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  • 1
    Abstract: Current therapies for medulloblastoma, a highly malignant childhood brain tumour, impose debilitating effects on the developing child, and highlight the need for molecularly targeted treatments with reduced toxicity. Previous studies have been unable to identify the full spectrum of driver genes and molecular processes that operate in medulloblastoma subgroups. Here we analyse the somatic landscape across 491 sequenced medulloblastoma samples and the molecular heterogeneity among 1,256 epigenetically analysed cases, and identify subgroup-specific driver alterations that include previously undiscovered actionable targets. Driver mutations were confidently assigned to most patients belonging to Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma subgroups, greatly enhancing previous knowledge. New molecular subtypes were differentially enriched for specific driver events, including hotspot in-frame insertions that target KBTBD4 and 'enhancer hijacking' events that activate PRDM6. Thus, the application of integrative genomics to an extensive cohort of clinical samples derived from a single childhood cancer entity revealed a series of cancer genes and biologically relevant subtype diversity that represent attractive therapeutic targets for the treatment of patients with medulloblastoma.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 28726821
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-11-27
    Description: Interpretation of an individual functional genomics experiment guided by massive public data Interpretation of an individual functional genomics experiment guided by massive public data, Published online: 26 November 2018; doi:10.1038/s41592-018-0218-5 YETI puts individual -omics experiments in the context of public genomics data by creating an integrated dataset-specific functional network, thus allowing more thorough interpretation of the data.
    Print ISSN: 1548-7091
    Electronic ISSN: 1548-7105
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2012-03-20
    Description: Targeted therapies have demonstrated efficacy against specific subsets of molecularly defined cancers. Although most patients with lung cancer are stratified according to a single oncogenic driver, cancers harbouring identical activating genetic mutations show large variations in their responses to the same targeted therapy. The biology underlying this heterogeneity is not well understood, and the impact of co-existing genetic mutations, especially the loss of tumour suppressors, has not been fully explored. Here we use genetically engineered mouse models to conduct a 'co-clinical' trial that mirrors an ongoing human clinical trial in patients with KRAS-mutant lung cancers. This trial aims to determine if the MEK inhibitor selumetinib (AZD6244) increases the efficacy of docetaxel, a standard of care chemotherapy. Our studies demonstrate that concomitant loss of either p53 (also known as Tp53) or Lkb1 (also known as Stk11), two clinically relevant tumour suppressors, markedly impaired the response of Kras-mutant cancers to docetaxel monotherapy. We observed that the addition of selumetinib provided substantial benefit for mice with lung cancer caused by Kras and Kras and p53 mutations, but mice with Kras and Lkb1 mutations had primary resistance to this combination therapy. Pharmacodynamic studies, including positron-emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT), identified biological markers in mice and patients that provide a rationale for the differential efficacy of these therapies in the different genotypes. These co-clinical results identify predictive genetic biomarkers that should be validated by interrogating samples from patients enrolled on the concurrent clinical trial. These studies also highlight the rationale for synchronous co-clinical trials, not only to anticipate the results of ongoing human clinical trials, but also to generate clinically relevant hypotheses that can inform the analysis and design of human studies.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3385933/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3385933/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Chen, Zhao -- Cheng, Katherine -- Walton, Zandra -- Wang, Yuchuan -- Ebi, Hiromichi -- Shimamura, Takeshi -- Liu, Yan -- Tupper, Tanya -- Ouyang, Jing -- Li, Jie -- Gao, Peng -- Woo, Michele S -- Xu, Chunxiao -- Yanagita, Masahiko -- Altabef, Abigail -- Wang, Shumei -- Lee, Charles -- Nakada, Yuji -- Pena, Christopher G -- Sun, Yanping -- Franchetti, Yoko -- Yao, Catherine -- Saur, Amy -- Cameron, Michael D -- Nishino, Mizuki -- Hayes, D Neil -- Wilkerson, Matthew D -- Roberts, Patrick J -- Lee, Carrie B -- Bardeesy, Nabeel -- Butaney, Mohit -- Chirieac, Lucian R -- Costa, Daniel B -- Jackman, David -- Sharpless, Norman E -- Castrillon, Diego H -- Demetri, George D -- Janne, Pasi A -- Pandolfi, Pier Paolo -- Cantley, Lewis C -- Kung, Andrew L -- Engelman, Jeffrey A -- Wong, Kwok-Kin -- 1U01CA141576/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA122794/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA137008/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA137008-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA137181/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA140594/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA147940/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- K23 CA157631/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01 CA120964/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P30 CA016086/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA090578/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50 CA090578-06/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50CA090578/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA122794/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA122794-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA137008/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA137008-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA137181/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA137181-01A2/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA140594/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA140594-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA163896/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- RC2 CA147940/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- RC2 CA147940-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01 CA141576/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- U01 CA141576-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Mar 18;483(7391):613-7. doi: 10.1038/nature10937.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22425996" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols ; Benzimidazoles/*pharmacology/therapeutic use ; Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics/metabolism ; *Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic ; *Disease Models, Animal ; Drug Evaluation, Preclinical ; Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 ; Genes, p53/genetics ; Humans ; Lung Neoplasms/*drug therapy/enzymology/*genetics/metabolism ; MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects ; Mice ; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors ; Mutation/genetics ; Pharmacogenetics/*methods ; Positron-Emission Tomography ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/deficiency/genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics/metabolism ; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic ; Reproducibility of Results ; Taxoids/*therapeutic use ; Tomography, X-Ray Computed ; Treatment Outcome ; ras Proteins/genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2015-11-19
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Saha, Supriya K -- Parachoniak, Christine A -- Ghanta, Krishna S -- Fitamant, Julien -- Ross, Kenneth N -- Najem, Mortada S -- Gurumurthy, Sushma -- Akbay, Esra A -- Sia, Daniela -- Cornella, Helena -- Miltiadous, Oriana -- Walesky, Chad -- Deshpande, Vikram -- Zhu, Andrew X -- Hezel, Aram F -- Yen, Katharine E -- Straley, Kimberly S -- Travins, Jeremy -- Popovici-Muller, Janeta -- Gliser, Camelia -- Ferrone, Cristina R -- Apte, Udayan -- Llovet, Josep M -- Wong, Kwok-Kin -- Ramaswamy, Sridhar -- Bardeesy, Nabeel -- England -- Nature. 2015 Dec 3;528(7580):152. doi: 10.1038/nature16136. Epub 2015 Nov 18.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26580013" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2015-09-10
    Description: Somaclonal variation arises in plants and animals when differentiated somatic cells are induced into a pluripotent state, but the resulting clones differ from each other and from their parents. In agriculture, somaclonal variation has hindered the micropropagation of elite hybrids and genetically modified crops, but the mechanism responsible remains unknown. The oil palm fruit 'mantled' abnormality is a somaclonal variant arising from tissue culture that drastically reduces yield, and has largely halted efforts to clone elite hybrids for oil production. Widely regarded as an epigenetic phenomenon, 'mantling' has defied explanation, but here we identify the MANTLED locus using epigenome-wide association studies of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis. DNA hypomethylation of a LINE retrotransposon related to rice Karma, in the intron of the homeotic gene DEFICIENS, is common to all mantled clones and is associated with alternative splicing and premature termination. Dense methylation near the Karma splice site (termed the Good Karma epiallele) predicts normal fruit set, whereas hypomethylation (the Bad Karma epiallele) predicts homeotic transformation, parthenocarpy and marked loss of yield. Loss of Karma methylation and of small RNA in tissue culture contributes to the origin of mantled, while restoration in spontaneous revertants accounts for non-Mendelian inheritance. The ability to predict and cull mantling at the plantlet stage will facilitate the introduction of higher performing clones and optimize environmentally sensitive land resources.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ong-Abdullah, Meilina -- Ordway, Jared M -- Jiang, Nan -- Ooi, Siew-Eng -- Kok, Sau-Yee -- Sarpan, Norashikin -- Azimi, Nuraziyan -- Hashim, Ahmad Tarmizi -- Ishak, Zamzuri -- Rosli, Samsul Kamal -- Malike, Fadila Ahmad -- Bakar, Nor Azwani Abu -- Marjuni, Marhalil -- Abdullah, Norziha -- Yaakub, Zulkifli -- Amiruddin, Mohd Din -- Nookiah, Rajanaidu -- Singh, Rajinder -- Low, Eng-Ti Leslie -- Chan, Kuang-Lim -- Azizi, Norazah -- Smith, Steven W -- Bacher, Blaire -- Budiman, Muhammad A -- Van Brunt, Andrew -- Wischmeyer, Corey -- Beil, Melissa -- Hogan, Michael -- Lakey, Nathan -- Lim, Chin-Ching -- Arulandoo, Xaviar -- Wong, Choo-Kien -- Choo, Chin-Nee -- Wong, Wei-Chee -- Kwan, Yen-Yen -- Alwee, Sharifah Shahrul Rabiah Syed -- Sambanthamurthi, Ravigadevi -- Martienssen, Robert A -- R01 GM067014/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Sep 24;525(7570):533-7. doi: 10.1038/nature15365. Epub 2015 Sep 9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. ; Orion Genomics, 4041 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA. ; United Plantations Berhad, Jendarata Estate, 36009 Teluk Intan, Perak, Malaysia. ; Applied Agricultural Resources Sdn Bhd, No. 11, Jalan Teknologi 3/6, Taman Sains Selangor 1, 47810 Kota Damansara, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. ; FELDA Global Ventures R&D Sdn Bhd, c/o FELDA Biotechnology Centre, PT 23417, Lengkuk Teknologi, 71760 Bandar Enstek, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ; Howard Hughes Medical Institute-Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26352475" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; Alternative Splicing/genetics ; Arecaceae/*genetics/metabolism ; *DNA Methylation ; Epigenesis, Genetic/*genetics ; *Epigenomics ; Fruit/genetics ; Genes, Homeobox/genetics ; Genetic Association Studies ; Genome, Plant/*genetics ; Introns/genetics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; *Phenotype ; Plant Oils/analysis/metabolism ; RNA Splice Sites/genetics ; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics ; Retroelements/*genetics
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    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: Treatments for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc thinning and perforation, conditions prevalent in TMJ pathologies, are palliative but not reparative. To address this, scaffold-free tissue-engineered implants were created using allogeneic, passaged costal chondrocytes. A combination of compressive and bioactive stimulation regimens produced implants with mechanical properties akin to those of the native disc. Efficacy in repairing disc thinning was examined in minipigs. Compared to empty controls, treatment with tissue-engineered implants restored disc integrity by inducing 4.4 times more complete defect closure, formed 3.4-fold stiffer repair tissue, and promoted 3.2-fold stiffer intralaminar fusion. The osteoarthritis score (indicative of degenerative changes) of the untreated group was 3.0-fold of the implant-treated group. This tissue engineering strategy paves the way for developing tissue-engineered implants as clinical treatments for TMJ disc thinning.
    Print ISSN: 1946-6234
    Electronic ISSN: 1946-6242
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Mayfield, Stephen -- Wong, P K -- England -- Nature. 2011 Aug 24;476(7361):402-3. doi: 10.1038/476402a.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21866147" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biocatalysis ; Biochemical Processes ; Bioengineering/*methods ; Biofuels/*supply & distribution ; Biomass ; *Catalysis ; Chemical Engineering/*methods ; Conservation of Energy Resources/*methods ; Lignin/chemistry/metabolism ; Photosynthesis ; Saccharum/chemistry/metabolism ; Temperature ; Zea mays/chemistry/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2012-09-11
    Description: The RV144 trial demonstrated 31% vaccine efficacy at preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection. Antibodies against the HIV-1 envelope variable loops 1 and 2 (Env V1 and V2) correlated inversely with infection risk. We proposed that vaccine-induced immune responses against V1/V2 would have a selective effect against, or sieve, HIV-1 breakthrough viruses. A total of 936 HIV-1 genome sequences from 44 vaccine and 66 placebo recipients were examined. We show that vaccine-induced immune responses were associated with two signatures in V2 at amino acid positions 169 and 181. Vaccine efficacy against viruses matching the vaccine at position 169 was 48% (confidence interval 18% to 66%; P = 0.0036), whereas vaccine efficacy against viruses mismatching the vaccine at position 181 was 78% (confidence interval 35% to 93%; P = 0.0028). Residue 169 is in a cationic glycosylated region recognized by broadly neutralizing and RV144-derived antibodies. The predicted distance between the two signature sites (21 +/- 7 A) and their match/mismatch dichotomy indicate that multiple factors may be involved in the protection observed in RV144. Genetic signatures of RV144 vaccination in V2 complement the finding of an association between high V1/V2-binding antibodies and reduced risk of HIV-1 acquisition, and provide evidence that vaccine-induced V2 responses plausibly had a role in the partial protection conferred by the RV144 regimen.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3551291/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3551291/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Rolland, Morgane -- Edlefsen, Paul T -- Larsen, Brendan B -- Tovanabutra, Sodsai -- Sanders-Buell, Eric -- Hertz, Tomer -- deCamp, Allan C -- Carrico, Chris -- Menis, Sergey -- Magaret, Craig A -- Ahmed, Hasan -- Juraska, Michal -- Chen, Lennie -- Konopa, Philip -- Nariya, Snehal -- Stoddard, Julia N -- Wong, Kim -- Zhao, Hong -- Deng, Wenjie -- Maust, Brandon S -- Bose, Meera -- Howell, Shana -- Bates, Adam -- Lazzaro, Michelle -- O'Sullivan, Annemarie -- Lei, Esther -- Bradfield, Andrea -- Ibitamuno, Grace -- Assawadarachai, Vatcharain -- O'Connell, Robert J -- deSouza, Mark S -- Nitayaphan, Sorachai -- Rerks-Ngarm, Supachai -- Robb, Merlin L -- McLellan, Jason S -- Georgiev, Ivelin -- Kwong, Peter D -- Carlson, Jonathan M -- Michael, Nelson L -- Schief, William R -- Gilbert, Peter B -- Mullins, James I -- Kim, Jerome H -- 2R37AI05465-10/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- K25 AI087397/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI054165/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R37 AI054165/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- UM1 AI068635/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Y01 AI2642-12/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Y1-AI-2642-12/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2012 Oct 18;490(7420):417-20. doi: 10.1038/nature11519. Epub 2012 Sep 10.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉US Military HIV Research Program, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA. mrolland@hivresearch.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22960785" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: AIDS Vaccines/adverse effects/*immunology ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease ; HIV Antibodies/immunology ; HIV Infections/immunology/*prevention & control/*virology ; HIV-1/*genetics/*immunology ; Humans ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Phylogeny ; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus/*genetics/*immunology
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    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2014-04-18
    Description: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by phagocytes are essential for host defence against bacterial and fungal infections. Individuals with defective ROS production machinery develop chronic granulomatous disease. Conversely, excessive ROS can cause collateral tissue damage during inflammatory processes and therefore needs to be tightly regulated. Here we describe a protein, we termed negative regulator of ROS (NRROS), which limits ROS generation by phagocytes during inflammatory responses. NRROS expression in phagocytes can be repressed by inflammatory signals. NRROS-deficient phagocytes produce increased ROS upon inflammatory challenges, and mice lacking NRROS in their phagocytes show enhanced bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes. Conversely, these mice develop severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis owing to oxidative tissue damage in the central nervous system. Mechanistically, NRROS is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum, where it directly interacts with nascent NOX2 (also known as gp91(phox) and encoded by Cybb) monomer, one of the membrane-bound subunits of the NADPH oxidase complex, and facilitates the degradation of NOX2 through the endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation pathway. Thus, NRROS provides a hitherto undefined mechanism for regulating ROS production--one that enables phagocytes to produce higher amounts of ROS, if required to control invading pathogens, while minimizing unwanted collateral tissue damage.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Noubade, Rajkumar -- Wong, Kit -- Ota, Naruhisa -- Rutz, Sascha -- Eidenschenk, Celine -- Valdez, Patricia A -- Ding, Jiabing -- Peng, Ivan -- Sebrell, Andrew -- Caplazi, Patrick -- DeVoss, Jason -- Soriano, Robert H -- Sai, Tao -- Lu, Rongze -- Modrusan, Zora -- Hackney, Jason -- Ouyang, Wenjun -- England -- Nature. 2014 May 8;509(7499):235-9. doi: 10.1038/nature13152. Epub 2014 Apr 13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Department of Immunology, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA [2] Flexus Biosciences, 75 Shoreway Road, Suite D, San Carlos, California 94070, USA (R.N.); American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 11200 Rockville Pike, Suite 302, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA (P.A.V.). ; Department of Immunology, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA. ; Department of Antibody Engineering, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA. ; Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA. ; Department of Bioinformatics, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24739962" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Autoimmunity/genetics ; Bone Marrow Cells/cytology ; Central Nervous System/metabolism/pathology ; Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/*immunology/*metabolism/pathology ; Endoplasmic Reticulum/enzymology/metabolism ; Escherichia coli/*immunology ; Female ; Inflammation/immunology/metabolism/pathology ; Listeria monocytogenes/*immunology ; Macrophages/cytology/enzymology/immunology/metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; NADPH Oxidase/metabolism ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Oxidative Stress ; Phagocytes/cytology/immunology/metabolism ; Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Reactive Oxygen Species/*antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2014-07-22
    Description: Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 are among the most common genetic alterations in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC), a deadly liver cancer. Mutant IDH proteins in IHCC and other malignancies acquire an abnormal enzymatic activity allowing them to convert alpha-ketoglutarate (alphaKG) to 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), which inhibits the activity of multiple alphaKG-dependent dioxygenases, and results in alterations in cell differentiation, survival, and extracellular matrix maturation. However, the molecular pathways by which IDH mutations lead to tumour formation remain unclear. Here we show that mutant IDH blocks liver progenitor cells from undergoing hepatocyte differentiation through the production of 2HG and suppression of HNF-4alpha, a master regulator of hepatocyte identity and quiescence. Correspondingly, genetically engineered mouse models expressing mutant IDH in the adult liver show an aberrant response to hepatic injury, characterized by HNF-4alpha silencing, impaired hepatocyte differentiation, and markedly elevated levels of cell proliferation. Moreover, IDH and Kras mutations, genetic alterations that co-exist in a subset of human IHCCs, cooperate to drive the expansion of liver progenitor cells, development of premalignant biliary lesions, and progression to metastatic IHCC. These studies provide a functional link between IDH mutations, hepatic cell fate, and IHCC pathogenesis, and present a novel genetically engineered mouse model of IDH-driven malignancy.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4499230/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4499230/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Saha, Supriya K -- Parachoniak, Christine A -- Ghanta, Krishna S -- Fitamant, Julien -- Ross, Kenneth N -- Najem, Mortada S -- Gurumurthy, Sushma -- Akbay, Esra A -- Sia, Daniela -- Cornella, Helena -- Miltiadous, Oriana -- Walesky, Chad -- Deshpande, Vikram -- Zhu, Andrew X -- Hezel, Aram F -- Yen, Katharine E -- Straley, Kimberly S -- Travins, Jeremy -- Popovici-Muller, Janeta -- Gliser, Camelia -- Ferrone, Cristina R -- Apte, Udayan -- Llovet, Josep M -- Wong, Kwok-Kin -- Ramaswamy, Sridhar -- Bardeesy, Nabeel -- P50 CA127003/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50CA1270003/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA136567/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK098414/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01CA136567-02/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- England -- Nature. 2014 Sep 4;513(7516):110-4. doi: 10.1038/nature13441. Epub 2014 Jul 2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉1] Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA [2]. ; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. ; 1] HCC Translational Research Laboratory, Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer Group, Liver Unit, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Catalonia 08036, Spain [2] Mount Sinai Liver Cancer Program, Division of Liver Diseases, Dept of Medicine. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York 10029, USA [3] Gastrointestinal Surgery and Liver Transplantation Unit, National Cancer Institute, and Department of Experimental Oncology, Milan 20133, Italy. ; HCC Translational Research Laboratory, Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer Group, Liver Unit, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Catalonia 08036, Spain. ; Mount Sinai Liver Cancer Program, Division of Liver Diseases, Dept of Medicine. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York 10029, USA. ; Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA. ; University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA. ; Agios Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. ; 1] HCC Translational Research Laboratory, Barcelona-Clinic Liver Cancer Group, Liver Unit, Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Catalonia 08036, Spain [2] Mount Sinai Liver Cancer Program, Division of Liver Diseases, Dept of Medicine. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York 10029, USA [3] Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, Barcelona, Catalonia 08010, Spain [4] University of Barcelona, Catalonia 08036, Spain. ; 1] Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA [2] Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25043045" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Bile Duct Neoplasms/enzymology/genetics/*pathology ; Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/enzymology/pathology ; Cell Differentiation/*genetics ; Cell Division/genetics ; Cell Lineage/genetics ; Cholangiocarcinoma/enzymology/genetics/*pathology ; Disease Models, Animal ; Female ; Glutarates/metabolism ; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4/*antagonists & ; inhibitors/biosynthesis/genetics/metabolism ; Hepatocytes/enzymology/metabolism/*pathology ; Humans ; Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/*genetics/metabolism ; Male ; Mice ; Mice, Transgenic ; Mutant Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Mutation/genetics ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Stem Cells/pathology ; ras Proteins/genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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