Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The effects of temperature, molecular weight and its distribution, side chain branching, and the structure of polymers on the elastic behavior of bulk homopolymers were investigated, by using logarithmic plots of first normal stress difference (N1) against shear stress (σ12) and logarithmic plots of storage modulus (G′) against loss modulus (G″). For the investigation, we have used data from the literature as well as our recent experimental results, covering a very wide range of temperature and shear stress or loss modulus. It has been found that such plots are very weakly sensitive to (or virtually independent of) temperature and to the molecular weight of high molecular weight polymers, but strongly dependent upon the molecular weight distribution and the degree of side chain branching. A theoretical interpretation of the observed correlations is presented, using molecular theories.
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