Root nodule symbiosis
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Acidic exopolysaccharides and O-antigen containing lipopolysaccharides were isolated from Rhizobium japonicum, R. leguminosarum, R. lupini, R. meliloti, R. phaseoli, cowpea Rhizobium sp. and a non-nodulating soil bacterium. Lectins from seeds of soybean (Glycine max), garden pea (Pisum sativum), lentil (Lens culinaris), alfalfa (Medicago sativa), field bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), jackbean (Canavalia ensiformis) and from wheat germ were tested for their capacity to precipitate rhizobial exopolysaccharides and lipopolysaccharides in the Ouchterlony double diffusion test. Soybean lectin precipitated exclusively with the exopolysaccharide of R. japonicum, whereas the lectins from pea and lentil precipitated exopolysaccharides from all the fast growing strains of Rhizobium. Host range specific interactions between lipopolysaccharides and lectins were observed in the pea/lentil-R. leguminosarum and in the alfalfa-R. meliloti systems. Concanavalin A precipitated the exopolysaccharides of all fast growing strains of Rhizobium, the exopolysaccharide of the cowpea strain and several lipopolysaccharides of different Rhizobium species and thus did not show any correlation between polysaccharide binding and symbiotic specificity. Non-leguminous wheat germ agglutinin did not precipitate any of the rhizobial polysaccharides tested and the lipopolysaccharide of the soil bacterium did not precipitate with any of the lectins examined.
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