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Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
We have developed a longitudinal emittance monitor for a 7 MeV proton beam provided by the 433 MHz linac at the Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University. In the present system, the beam first hits a thin gold target on the beam line, and a fraction of the scattered protons comes into a small cavity. After deflected by a rf electric field in the cavity, the protons finally reach a position sensitive detector (PSD). The PSD gives the information of the energy and position of the individual scattered proton, which enables us to reconstruct the longitudinal distribution of the beam before colliding with the target. The phase and energy resolution of the system are estimated to be 13° and 23 keV full width at half-maximum, respectively. The longitudinal rms emittance measured was 0.39±0.07 π deg MeV under the nominal operating condition of the linac. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.
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