyses suggest that the origin of lignin degradation might have coincided with the sharp decrease in the rate of organic carbon burial around the end of the Carboniferous period.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Floudas, Dimitrios -- Binder, Manfred -- Riley, Robert -- Barry, Kerrie -- Blanchette, Robert A -- Henrissat, Bernard -- Martinez, Angel T -- Otillar, Robert -- Spatafora, Joseph W -- Yadav, Jagjit S -- Aerts, Andrea -- Benoit, Isabelle -- Boyd, Alex -- Carlson, Alexis -- Copeland, Alex -- Coutinho, Pedro M -- de Vries, Ronald P -- Ferreira, Patricia -- Findley, Keisha -- Foster, Brian -- Gaskell, Jill -- Glotzer, Dylan -- Gorecki, Pawel -- Heitman, Joseph -- Hesse, Cedar -- Hori, Chiaki -- Igarashi, Kiyohiko -- Jurgens, Joel A -- Kallen, Nathan -- Kersten, Phil -- Kohler, Annegret -- Kues, Ursula -- Kumar, T K Arun -- Kuo, Alan -- LaButti, Kurt -- Larrondo, Luis F -- Lindquist, Erika -- Ling, Albee -- Lombard, Vincent -- Lucas, Susan -- Lundell, Taina -- Martin, Rachael -- McLaughlin, David J -- Morgenstern, Ingo -- Morin, Emanuelle -- Murat, Claude -- Nagy, Laszlo G -- Nolan, Matt -- Ohm, Robin A -- Patyshakuliyeva, Aleksandrina -- Rokas, Antonis -- Ruiz-Duenas, Francisco J -- Sabat, Grzegorz -- Salamov, Asaf -- Samejima, Masahiro -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Slot, Jason C -- St John, Franz -- Stenlid, Jan -- Sun, Hui -- Sun, Sheng -- Syed, Khajamohiddin -- Tsang, Adrian -- Wiebenga, Ad -- Young, Darcy -- Pisabarro, Antonio -- Eastwood, Daniel C -- Martin, Francis -- Cullen, Dan -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- Hibbett, David S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2012 Jun 29;336(6089):1715-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1221748.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Biology Department, Clark University, Worcester, MA 01610, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22745431" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Basidiomycota/classification/*enzymology/*genetics ; Bayes Theorem ; *Evolution, Molecular ; *Genome, Fungal ; Indoles ; Lignin/*metabolism ; Peroxidases/*genetics/metabolism ; Wood/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2012-12-04
    Description: Cryptophyte and chlorarachniophyte algae are transitional forms in the widespread secondary endosymbiotic acquisition of photosynthesis by engulfment of eukaryotic algae. Unlike most secondary plastid-bearing algae, miniaturized versions of the endosymbiont nuclei (nucleomorphs) persist in cryptophytes and chlorarachniophytes. To determine why, and to address other fundamental questions about eukaryote-eukaryote endosymbiosis, we sequenced the nuclear genomes of the cryptophyte Guillardia theta and the chlorarachniophyte Bigelowiella natans. Both genomes have 〉21,000 protein genes and are intron rich, and B. natans exhibits unprecedented alternative splicing for a single-celled organism. Phylogenomic analyses and subcellular targeting predictions reveal extensive genetic and biochemical mosaicism, with both host- and endosymbiont-derived genes servicing the mitochondrion, the host cell cytosol, the plastid and the remnant endosymbiont cytosol of both algae. Mitochondrion-to-nucleus gene transfer still occurs in both organisms but plastid-to-nucleus and nucleomorph-to-nucleus transfers do not, which explains why a small residue of essential genes remains locked in each nucleomorph.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Curtis, Bruce A -- Tanifuji, Goro -- Burki, Fabien -- Gruber, Ansgar -- Irimia, Manuel -- Maruyama, Shinichiro -- Arias, Maria C -- Ball, Steven G -- Gile, Gillian H -- Hirakawa, Yoshihisa -- Hopkins, Julia F -- Kuo, Alan -- Rensing, Stefan A -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Symeonidi, Aikaterini -- Elias, Marek -- Eveleigh, Robert J M -- Herman, Emily K -- Klute, Mary J -- Nakayama, Takuro -- Obornik, Miroslav -- Reyes-Prieto, Adrian -- Armbrust, E Virginia -- Aves, Stephen J -- Beiko, Robert G -- Coutinho, Pedro -- Dacks, Joel B -- Durnford, Dion G -- Fast, Naomi M -- Green, Beverley R -- Grisdale, Cameron J -- Hempel, Franziska -- Henrissat, Bernard -- Hoppner, Marc P -- Ishida, Ken-Ichiro -- Kim, Eunsoo -- Koreny, Ludek -- Kroth, Peter G -- Liu, Yuan -- Malik, Shehre-Banoo -- Maier, Uwe G -- McRose, Darcy -- Mock, Thomas -- Neilson, Jonathan A D -- Onodera, Naoko T -- Poole, Anthony M -- Pritham, Ellen J -- Richards, Thomas A -- Rocap, Gabrielle -- Roy, Scott W -- Sarai, Chihiro -- Schaack, Sarah -- Shirato, Shu -- Slamovits, Claudio H -- Spencer, David F -- Suzuki, Shigekatsu -- Worden, Alexandra Z -- Zauner, Stefan -- Barry, Kerrie -- Bell, Callum -- Bharti, Arvind K -- Crow, John A -- Grimwood, Jane -- Kramer, Robin -- Lindquist, Erika -- Lucas, Susan -- Salamov, Asaf -- McFadden, Geoffrey I -- Lane, Christopher E -- Keeling, Patrick J -- Gray, Michael W -- Grigoriev, Igor V -- Archibald, John M -- BB/G00885X/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Dec 6;492(7427):59-65. doi: 10.1038/nature11681. Epub 2012 Nov 28.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23201678" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Algal Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Alternative Splicing/genetics ; Cell Nucleus/*genetics ; Cercozoa/cytology/*genetics/metabolism ; Cryptophyta/cytology/*genetics/metabolism ; Cytosol/metabolism ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Gene Duplication/genetics ; Gene Transfer, Horizontal/genetics ; Genes, Essential/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genome, Mitochondrial/genetics ; Genome, Plant/genetics ; Genome, Plastid/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; *Mosaicism ; Phylogeny ; Protein Transport ; Proteome/genetics/metabolism ; Symbiosis/*genetics ; Transcriptome/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2012-12-22
    Description: Polyploidy often confers emergent properties, such as the higher fibre productivity and quality of tetraploid cottons than diploid cottons bred for the same environments. Here we show that an abrupt five- to sixfold ploidy increase approximately 60 million years (Myr) ago, and allopolyploidy reuniting divergent Gossypium genomes approximately 1-2 Myr ago, conferred about 30-36-fold duplication of ancestral angiosperm (flowering plant) genes in elite cottons (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense), genetic complexity equalled only by Brassica among sequenced angiosperms. Nascent fibre evolution, before allopolyploidy, is elucidated by comparison of spinnable-fibred Gossypium herbaceum A and non-spinnable Gossypium longicalyx F genomes to one another and the outgroup D genome of non-spinnable Gossypium raimondii. The sequence of a G. hirsutum A(t)D(t) (in which 't' indicates tetraploid) cultivar reveals many non-reciprocal DNA exchanges between subgenomes that may have contributed to phenotypic innovation and/or other emergent properties such as ecological adaptation by polyploids. Most DNA-level novelty in G. hirsutum recombines alleles from the D-genome progenitor native to its New World habitat and the Old World A-genome progenitor in which spinnable fibre evolved. Coordinated expression changes in proximal groups of functionally distinct genes, including a nuclear mitochondrial DNA block, may account for clusters of cotton-fibre quantitative trait loci affecting diverse traits. Opportunities abound for dissecting emergent properties of other polyploids, particularly angiosperms, by comparison to diploid progenitors and outgroups.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Paterson, Andrew H -- Wendel, Jonathan F -- Gundlach, Heidrun -- Guo, Hui -- Jenkins, Jerry -- Jin, Dianchuan -- Llewellyn, Danny -- Showmaker, Kurtis C -- Shu, Shengqiang -- Udall, Joshua -- Yoo, Mi-jeong -- Byers, Robert -- Chen, Wei -- Doron-Faigenboim, Adi -- Duke, Mary V -- Gong, Lei -- Grimwood, Jane -- Grover, Corrinne -- Grupp, Kara -- Hu, Guanjing -- Lee, Tae-ho -- Li, Jingping -- Lin, Lifeng -- Liu, Tao -- Marler, Barry S -- Page, Justin T -- Roberts, Alison W -- Romanel, Elisson -- Sanders, William S -- Szadkowski, Emmanuel -- Tan, Xu -- Tang, Haibao -- Xu, Chunming -- Wang, Jinpeng -- Wang, Zining -- Zhang, Dong -- Zhang, Lan -- Ashrafi, Hamid -- Bedon, Frank -- Bowers, John E -- Brubaker, Curt L -- Chee, Peng W -- Das, Sayan -- Gingle, Alan R -- Haigler, Candace H -- Harker, David -- Hoffmann, Lucia V -- Hovav, Ran -- Jones, Donald C -- Lemke, Cornelia -- Mansoor, Shahid -- ur Rahman, Mehboob -- Rainville, Lisa N -- Rambani, Aditi -- Reddy, Umesh K -- Rong, Jun-kang -- Saranga, Yehoshua -- Scheffler, Brian E -- Scheffler, Jodi A -- Stelly, David M -- Triplett, Barbara A -- Van Deynze, Allen -- Vaslin, Maite F S -- Waghmare, Vijay N -- Walford, Sally A -- Wright, Robert J -- Zaki, Essam A -- Zhang, Tianzhen -- Dennis, Elizabeth S -- Mayer, Klaus F X -- Peterson, Daniel G -- Rokhsar, Daniel S -- Wang, Xiyin -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- England -- Nature. 2012 Dec 20;492(7429):423-7. doi: 10.1038/nature11798.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23257886" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; *Biological Evolution ; Cacao/genetics ; Chromosomes, Plant/genetics ; *Cotton Fiber ; Diploidy ; Gene Duplication/genetics ; Genes, Plant/genetics ; Genome, Plant/*genetics ; Gossypium/classification/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Phylogeny ; *Polyploidy ; Vitis/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-06-12
    Description: Eucalypts are the world's most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. We sequenced and assembled 〉94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion thus far in plant genomes. Eucalyptus also shows the highest diversity of genes for specialized metabolites such as terpenes that act as chemical defence and provide unique pharmaceutical oils. Genome sequencing of the E. grandis sister species E. globulus and a set of inbred E. grandis tree genomes reveals dynamic genome evolution and hotspots of inbreeding depression. The E. grandis genome is the first reference for the eudicot order Myrtales and is placed here sister to the eurosids. This resource expands our understanding of the unique biology of large woody perennials and provides a powerful tool to accelerate comparative biology, breeding and biotechnology.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Myburg, Alexander A -- Grattapaglia, Dario -- Tuskan, Gerald A -- Hellsten, Uffe -- Hayes, Richard D -- Grimwood, Jane -- Jenkins, Jerry -- Lindquist, Erika -- Tice, Hope -- Bauer, Diane -- Goodstein, David M -- Dubchak, Inna -- Poliakov, Alexandre -- Mizrachi, Eshchar -- Kullan, Anand R K -- Hussey, Steven G -- Pinard, Desre -- van der Merwe, Karen -- Singh, Pooja -- van Jaarsveld, Ida -- Silva-Junior, Orzenil B -- Togawa, Roberto C -- Pappas, Marilia R -- Faria, Danielle A -- Sansaloni, Carolina P -- Petroli, Cesar D -- Yang, Xiaohan -- Ranjan, Priya -- Tschaplinski, Timothy J -- Ye, Chu-Yu -- Li, Ting -- Sterck, Lieven -- Vanneste, Kevin -- Murat, Florent -- Soler, Marcal -- Clemente, Helene San -- Saidi, Naijib -- Cassan-Wang, Hua -- Dunand, Christophe -- Hefer, Charles A -- Bornberg-Bauer, Erich -- Kersting, Anna R -- Vining, Kelly -- Amarasinghe, Vindhya -- Ranik, Martin -- Naithani, Sushma -- Elser, Justin -- Boyd, Alexander E -- Liston, Aaron -- Spatafora, Joseph W -- Dharmwardhana, Palitha -- Raja, Rajani -- Sullivan, Christopher -- Romanel, Elisson -- Alves-Ferreira, Marcio -- Kulheim, Carsten -- Foley, William -- Carocha, Victor -- Paiva, Jorge -- Kudrna, David -- Brommonschenkel, Sergio H -- Pasquali, Giancarlo -- Byrne, Margaret -- Rigault, Philippe -- Tibbits, Josquin -- Spokevicius, Antanas -- Jones, Rebecca C -- Steane, Dorothy A -- Vaillancourt, Rene E -- Potts, Brad M -- Joubert, Fourie -- Barry, Kerrie -- Pappas, Georgios J -- Strauss, Steven H -- Jaiswal, Pankaj -- Grima-Pettenati, Jacqueline -- Salse, Jerome -- Van de Peer, Yves -- Rokhsar, Daniel S -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- England -- Nature. 2014 Jun 19;510(7505):356-62. doi: 10.1038/nature13308. Epub 2014 Jun 11.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa [2] Genomics Research Institute (GRI), University of Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa. ; 1] Laboratorio de Genetica Vegetal, EMBRAPA Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia, EPQB Final W5 Norte, 70770-917 Brasilia, Brazil [2] Programa de Ciencias Genomicas e Biotecnologia - Universidade Catolica de Brasilia SGAN 916, 70790-160 Brasilia, Brazil. ; 1] US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA [2] Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA. ; US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA. ; HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, 601 Genome Way, Huntsville, Alabama 35801, USA. ; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa. ; Laboratorio de Bioinformatica, EMBRAPA Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia, EPQB Final W5 Norte, 70770-917 Brasilia, Brazil. ; Laboratorio de Genetica Vegetal, EMBRAPA Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia, EPQB Final W5 Norte, 70770-917 Brasilia, Brazil. ; Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA. ; Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics (VIB), Ghent University, Technologiepark 927, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. ; INRA/UBP UMR 1095, 5 Avenue de Beaulieu, 63100 Clermont Ferrand, France. ; Laboratoire de Recherche en Sciences Vegetales, UMR 5546, Universite Toulouse III, UPS, CNRS, BP 42617, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France. ; 1] Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa [2] Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 3529-6270 University Blvd, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, Canada. ; Evolutionary Bioinformatics, Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Muenster, Huefferstrasse 1, D-48149, Muenster, Germany. ; 1] Evolutionary Bioinformatics, Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Muenster, Huefferstrasse 1, D-48149, Muenster, Germany [2] Department of Bioinformatics, Institute for Computer Science, University of Duesseldorf, Universitatsstrasse 1, 40225 Dusseldorf, Germany. ; Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA. ; 1] Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, 2082-Cordley Hall, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA [2] Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA. ; Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, 2082-Cordley Hall, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA. ; Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA. ; 1] Laboratorio de Biologia Evolutiva Teorica e Aplicada, Departamento de Genetica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Av. Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco, 21949900 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [2] Departamento de Biotecnologia, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena-Universidade de Sao Paulo (EEL-USP), CP116, 12602-810, Lorena-SP, Brazil [3] Laboratorio de Genetica Molecular Vegetal (LGMV), Departamento de Genetica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Av. Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco, 21949900 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ; Laboratorio de Genetica Molecular Vegetal (LGMV), Departamento de Genetica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Av. Prof. Rodolpho Paulo Rocco, 21949900 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ; Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia. ; 1] Laboratoire de Recherche en Sciences Vegetales, UMR 5546, Universite Toulouse III, UPS, CNRS, BP 42617, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France [2] IICT/MNE; Palacio Burnay - Rua da Junqueira, 30, 1349-007 Lisboa, Portugal [3] IBET/ITQB, Av. Republica, Quinta do Marques, 2781-901 Oeiras, Portugal. ; 1] IICT/MNE; Palacio Burnay - Rua da Junqueira, 30, 1349-007 Lisboa, Portugal [2] IBET/ITQB, Av. Republica, Quinta do Marques, 2781-901 Oeiras, Portugal. ; Arizona Genomics Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA. ; Dep. de Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Vicosa 36570-000, Brazil. ; Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Brazil. ; Science and Conservation Division, Department of Parks and Wildlife, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, Western Australia 6983, Australia. ; GYDLE, 1363 av. Maguire, suite 301, Quebec, Quebec G1T 1Z2, Canada. ; Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Victorian Government, Melbourne, Victoria 3085, Australia. ; Melbourne School of Land and Environment, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia. ; School of Biological Sciences and National Centre for Future Forest Industries, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 55, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia. ; 1] School of Biological Sciences and National Centre for Future Forest Industries, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 55, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia [2] Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland 4558, Australia. ; 1] Genomics Research Institute (GRI), University of Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa [2] Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa. ; Departamento de Biologia Celular, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia 70910-900, Brazil. ; 1] Genomics Research Institute (GRI), University of Pretoria, Private bag X20, Pretoria 0028, South Africa [2] Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics (VIB), Ghent University, Technologiepark 927, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. ; 1] US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA [2] HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, 601 Genome Way, Huntsville, Alabama 35801, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24919147" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Eucalyptus/classification/*genetics ; Evolution, Molecular ; Genetic Variation ; *Genome, Plant ; Inbreeding ; Phylogeny
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-11-25
    Description: The spider mite Tetranychus urticae is a cosmopolitan agricultural pest with an extensive host plant range and an extreme record of pesticide resistance. Here we present the completely sequenced and annotated spider mite genome, representing the first complete chelicerate genome. At 90 megabases T. urticae has the smallest sequenced arthropod genome. Compared with other arthropods, the spider mite genome shows unique changes in the hormonal environment and organization of the Hox complex, and also reveals evolutionary innovation of silk production. We find strong signatures of polyphagy and detoxification in gene families associated with feeding on different hosts and in new gene families acquired by lateral gene transfer. Deep transcriptome analysis of mites feeding on different plants shows how this pest responds to a changing host environment. The T. urticae genome thus offers new insights into arthropod evolution and plant-herbivore interactions, and provides unique opportunities for developing novel plant protection strategies.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Grbic, Miodrag -- Van Leeuwen, Thomas -- Clark, Richard M -- Rombauts, Stephane -- Rouze, Pierre -- Grbic, Vojislava -- Osborne, Edward J -- Dermauw, Wannes -- Ngoc, Phuong Cao Thi -- Ortego, Felix -- Hernandez-Crespo, Pedro -- Diaz, Isabel -- Martinez, Manuel -- Navajas, Maria -- Sucena, Elio -- Magalhaes, Sara -- Nagy, Lisa -- Pace, Ryan M -- Djuranovic, Sergej -- Smagghe, Guy -- Iga, Masatoshi -- Christiaens, Olivier -- Veenstra, Jan A -- Ewer, John -- Villalobos, Rodrigo Mancilla -- Hutter, Jeffrey L -- Hudson, Stephen D -- Velez, Marisela -- Yi, Soojin V -- Zeng, Jia -- Pires-daSilva, Andre -- Roch, Fernando -- Cazaux, Marc -- Navarro, Marie -- Zhurov, Vladimir -- Acevedo, Gustavo -- Bjelica, Anica -- Fawcett, Jeffrey A -- Bonnet, Eric -- Martens, Cindy -- Baele, Guy -- Wissler, Lothar -- Sanchez-Rodriguez, Aminael -- Tirry, Luc -- Blais, Catherine -- Demeestere, Kristof -- Henz, Stefan R -- Gregory, T Ryan -- Mathieu, Johannes -- Verdon, Lou -- Farinelli, Laurent -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Lindquist, Erika -- Feyereisen, Rene -- Van de Peer, Yves -- England -- Nature. 2011 Nov 23;479(7374):487-92. doi: 10.1038/nature10640.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Biology, The University of Western Ontario, London N6A 5B7, Canada. mgrbic@uwo.ca〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22113690" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological/*genetics/physiology ; Animals ; Ecdysterone/analogs & derivatives/genetics ; Evolution, Molecular ; Fibroins/genetics ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Gene Transfer, Horizontal/genetics ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Herbivory/*genetics/physiology ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Molting/genetics ; Multigene Family/genetics ; Nanostructures/chemistry ; Plants/parasitology ; Silk/biosynthesis/chemistry ; Tetranychidae/*genetics/*physiology ; Transcriptome/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2016-01-28
    Description: Seagrasses colonized the sea on at least three independent occasions to form the basis of one of the most productive and widespread coastal ecosystems on the planet. Here we report the genome of Zostera marina (L.), the first, to our knowledge, marine angiosperm to be fully sequenced. This reveals unique insights into the genomic losses and gains involved in achieving the structural and physiological adaptations required for its marine lifestyle, arguably the most severe habitat shift ever accomplished by flowering plants. Key angiosperm innovations that were lost include the entire repertoire of stomatal genes, genes involved in the synthesis of terpenoids and ethylene signalling, and genes for ultraviolet protection and phytochromes for far-red sensing. Seagrasses have also regained functions enabling them to adjust to full salinity. Their cell walls contain all of the polysaccharides typical of land plants, but also contain polyanionic, low-methylated pectins and sulfated galactans, a feature shared with the cell walls of all macroalgae and that is important for ion homoeostasis, nutrient uptake and O2/CO2 exchange through leaf epidermal cells. The Z. marina genome resource will markedly advance a wide range of functional ecological studies from adaptation of marine ecosystems under climate warming, to unravelling the mechanisms of osmoregulation under high salinities that may further inform our understanding of the evolution of salt tolerance in crop plants.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Olsen, Jeanine L -- Rouze, Pierre -- Verhelst, Bram -- Lin, Yao-Cheng -- Bayer, Till -- Collen, Jonas -- Dattolo, Emanuela -- De Paoli, Emanuele -- Dittami, Simon -- Maumus, Florian -- Michel, Gurvan -- Kersting, Anna -- Lauritano, Chiara -- Lohaus, Rolf -- Topel, Mats -- Tonon, Thierry -- Vanneste, Kevin -- Amirebrahimi, Mojgan -- Brakel, Janina -- Bostrom, Christoffer -- Chovatia, Mansi -- Grimwood, Jane -- Jenkins, Jerry W -- Jueterbock, Alexander -- Mraz, Amy -- Stam, Wytze T -- Tice, Hope -- Bornberg-Bauer, Erich -- Green, Pamela J -- Pearson, Gareth A -- Procaccini, Gabriele -- Duarte, Carlos M -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Reusch, Thorsten B H -- Van de Peer, Yves -- England -- Nature. 2016 Feb 18;530(7590):331-5. doi: 10.1038/nature16548. Epub 2016 Jan 27.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Groningen Institute of Evolutionary Life Sciences (GELIFES), University of Groningen, PO Box 11103, 9700 CC Groningen, The Netherlands. ; Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB and Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Technologiepark 927, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium. ; GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research-Kiel, Evolutionary Ecology, Dusternbrooker Weg 20, D-24105 Kiel, Germany. ; Sorbonne Universite, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 8227, Integrative Biology of Marine Models, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CS 90074, F-29688, Roscoff cedex, France. ; Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy. ; Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, University of Udine, Via delle Scienze 206, 33100 Udine, Italy. ; INRA, UR1164 URGI-Research Unit in Genomics-Info, INRA de Versailles-Grignon, Route de Saint-Cyr, Versailles 78026, France. ; Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, Westfalische Wilhelms-University of Munster, Hufferstrasse 1, D-48149 Munster, Germany. ; Institute for Computer Science, Heinrich Heine University, D-40255 Duesseldorf, Germany. ; Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Bioinformatics Infrastructure for Life Sciences (BILS), University of Gothenburg, Medicinaregatan 18A, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden. ; Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Dr., #100, Walnut Creek, California 94598, USA. ; Environmental and Marine Biology, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Abo Akademi University, Artillerigatan 6, FI-20520 Turku/Abo, Finland. ; HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, 601 Genome Way NW, Huntsville, Alabama 35806, USA. ; Marine Ecology Group, Nord University, Postbox 1490, 8049 Bodo, Norway. ; Amplicon Express, 2345 NE Hopkins Ct., Pullman, Washington 99163, USA. ; School of Marine Science and Policy, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, University of Delaware, 15-Innovation Way, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA. ; Marine Ecology and Evolution, Centre for Marine Sciences (CCMAR), University of Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal. ; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Red Sea Research Center (RSRC), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia. ; University of Kiel, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Christian-Albrechts-Platz 4, 24118 Kiel, Germany. ; Genomics Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Hatfield Campus, Pretoria 0028, South Africa. ; Bioinformatics Institute Ghent, Ghent University, Ghent B-9000, Belgium.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26814964" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Acclimatization/genetics ; Adaptation, Physiological/*genetics ; Cell Wall/chemistry ; Ethylenes/biosynthesis ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Gene Duplication ; Genes, Plant/genetics ; Genome, Plant/*genetics ; Metabolic Networks and Pathways ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Oceans and Seas ; Osmoregulation/genetics ; Phylogeny ; Plant Leaves/metabolism ; Plant Stomata/genetics ; Pollen/metabolism ; Salinity ; Salt-Tolerance/genetics ; *Seawater ; Seaweed/genetics ; Terpenes/metabolism ; Zosteraceae/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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