Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
In an effort to determine whether the Na+-dependent Pi transport system of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells exhibits specificity for H2PO4- or HPO4-2, Pi fluxes were determined by measuring 32Pi—Pi self-exchange. Three experimental approaches were employed. First, the effect of pH on steady-state Pi transport at 0.5 and 5 mM was studied. Second, the relationship between Pi transport and Pi concentration (0.25-9.2 mM) at pH 5.6 and 7.9 was determined. Third, the dependence of Pi transport on [H2PO4-] (0.05-4.2 mM) at constant [HPO4-2] (0.5 mM), and the converse, [HPO4-2] (0.06-4.5 mM) at constant [H2PO4-] (0.5 mM), was evaluated. Ks (apparent half-saturation constant) and Jmax (maximal transport rate) were calculated by two methods: weighted linear regression (WLR) and a nonparametric procedure. The dependence of Pi flux on pH indicates that optimum transport occurs at pH 6.9. Pi transport decreases as pH is reduced when extracellular Pi is either 0.5 or 5 mM. However, at pH 7.9, Pi flux is reduced only in 0.5 mM Pi. At pH 5.6, H2PO4- comprises 93% of the total Pi present, and the calculated Ks is 0.055 ± 0.026 mM (WLR). This is the same as the Ks determined from the initial phase of the flux vs. [H2PO4-] relationship (0.056 ± 0.020 mM). However, at pH 7.9 (where 94% of Pi is HPO4-2), the measured Ks is 0.58 ± 0.11 mM (WLR), which is ten times higher than at pH 5.6. This value is also five times greater than the Ks calculated from the flux vs. [HPO4-2] curve (0.106 ± 0.16 mM). Kinetic parameters calculated by the nonparametric method, though somewhat different, gave similar relative results. Taken together, these results support two conclusions: (1) H2PO4- is the substrate for the Na+-dependent Pi transport system of the Ehrlich cell, and (2) H+ can inhibit Pi transport.
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