Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The cytogenetic evolution of the prostatic adenocarcinoma cell line LNCaP was investigated during long term in vitro culture. Study of five different sublines demonstrated that the original karyotype was well preserved in all sublines, with respect to the chromosome number as well as to the primary markers. All sublines showed additional, subline specific secondary marker chromosomes. Comparison of these markers in androgen responsive and nonresponsive sublines showed rearrangement of the short arm of chromosome 8 in both unresponsive sublines. The breakpoints were in 8p21 and 8p23, respectively, resulting in deletion of the 8p23→pter region in both sublines. In contrast, the hormone responsive sublines did not show any aberrations in chromosome 8. Review of published karyotypes of patients and cell lines seems to support our finding of partial deletion of 8p in adrogen unresponsive prostate tumor cells.
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