Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Clathrin-coated vesicles (CVs) were isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae by using procedures developed by Mueller and Branton . Triskelions were purified from this material by extraction of CVs to release clathrin and by subsequent fractionation on Sepharose CL-4B. Triskelions were composed of ∼ 180,000 Mr heavy chains and a single light-chain type of ∼ 38,000 Mr and were able to undergo self-assembly into polyhedral cages. Trypsin digestion of such reassembled cages showed a peptide pattern very similar to that obtained for mammalian clathrin with two fragments of 125,000 and 110,000 Mr, which represent the major portion of the heavy-chain arm, and a polypeptide of ∼ 43,000 Mr, which is the presumptive terminal domain.Eight monoclonal antibodies reacting with yeast clathrin heavy chains were produced. All eight bind to the major portion of the heavy-chain arm, and none bind to the terminal domain fragment. Peptide digestion experiments also indicated that at least three major regions on the arm are recognized by these antibodies. These will be useful in further structural and functional studies of clathrin from yeast.
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