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  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0560
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Psoriasis is characterized by immune activation, increased proliferation and abnormal differentiation of keratinocytes. The reported anti-psoriatic mechanisms of action in vivo of vitamin D analogues include reduction of keratinocyte proliferation and induction of keratinocyte terminal differentiation.We investigated whether the anti-psoriatic effect of the natural active vitamin D analogue, calcitriol, applied topically, is due to direct effects on keratinocytes alone or also due to immunoregulatory effects of calcitriol.Psoriasis patients were treated with topical calcitriol (0.005%) and a vehicle control for 8 weeks. Disease activity was assessed by a severity index and quantitative histopathological markers. In vitro studies of lymphocyte proliferation and gamma interferon secretion and of keratinocyte proliferation complemented the clinicohistopathologic studies.A heterogeneous response to calcitriol treatment could be segregated based upon elimination of K-16 keratin expression. Calcitriol treatment decreased keratinocyte proliferation, normalized keratinocyte differentiation and decreased immune activation in plaques.The histologic response to vitamin D treatment of psoriasis includes suppression of both immune and keratinocyte activation in situ. These studies provide a basis for rational combination of anti-psoriatic treatments and for the design of new vitamin D analogues to treat psoriasis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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