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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-09-02
    Description: The evolution of the amniotic egg was one of the great evolutionary innovations in the history of life, freeing vertebrates from an obligatory connection to water and thus permitting the conquest of terrestrial environments. Among amniotes, genome sequences are available for mammals and birds, but not for non-avian reptiles. Here we report the genome sequence of the North American green anole lizard, Anolis carolinensis. We find that A. carolinensis microchromosomes are highly syntenic with chicken microchromosomes, yet do not exhibit the high GC and low repeat content that are characteristic of avian microchromosomes. Also, A. carolinensis mobile elements are very young and diverse-more so than in any other sequenced amniote genome. The GC content of this lizard genome is also unusual in its homogeneity, unlike the regionally variable GC content found in mammals and birds. We describe and assign sequence to the previously unknown A. carolinensis X chromosome. Comparative gene analysis shows that amniote egg proteins have evolved significantly more rapidly than other proteins. An anole phylogeny resolves basal branches to illuminate the history of their repeated adaptive radiations.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184186/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184186/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Alfoldi, Jessica -- Di Palma, Federica -- Grabherr, Manfred -- Williams, Christina -- Kong, Lesheng -- Mauceli, Evan -- Russell, Pamela -- Lowe, Craig B -- Glor, Richard E -- Jaffe, Jacob D -- Ray, David A -- Boissinot, Stephane -- Shedlock, Andrew M -- Botka, Christopher -- Castoe, Todd A -- Colbourne, John K -- Fujita, Matthew K -- Moreno, Ricardo Godinez -- ten Hallers, Boudewijn F -- Haussler, David -- Heger, Andreas -- Heiman, David -- Janes, Daniel E -- Johnson, Jeremy -- de Jong, Pieter J -- Koriabine, Maxim Y -- Lara, Marcia -- Novick, Peter A -- Organ, Chris L -- Peach, Sally E -- Poe, Steven -- Pollock, David D -- de Queiroz, Kevin -- Sanger, Thomas -- Searle, Steve -- Smith, Jeremy D -- Smith, Zachary -- Swofford, Ross -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- Wade, Juli -- Young, Sarah -- Zadissa, Amonida -- Edwards, Scott V -- Glenn, Travis C -- Schneider, Christopher J -- Losos, Jonathan B -- Lander, Eric S -- Breen, Matthew -- Ponting, Chris P -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- BB/F007590/1/Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council/United Kingdom -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067-08/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 31;477(7366):587-91. doi: 10.1038/nature10390.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. jalfoldi@broadinstitute.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21881562" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Birds/*genetics ; Chickens/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; GC Rich Sequence/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Humans ; Lizards/*genetics ; Mammals/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Synteny/genetics ; X Chromosome/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-01-29
    Description: The domestication of dogs was an important episode in the development of human civilization. The precise timing and location of this event is debated and little is known about the genetic changes that accompanied the transformation of ancient wolves into domestic dogs. Here we conduct whole-genome resequencing of dogs and wolves to identify 3.8 million genetic variants used to identify 36 genomic regions that probably represent targets for selection during dog domestication. Nineteen of these regions contain genes important in brain function, eight of which belong to nervous system development pathways and potentially underlie behavioural changes central to dog domestication. Ten genes with key roles in starch digestion and fat metabolism also show signals of selection. We identify candidate mutations in key genes and provide functional support for an increased starch digestion in dogs relative to wolves. Our results indicate that novel adaptations allowing the early ancestors of modern dogs to thrive on a diet rich in starch, relative to the carnivorous diet of wolves, constituted a crucial step in the early domestication of dogs.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Axelsson, Erik -- Ratnakumar, Abhirami -- Arendt, Maja-Louise -- Maqbool, Khurram -- Webster, Matthew T -- Perloski, Michele -- Liberg, Olof -- Arnemo, Jon M -- Hedhammar, Ake -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- England -- Nature. 2013 Mar 21;495(7441):360-4. doi: 10.1038/nature11837. Epub 2013 Jan 23.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, 75237 Uppsala, Sweden. Erik.Axelsson@imbim.uu.se〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23354050" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amylases/genetics ; Animals ; Animals, Domestic/*genetics ; Diet/*veterinary ; Dogs/*genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Glycogen Storage Disease Type II ; Mutation ; *Starch ; Wolves/genetics ; alpha-Glucosidases/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2014-09-05
    Description: Cichlid fishes are famous for large, diverse and replicated adaptive radiations in the Great Lakes of East Africa. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying cichlid phenotypic diversity, we sequenced the genomes and transcriptomes of five lineages of African cichlids: the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), an ancestral lineage with low diversity; and four members of the East African lineage: Neolamprologus brichardi/pulcher (older radiation, Lake Tanganyika), Metriaclima zebra (recent radiation, Lake Malawi), Pundamilia nyererei (very recent radiation, Lake Victoria), and Astatotilapia burtoni (riverine species around Lake Tanganyika). We found an excess of gene duplications in the East African lineage compared to tilapia and other teleosts, an abundance of non-coding element divergence, accelerated coding sequence evolution, expression divergence associated with transposable element insertions, and regulation by novel microRNAs. In addition, we analysed sequence data from sixty individuals representing six closely related species from Lake Victoria, and show genome-wide diversifying selection on coding and regulatory variants, some of which were recruited from ancient polymorphisms. We conclude that a number of molecular mechanisms shaped East African cichlid genomes, and that amassing of standing variation during periods of relaxed purifying selection may have been important in facilitating subsequent evolutionary diversification.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4353498/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4353498/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Brawand, David -- Wagner, Catherine E -- Li, Yang I -- Malinsky, Milan -- Keller, Irene -- Fan, Shaohua -- Simakov, Oleg -- Ng, Alvin Y -- Lim, Zhi Wei -- Bezault, Etienne -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Alcazar, Rosa -- Noh, Hyun Ji -- Russell, Pamela -- Aken, Bronwen -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Amemiya, Chris -- Azzouzi, Naoual -- Baroiller, Jean-Francois -- Barloy-Hubler, Frederique -- Berlin, Aaron -- Bloomquist, Ryan -- Carleton, Karen L -- Conte, Matthew A -- D'Cotta, Helena -- Eshel, Orly -- Gaffney, Leslie -- Galibert, Francis -- Gante, Hugo F -- Gnerre, Sante -- Greuter, Lucie -- Guyon, Richard -- Haddad, Natalie S -- Haerty, Wilfried -- Harris, Rayna M -- Hofmann, Hans A -- Hourlier, Thibaut -- Hulata, Gideon -- Jaffe, David B -- Lara, Marcia -- Lee, Alison P -- MacCallum, Iain -- Mwaiko, Salome -- Nikaido, Masato -- Nishihara, Hidenori -- Ozouf-Costaz, Catherine -- Penman, David J -- Przybylski, Dariusz -- Rakotomanga, Michaelle -- Renn, Suzy C P -- Ribeiro, Filipe J -- Ron, Micha -- Salzburger, Walter -- Sanchez-Pulido, Luis -- Santos, M Emilia -- Searle, Steve -- Sharpe, Ted -- Swofford, Ross -- Tan, Frederick J -- Williams, Louise -- Young, Sarah -- Yin, Shuangye -- Okada, Norihiro -- Kocher, Thomas D -- Miska, Eric A -- Lander, Eric S -- Venkatesh, Byrappa -- Fernald, Russell D -- Meyer, Axel -- Ponting, Chris P -- Streelman, J Todd -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Seehausen, Ole -- Di Palma, Federica -- 2R01DE019637-04/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS/ -- F30 DE023013/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS/ -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- R01 DE019637/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS034950/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG002045/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- England -- Nature. 2014 Sep 18;513(7518):375-81. doi: 10.1038/nature13726. Epub 2014 Sep 3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] MRC Functional Genomics Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QX, UK [3]. ; 1] Department of Fish Ecology and Evolution, Eawag Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Center for Ecology, Evolution &Biogeochemistry, CH-6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland [2] Division of Aquatic Ecology, Institute of Ecology &Evolution, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland [3]. ; 1] MRC Functional Genomics Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QX, UK [2]. ; 1] Gurdon Institute, Cambridge CB2 1QN, UK [2] Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton CB10 1SA, UK. ; Division of Aquatic Ecology, Institute of Ecology &Evolution, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland. ; Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany. ; 1] Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany [2] European Molecular Biology Laboratory, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany. ; Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A*STAR, 138673 Singapore. ; Department of Biology, Reed College, Portland, Oregon 97202, USA. ; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. ; Biology Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5020, USA. ; Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA. ; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton CB10 1SA, UK. ; Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA. ; Institut Genetique et Developpement, CNRS/University of Rennes, 35043 Rennes, France. ; CIRAD, Campus International de Baillarguet, TA B-110/A, 34398 Montpellier cedex 5, France. ; School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0230, USA. ; Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA. ; Animal Genetics, Institute of Animal Science, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, 50250 Israel. ; Zoological Institute, University of Basel, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland. ; 1] Department of Fish Ecology and Evolution, Eawag Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Center for Ecology, Evolution &Biogeochemistry, CH-6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland [2] Division of Aquatic Ecology, Institute of Ecology &Evolution, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland. ; MRC Functional Genomics Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QX, UK. ; Department of Integrative Biology, Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics; The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA. ; Department of Fish Ecology and Evolution, Eawag Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Center for Ecology, Evolution &Biogeochemistry, CH-6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland. ; Department of Biological Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, 226-8501 Yokohama, Japan. ; Systematique, Adaptation, Evolution, National Museum of Natural History, 75005 Paris, France. ; Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK. ; Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Embryology, 3520 San Martin Drive Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA. ; 1] Department of Biological Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, 226-8501 Yokohama, Japan [2] National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City, 704 Taiwan. ; Gurdon Institute, Cambridge CB2 1QN, UK. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, 751 23 Uppsala, Sweden. ; 1] Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA [2] Vertebrate and Health Genomics, The Genome Analysis Centre, Norwich NR18 7UH, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25186727" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Africa, Eastern ; Animals ; Cichlids/*classification/*genetics ; DNA Transposable Elements/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Gene Duplication/genetics ; Gene Expression Regulation/genetics ; *Genetic Speciation ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Lakes ; MicroRNAs/genetics ; Phylogeny ; Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2012-04-07
    Description: Marine stickleback fish have colonized and adapted to thousands of streams and lakes formed since the last ice age, providing an exceptional opportunity to characterize genomic mechanisms underlying repeated ecological adaptation in nature. Here we develop a high-quality reference genome assembly for threespine sticklebacks. By sequencing the genomes of twenty additional individuals from a global set of marine and freshwater populations, we identify a genome-wide set of loci that are consistently associated with marine-freshwater divergence. Our results indicate that reuse of globally shared standing genetic variation, including chromosomal inversions, has an important role in repeated evolution of distinct marine and freshwater sticklebacks, and in the maintenance of divergent ecotypes during early stages of reproductive isolation. Both coding and regulatory changes occur in the set of loci underlying marine-freshwater evolution, but regulatory changes appear to predominate in this well known example of repeated adaptive evolution in nature.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3322419/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Jones, Felicity C -- Grabherr, Manfred G -- Chan, Yingguang Frank -- Russell, Pamela -- Mauceli, Evan -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Swofford, Ross -- Pirun, Mono -- Zody, Michael C -- White, Simon -- Birney, Ewan -- Searle, Stephen -- Schmutz, Jeremy -- Grimwood, Jane -- Dickson, Mark C -- Myers, Richard M -- Miller, Craig T -- Summers, Brian R -- Knecht, Anne K -- Brady, Shannon D -- Zhang, Haili -- Pollen, Alex A -- Howes, Timothy -- Amemiya, Chris -- Broad Institute Genome Sequencing Platform & Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Jaffe, David B -- Nicol, Robert -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Lander, Eric S -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Kingsley, David M -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- P50 HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568-09S1/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50-HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Apr 4;484(7392):55-61. doi: 10.1038/nature10944.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center B300, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford California 94305, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22481358" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adaptation, Physiological/*genetics ; Alaska ; Animals ; Aquatic Organisms/genetics ; *Biological Evolution ; Chromosome Inversion/genetics ; Chromosomes/genetics ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Ecotype ; Female ; Fresh Water ; Genetic Variation/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Seawater ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Smegmamorpha/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-04-20
    Description: The discovery of a living coelacanth specimen in 1938 was remarkable, as this lineage of lobe-finned fish was thought to have become extinct 70 million years ago. The modern coelacanth looks remarkably similar to many of its ancient relatives, and its evolutionary proximity to our own fish ancestors provides a glimpse of the fish that first walked on land. Here we report the genome sequence of the African coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae. Through a phylogenomic analysis, we conclude that the lungfish, and not the coelacanth, is the closest living relative of tetrapods. Coelacanth protein-coding genes are significantly more slowly evolving than those of tetrapods, unlike other genomic features. Analyses of changes in genes and regulatory elements during the vertebrate adaptation to land highlight genes involved in immunity, nitrogen excretion and the development of fins, tail, ear, eye, brain and olfaction. Functional assays of enhancers involved in the fin-to-limb transition and in the emergence of extra-embryonic tissues show the importance of the coelacanth genome as a blueprint for understanding tetrapod evolution.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633110/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633110/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Amemiya, Chris T -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Lee, Alison P -- Fan, Shaohua -- Philippe, Herve -- Maccallum, Iain -- Braasch, Ingo -- Manousaki, Tereza -- Schneider, Igor -- Rohner, Nicolas -- Organ, Chris -- Chalopin, Domitille -- Smith, Jeramiah J -- Robinson, Mark -- Dorrington, Rosemary A -- Gerdol, Marco -- Aken, Bronwen -- Biscotti, Maria Assunta -- Barucca, Marco -- Baurain, Denis -- Berlin, Aaron M -- Blatch, Gregory L -- Buonocore, Francesco -- Burmester, Thorsten -- Campbell, Michael S -- Canapa, Adriana -- Cannon, John P -- Christoffels, Alan -- De Moro, Gianluca -- Edkins, Adrienne L -- Fan, Lin -- Fausto, Anna Maria -- Feiner, Nathalie -- Forconi, Mariko -- Gamieldien, Junaid -- Gnerre, Sante -- Gnirke, Andreas -- Goldstone, Jared V -- Haerty, Wilfried -- Hahn, Mark E -- Hesse, Uljana -- Hoffmann, Steve -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Karchner, Sibel I -- Kuraku, Shigehiro -- Lara, Marcia -- Levin, Joshua Z -- Litman, Gary W -- Mauceli, Evan -- Miyake, Tsutomu -- Mueller, M Gail -- Nelson, David R -- Nitsche, Anne -- Olmo, Ettore -- Ota, Tatsuya -- Pallavicini, Alberto -- Panji, Sumir -- Picone, Barbara -- Ponting, Chris P -- Prohaska, Sonja J -- Przybylski, Dariusz -- Saha, Nil Ratan -- Ravi, Vydianathan -- Ribeiro, Filipe J -- Sauka-Spengler, Tatjana -- Scapigliati, Giuseppe -- Searle, Stephen M J -- Sharpe, Ted -- Simakov, Oleg -- Stadler, Peter F -- Stegeman, John J -- Sumiyama, Kenta -- Tabbaa, Diana -- Tafer, Hakim -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- van Heusden, Peter -- White, Simon -- Williams, Louise -- Yandell, Mark -- Brinkmann, Henner -- Volff, Jean-Nicolas -- Tabin, Clifford J -- Shubin, Neil -- Schartl, Manfred -- Jaffe, David B -- Postlethwait, John H -- Venkatesh, Byrappa -- Di Palma, Federica -- Lander, Eric S -- Meyer, Axel -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- MC_U137761446/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- P42 ES007381/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- R01 ES006272/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 OD011116/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 OD011199/OD/NIH HHS/ -- R24 RR032670/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- R37 HD032443/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2013 Apr 18;496(7445):311-6. doi: 10.1038/nature12027.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Molecular Genetics Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA. camemiya@benaroyaresearch.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23598338" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Genetically Modified ; *Biological Evolution ; Chick Embryo ; Conserved Sequence/genetics ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic/genetics ; Evolution, Molecular ; Extremities/anatomy & histology/growth & development ; Fishes/anatomy & histology/*classification/*genetics/physiology ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genomics ; Immunoglobulin M/genetics ; Mice ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Vertebrates/anatomy & histology/genetics/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-10-14
    Description: The comparison of related genomes has emerged as a powerful lens for genome interpretation. Here we report the sequencing and comparative analysis of 29 eutherian genomes. We confirm that at least 5.5% of the human genome has undergone purifying selection, and locate constrained elements covering approximately 4.2% of the genome. We use evolutionary signatures and comparisons with experimental data sets to suggest candidate functions for approximately 60% of constrained bases. These elements reveal a small number of new coding exons, candidate stop codon readthrough events and over 10,000 regions of overlapping synonymous constraint within protein-coding exons. We find 220 candidate RNA structural families, and nearly a million elements overlapping potential promoter, enhancer and insulator regions. We report specific amino acid residues that have undergone positive selection, 280,000 non-coding elements exapted from mobile elements and more than 1,000 primate- and human-accelerated elements. Overlap with disease-associated variants indicates that our findings will be relevant for studies of human biology, health and disease.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3207357/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3207357/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Garber, Manuel -- Zuk, Or -- Lin, Michael F -- Parker, Brian J -- Washietl, Stefan -- Kheradpour, Pouya -- Ernst, Jason -- Jordan, Gregory -- Mauceli, Evan -- Ward, Lucas D -- Lowe, Craig B -- Holloway, Alisha K -- Clamp, Michele -- Gnerre, Sante -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Beal, Kathryn -- Chang, Jean -- Clawson, Hiram -- Cuff, James -- Di Palma, Federica -- Fitzgerald, Stephen -- Flicek, Paul -- Guttman, Mitchell -- Hubisz, Melissa J -- Jaffe, David B -- Jungreis, Irwin -- Kent, W James -- Kostka, Dennis -- Lara, Marcia -- Martins, Andre L -- Massingham, Tim -- Moltke, Ida -- Raney, Brian J -- Rasmussen, Matthew D -- Robinson, Jim -- Stark, Alexander -- Vilella, Albert J -- Wen, Jiayu -- Xie, Xiaohui -- Zody, Michael C -- Broad Institute Sequencing Platform and Whole Genome Assembly Team -- Baldwin, Jen -- Bloom, Toby -- Chin, Chee Whye -- Heiman, Dave -- Nicol, Robert -- Nusbaum, Chad -- Young, Sarah -- Wilkinson, Jane -- Worley, Kim C -- Kovar, Christie L -- Muzny, Donna M -- Gibbs, Richard A -- Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center Sequencing Team -- Cree, Andrew -- Dihn, Huyen H -- Fowler, Gerald -- Jhangiani, Shalili -- Joshi, Vandita -- Lee, Sandra -- Lewis, Lora R -- Nazareth, Lynne V -- Okwuonu, Geoffrey -- Santibanez, Jireh -- Warren, Wesley C -- Mardis, Elaine R -- Weinstock, George M -- Wilson, Richard K -- Genome Institute at Washington University -- Delehaunty, Kim -- Dooling, David -- Fronik, Catrina -- Fulton, Lucinda -- Fulton, Bob -- Graves, Tina -- Minx, Patrick -- Sodergren, Erica -- Birney, Ewan -- Margulies, Elliott H -- Herrero, Javier -- Green, Eric D -- Haussler, David -- Siepel, Adam -- Goldman, Nick -- Pollard, Katherine S -- Pedersen, Jakob S -- Lander, Eric S -- Kellis, Manolis -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- GM82901/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG003474/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG004037/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067-09/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003273/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Oct 12;478(7370):476-82. doi: 10.1038/nature10530.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA. kersli@broadinstitute.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21993624" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Disease ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Exons/genetics ; Genome/*genetics ; Genome, Human/*genetics ; Genomics ; Health ; Humans ; Mammals/*genetics ; Molecular Sequence Annotation ; Phylogeny ; RNA/classification/genetics ; Selection, Genetic/genetics ; Sequence Alignment ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-20
    Description: The gain, loss, and modification of gene regulatory elements may underlie a substantial proportion of phenotypic changes on animal lineages. To investigate the gain of regulatory elements throughout vertebrate evolution, we identified genome-wide sets of putative regulatory regions for five vertebrates, including humans. These putative regulatory regions are conserved nonexonic elements (CNEEs), which are evolutionarily conserved yet do not overlap any coding or noncoding mature transcript. We then inferred the branch on which each CNEE came under selective constraint. Our analysis identified three extended periods in the evolution of gene regulatory elements. Early vertebrate evolution was characterized by regulatory gains near transcription factors and developmental genes, but this trend was replaced by innovations near extracellular signaling genes, and then innovations near posttranslational protein modifiers.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3511857/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3511857/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Lowe, Craig B -- Kellis, Manolis -- Siepel, Adam -- Raney, Brian J -- Clamp, Michele -- Salama, Sofie R -- Kingsley, David M -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Haussler, David -- 1U01-HG004695/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- 5P41-HG002371/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P41 HG002371/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50 HG002568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- P50-HG02568/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01 HG004037/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- R01-HG004037/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U01 HG004695/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- U54-HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Aug 19;333(6045):1019-24. doi: 10.1126/science.1202702.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21852499" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Biological Evolution ; Cattle ; *Conserved Sequence ; DNA, Intergenic/genetics ; *Evolution, Molecular ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Genes, Developmental ; Genome ; Humans ; Markov Chains ; Mice ; Oryzias/genetics ; Phylogeny ; Protein Processing, Post-Translational/genetics ; *Regulatory Elements, Transcriptional ; *Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid ; Selection, Genetic ; Sequence Alignment ; Smegmamorpha/genetics ; Transcription Factors/genetics ; Vertebrates/*genetics
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2014-08-30
    Description: The genetic changes underlying the initial steps of animal domestication are still poorly understood. We generated a high-quality reference genome for the rabbit and compared it to resequencing data from populations of wild and domestic rabbits. We identified more than 100 selective sweeps specific to domestic rabbits but only a relatively small number of fixed (or nearly fixed) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for derived alleles. SNPs with marked allele frequency differences between wild and domestic rabbits were enriched for conserved noncoding sites. Enrichment analyses suggest that genes affecting brain and neuronal development have often been targeted during domestication. We propose that because of a truly complex genetic background, tame behavior in rabbits and other domestic animals evolved by shifts in allele frequencies at many loci, rather than by critical changes at only a few domestication loci.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Carneiro, Miguel -- Rubin, Carl-Johan -- Di Palma, Federica -- Albert, Frank W -- Alfoldi, Jessica -- Barrio, Alvaro Martinez -- Pielberg, Gerli -- Rafati, Nima -- Sayyab, Shumaila -- Turner-Maier, Jason -- Younis, Shady -- Afonso, Sandra -- Aken, Bronwen -- Alves, Joel M -- Barrell, Daniel -- Bolet, Gerard -- Boucher, Samuel -- Burbano, Hernan A -- Campos, Rita -- Chang, Jean L -- Duranthon, Veronique -- Fontanesi, Luca -- Garreau, Herve -- Heiman, David -- Johnson, Jeremy -- Mage, Rose G -- Peng, Ze -- Queney, Guillaume -- Rogel-Gaillard, Claire -- Ruffier, Magali -- Searle, Steve -- Villafuerte, Rafael -- Xiong, Anqi -- Young, Sarah -- Forsberg-Nilsson, Karin -- Good, Jeffrey M -- Lander, Eric S -- Ferrand, Nuno -- Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin -- Andersson, Leif -- 095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- U54 HG003067/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/ -- WT095908/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- WT098051/Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- Intramural NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2014 Aug 29;345(6200):1074-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1253714.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉CIBIO/InBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrario de Vairao, Universidade do Porto, 4485-661, Vairao, Portugal. ; Science for Life Laboratory Uppsala, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. ; Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Vertebrate and Health Genomics, The Genome Analysis Centre, Norwich, UK. ; Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. ; Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. ; Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. ; Science for Life Laboratory Uppsala, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Department of Animal Production, Ain Shams University, Shoubra El-Kheima, Cairo, Egypt. ; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, UK. European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SD, UK. ; CIBIO/InBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrario de Vairao, Universidade do Porto, 4485-661, Vairao, Portugal. Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EH, UK. ; Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), UMR1388 Genetique, Physiologie et Systemes d'Elevage, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France. ; Labovet Conseil, BP539, 85505 Les Herbiers Cedex, France. ; INRA, UMR1198 Biologie du Developpement et Reproduction, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France. ; Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Division of Animal Sciences, University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy. ; Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. ; U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598, USA. ; ANTAGENE, Animal Genomics Laboratory, Lyon, France. ; INRA, UMR1313 Genetique Animale et Biologie Integrative, F- 78350, Jouy-en-Josas, France. ; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, UK. ; Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados, (IESA-CSIC) Campo Santo de los Martires 7, Cordoba, Spain. ; Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. ; Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA. ; CIBIO/InBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrario de Vairao, Universidade do Porto, 4485-661, Vairao, Portugal. Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre sn. 4169-007 Porto, Portugal. ; Science for Life Laboratory Uppsala, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Broad Institute of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 7 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. kersli@broadinstitute.org leif.andersson@imbim.uu.se. ; Science for Life Laboratory Uppsala, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4458, USA. kersli@broadinstitute.org leif.andersson@imbim.uu.se.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25170157" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Domestic/anatomy & histology/*genetics/psychology ; Animals, Wild/anatomy & histology/*genetics/psychology ; Base Sequence ; Behavior, Animal ; Breeding ; Evolution, Molecular ; Gene Frequency ; Genetic Loci ; Genome/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phenotype ; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide ; Rabbits/anatomy & histology/*genetics/psychology ; Selection, Genetic ; Sequence Analysis, DNA
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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