Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Ketanserin, a selective 5-HT2-receptor antagonist, inhibits the reversible aggregation induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in human platelet-rich plasma (PRP). In this respect, the compound is equipotent to cyproheptadine and more active than methysergide (IC50: 1.66×10−8 M, 1.44×10−8 M and 5.62×10−8 M respectively). Ketanserin is active against 5-HT-induced platelet aggregation after bothin vitro and oral administration to human volunteers. At concentrations up to 500 times in excess of the IC50 for 5-HT-induced platelet reactions, ketanserin does not affect the aggregation induced by ADP, epinephrine, collagen or Thrombofax®, the prostaglandin biosynthesis of thrombin-stimulated platelets, nor the active uptake of14C-5-HT by platelets. 5-Hydroxytryptamine amplifies the human platelet aggregation induced by threshold concentrations of ADP, collagen, epinephrine, norepinephrine and induced irreversible aggregation of platelets pre-sensitized with Thrombofax®. This amplification by 5-hydroxytryptamine results in a platelet response typical for the potentiated agonist; for the combination of the monoamine with collagen, the serotonergic amplification results in enhanced aggregation, release of β-TG and PF4 and excessive formation of TXB2. Ketanserin, after bothin vitro and oral administration to man reduces the amplified response to the level of the potentiated agonist. The present evidence suggests the presence of functional 5-HT2 receptors on the human platelet, different from those involved in the uptake of the monoamine.
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