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    Abstract: Background: The spectrum of disorders of the brain is large, covering hundreds of disorders that are listed in either the mental or neurological disorder chapters of the established international diagnostic classification systems. These disorders have a high prevalence as well as short- and long-term impairments and disabilities. Therefore they are an emotional, financial and social burden to the patients, their families and their social network. In a 2005 landmark study, we estimated for the first time the annual cost of 12 major groups of disorders of the brain in Europe and gave a conservative estimate of 386 billion for the year 2004. This estimate was limited in scope and conservative due to the lack of sufficiently comprehensive epidemiological and/or economic data on several important diagnostic groups. We are now in a position to substantially improve and revise the 2004 estimates. In the present report we cover 19 major groups of disorders, 7 more than previously, of an increased range of age groups and more cost items. We therefore present much improved cost estimates. Our revised estimates also now include the new EU member states, and hence a population of 514 million people. Aims: To estimate the number of persons with defined disorders of the brain in Europe in 2010, the total cost per person related to each disease in terms of direct and indirect costs, and an estimate of the total cost per disorder and country. Methods: The best available estimates of the prevalence and cost per person for 19 groups of disorders of the brain (covering well over 100 specific disorders) were identified via a systematic review of the published literature. Together with the twelve disorders included in 2004, the following range of mental and neurologic groups of disorders is covered: addictive disorders, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, brain tumor, childhood and adolescent disorders (developmental disorders), dementia, eating disorders, epilepsy, mental retardation, migraine, multiple sclerosis, neuromuscular disorders, Parkinson's disease, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, sleep disorders, somatoform disorders, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. Epidemiologic panels were charged to complete the literature review for each disorder in order to estimate the 12-month prevalence, and health economic panels were charged to estimate best cost-estimates. A cost model was developed to combine the epidemiologic and economic data and estimate the total cost of each disorder in each of 30 European countries (EU27 + Iceland, Norway and Switzerland). The cost model was populated with national statistics from Eurostat to adjust all costs to 2010 values, converting all local currencies to Euro, imputing costs for countries where no data were available, and aggregating country estimates to purchasing power parity adjusted estimates for the total cost of disorders of the brain in Europe 2010. Results: The total cost of disorders of the brain was estimated at (sic)798 billion in 2010. Direct costs constitute the majority of costs (37% direct healthcare costs and 23% direct non-medical costs) whereas the remaining 40% were indirect costs associated with patients production losses. On average, the estimated cost per person with a disorder of the brain in Europe ranged between (sic)285 for headache and (sic)30,000 for neuromuscular disorders. The European per capita cost of disorders of the brain was (sic)1550 on average but varied by country. The cost (in billion (sic)PPP 2010) of the disorders of the brain included in this study was as folows: addiction: (sic)65.7; anxiety disorders: (sic)74.4; brain tumor: (sic)5.2; child/adolescent disorders: (sic)21.3; dementia: (sic)105.2; eating disorders: (sic)0.8; epilepsy: (sic)13.8; headache: (sic)43.5; mental retardation: (sic)43.3; mood disorders: (sic)113.4; multiple sclerosis: (sic)14.6; neuromuscular disorders: (sic)7.7; Parkinson's disease: (sic)13.9; personality disorders: (sic)27.3
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21924589
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  EbM & Individualisierte Medizin; 12. Jahrestagung des Deutschen Netzwerks Evidenzbasierte Medizin; 20110324-20110326; Berlin; DOC11ebm48 /20110323/
    Publication Date: 2011-03-23
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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