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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-07-13
    Description: Cell-surface receptors frequently use scaffold proteins to recruit cytoplasmic targets, but the rationale for this is uncertain. Activated receptor tyrosine kinases, for example, engage scaffolds such as Shc1 that contain phosphotyrosine (pTyr)-binding (PTB) domains. Using quantitative mass spectrometry, here we show that mammalian Shc1 responds to epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation through multiple waves of distinct phosphorylation events and protein interactions. After stimulation, Shc1 rapidly binds a group of proteins that activate pro-mitogenic or survival pathways dependent on recruitment of the Grb2 adaptor to Shc1 pTyr sites. Akt-mediated feedback phosphorylation of Shc1 Ser 29 then recruits the Ptpn12 tyrosine phosphatase. This is followed by a sub-network of proteins involved in cytoskeletal reorganization, trafficking and signal termination that binds Shc1 with delayed kinetics, largely through the SgK269 pseudokinase/adaptor protein. Ptpn12 acts as a switch to convert Shc1 from pTyr/Grb2-based signalling to SgK269-mediated pathways that regulate cell invasion and morphogenesis. The Shc1 scaffold therefore directs the temporal flow of signalling information after EGF stimulation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Zheng, Yong -- Zhang, Cunjie -- Croucher, David R -- Soliman, Mohamed A -- St-Denis, Nicole -- Pasculescu, Adrian -- Taylor, Lorne -- Tate, Stephen A -- Hardy, W Rod -- Colwill, Karen -- Dai, Anna Yue -- Bagshaw, Rick -- Dennis, James W -- Gingras, Anne-Claude -- Daly, Roger J -- Pawson, Tony -- MOP-13466-6849/Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- England -- Nature. 2013 Jul 11;499(7457):166-71. doi: 10.1038/nature12308.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Toronto M5G 1X5, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23846654" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Breast/cytology ; Cell Line ; Epidermal Growth Factor/*metabolism ; Epithelial Cells/cytology ; Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism ; Feedback, Physiological ; GRB2 Adaptor Protein/deficiency/genetics/metabolism ; Humans ; Mice ; Multiprotein Complexes/chemistry/metabolism ; Phosphorylation ; Protein Binding ; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism ; Rats ; Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor/agonists/metabolism ; Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins/deficiency/genetics/*metabolism ; *Signal Transduction ; Time Factors
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-7276
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Trophoblast cells of normal first trimester human placenta share with malignant tumor cells the ability for significant cellular proliferation and invasion of basement membranes. Because tumor cell metastasisin vivo and invasion of basement membranesin vitro have recently been shown to require the expression of-GIcNAcβ1–6 Manαl-6 Manβl-branched complex type Asn-linked oligosaccharides in tumor cell surface glycoproteins, we decided to determine if such structures were also necessary for invasion by trophoblast cells. We report here that invasive first trimester trophoblasts express leukoagglutinin-reactive βl-6 branched Asn-linked oligosaccharides on their surface. Moreover, basement membrane invasion by trophoblast was significantly inhibited by pretreating the cells with swainsonine, a non-toxic inhibitor of Golgi α-mannosidase II which blocks β1–6 branching of Asn-linked oligosaccharides. The first trimester trophoblast cells pretreated with swainsonine attached more avidly to the amnion basement membrane and to an extracellular matrix (ECM) preparation compared to control non-treated erophoblast cells. Swainsonine treatment did not inhibit secretion of gelatinase or plasminogen activator activities by trophoblast cells. These results suggest that expression of βl-6 branched oligosaccharides in trophoblast cells may be functionally important for the implantation and placentation processes by reducing cell adhesion to ECM and thereby facilitating trophoblast cell invasion.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Glycoconjugate journal 10 (1993), S. 245-245 
    ISSN: 1573-4986
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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