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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-05-20
    Description: Mutations or amplification of the MET proto-oncogene are involved in the pathogenesis of several tumours, which rely on the constitutive engagement of this pathway for their growth and survival. However, MET is expressed not only by cancer cells but also by tumour-associated stromal cells, although its precise role in this compartment is not well characterized. Here we show that MET is required for neutrophil chemoattraction and cytotoxicity in response to its ligand hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Met deletion in mouse neutrophils enhances tumour growth and metastasis. This phenotype correlates with reduced neutrophil infiltration to both the primary tumour and metastatic sites. Similarly, Met is necessary for neutrophil transudation during colitis, skin rash or peritonitis. Mechanistically, Met is induced by tumour-derived tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha or other inflammatory stimuli in both mouse and human neutrophils. This induction is instrumental for neutrophil transmigration across an activated endothelium and for inducible nitric oxide synthase production upon HGF stimulation. Consequently, HGF/MET-dependent nitric oxide release by neutrophils promotes cancer cell killing, which abates tumour growth and metastasis. After systemic administration of a MET kinase inhibitor, we prove that the therapeutic benefit of MET targeting in cancer cells is partly countered by the pro-tumoural effect arising from MET blockade in neutrophils. Our work identifies an unprecedented role of MET in neutrophils, suggests a potential 'Achilles' heel' of MET-targeted therapies in cancer, and supports the rationale for evaluating anti-MET drugs in certain inflammatory diseases.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4594765/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4594765/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Finisguerra, Veronica -- Di Conza, Giusy -- Di Matteo, Mario -- Serneels, Jens -- Costa, Sandra -- Thompson, A A Roger -- Wauters, Els -- Walmsley, Sarah -- Prenen, Hans -- Granot, Zvi -- Casazza, Andrea -- Mazzone, Massimiliano -- 098516/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- 308459/European Research Council/International -- G0802255/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2015 Jun 18;522(7556):349-53. doi: 10.1038/nature14407. Epub 2015 May 18.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, Leuven B3000, Belgium [2] Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis, Vesalius Research Center, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, Leuven B3000, Belgium. ; 1] Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, Leuven B3000, Belgium [2] Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis, Vesalius Research Center, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, Leuven B3000, Belgium [3] Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal [4] ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory, 4710-057 Braga/Guimaraes, Portugal. ; Department of Infection and Immunity, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK. ; 1] Respiratory Division, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven B3000, Belgium [2] Laboratory of Translational Genetics, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, Leuven B3000, Belgium [3] Laboratory of Translational Genetics, Vesalius Research Center, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, Leuven B3000, Belgium. ; Digestive Oncology Unit, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Department of Oncology, KU Leuven, Leuven B3000, Belgium. ; Department of Developmental Biology and Cancer Research, The Institute for Medical Research Israel-Canada, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25985180" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aged ; Animals ; Antineoplastic Agents/*adverse effects/*pharmacology ; Disease Models, Animal ; Disease Progression ; Female ; Gene Deletion ; Hepatocyte Growth Factor ; Humans ; Inflammation/immunology/pathology ; Male ; Mice ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Neoplasms/drug therapy/*immunology/*metabolism/pathology ; Neutrophils/drug effects/*immunology/secretion ; Nitric Oxide/secretion ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met/antagonists & ; inhibitors/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; Solubility ; Transendothelial and Transepithelial Migration ; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism ; Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-10-11
    Description: PHD2 serves as an oxygen sensor that rescues blood supply by regulating vessel formation and shape in case of oxygen shortage. However, it is unknown whether PHD2 can influence arteriogenesis. Here we studied the role of PHD2 in collateral artery growth by using hindlimb ischaemia as a model, a process that compensates for the lack of blood flow in case of major arterial occlusion. We show that Phd2 (also known as Egln1) haplodeficient (Phd2(+/-)) mice displayed preformed collateral arteries that preserved limb perfusion and prevented tissue necrosis in ischaemia. Improved arteriogenesis in Phd2(+/-) mice was due to an expansion of tissue-resident, M2-like macrophages and their increased release of arteriogenic factors, leading to enhanced smooth muscle cell (SMC) recruitment and growth. Both chronic and acute deletion of one Phd2 allele in macrophages was sufficient to skew their polarization towards a pro-arteriogenic phenotype. Mechanistically, collateral vessel preconditioning relied on the activation of canonical NF-kappaB pathway in Phd2(+/-) macrophages. These results unravel how PHD2 regulates arteriogenesis and artery homeostasis by controlling a specific differentiation state in macrophages and suggest new treatment options for ischaemic disorders.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4659699/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4659699/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Takeda, Yukiji -- Costa, Sandra -- Delamarre, Estelle -- Roncal, Carmen -- Leite de Oliveira, Rodrigo -- Squadrito, Mario Leonardo -- Finisguerra, Veronica -- Deschoemaeker, Sofie -- Bruyere, Francoise -- Wenes, Mathias -- Hamm, Alexander -- Serneels, Jens -- Magat, Julie -- Bhattacharyya, Tapan -- Anisimov, Andrey -- Jordan, Benedicte F -- Alitalo, Kari -- Maxwell, Patrick -- Gallez, Bernard -- Zhuang, Zhen W -- Saito, Yoshihiko -- Simons, Michael -- De Palma, Michele -- Mazzone, Massimiliano -- R01 HL053793/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 9;479(7371):122-6. doi: 10.1038/nature10507.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Laboratory of Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis, Vesalius Research Center, VIB, Leuven B-3000, Belgium.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21983962" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; Animals ; Arteries/*growth & development ; Disease Models, Animal ; Extremities/*blood supply/pathology ; Female ; Heterozygote ; Homeostasis ; Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-Proline Dioxygenases ; Ischemia/pathology/*prevention & control ; Macrophages/*metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, 129 Strain ; Mice, Inbred BALB C ; Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology ; NF-kappa B/metabolism ; Necrosis ; Phenotype ; Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase/*deficiency/genetics/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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