Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of augmenting the maxillary alveolar ridge and the lateral aspect of the mandible with onlay autogeneic cortico-cancellous bone grafts that were covered with e-PTFE membranes. The experiment was carried out in 51 rats. In 15 rats, the edentulous maxillary jaw between the incisor and the first molar was augmented by means of an autogeneic ischiac bone graft that was fixed with a gold-coated microimplant. In one side, the graft was covered with an e-PTFE membrane, while the other side, which served as control, was treated without a membrane. In the other 36 rats, the lateral aspect of the mandible was augmented in both sides by means of an autogeneic ischiac bone graft that was fixed with a gold-coated or a titanium microimplant. In one side, the augmented area was covered with an e-PTFE membrane, while the contralateral side was treated without a membrane. Histological analysis at 60, 120 and 180 days after augmentation of the maxilla showed that, in the case of the test sites (where most of the membranes were either exposed or lost), the bone grafts presented extensive resorption and there was a lack of bone continuity between the graft and the recipient site. Similar findings were made at the non-membrane-treated control sides. In the case of augmentation of the mandible with membranes, the bone grafts were not resorbed, but were integrated into newly formed bone at the recipient site. In the control sides, the grafts presented varying degrees of resorption and integration into the recipient bone. It is concluded that, in comparison to bone grafting alone, onlay ischiac bone grafting combined with guided tissue regeneration eliminates the risk of bone graft resorption and ensures integration of the graft into newly formed bone at the recipient site, provided that closure of the operated area can be maintained during healing.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The aim of the present study was to compare the result of maxillary alveolar ridge augmentation by the combined use of mandibular bone grafts and resorbable membranes (Resolut®), with that achieved by the use of the same type of bone graft combined with the placement of e-PTFE membranes (Gore-Tex®). The experiment was carried out in 30 rats. In one side of the maxillary jaw, the edentulous alveolar ridge between the incisor and the first molar was augmented by means of an autogenous mandibular bone graft that was fixed with a titanium microimplant and covered with a resorbable membrane. The contralateral side, serving as control, was treated in the same way, with the difference that an e-PTFE membrane was placed over the bone graft. Histological analysis at 15, 30, 60, 120 and 180 days after surgery demonstrated that, in both test and control sites where the membrane was properly adapted and not exposed, the bone grafts presented no resorption and were integrated into the maxillary bone at the recipient site. In cases where the membrane was exposed, however, the bone grafts presented extensive resorption and lack of continuity between the graft and the recipient bed. At 60–180 days after surgery, the exposure of both types of membrane had frequently led to complete resorption of the grafts, encapsulation of the titanium microimplant by fibrous connective tissue, or exfoliation of the microimplant. It is concluded that alveolar ridge augmentation can be predictably accomplished by combining mandibular bone grafting with the placement of resorbable or non-resorbable membranes according to the GTR principle, provided that the membrane is properly adapted over the graft and complete closure of the treated area is maintained during healing.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: It has been reported that local application of bone grafts or synthetic bone substitutes (filler materials) may favour bone formation when used in combination with guided tissue regeneration (GTR). Therefore, the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of application of chitin beads (a bioabsorbable natural polymer) as a bone substitute in bone formation by GTR. The experiment was carried out in 25 rats. The mandibular ramus was exposed on one side after elevation of a muscle-periosteal flap, and a teflon capsule filled with chitin beads (2.0 mm in diameter) was placed with its opening facing the lateral aspect of the ramus. On the contralateral side of the jaw, serving as control, an empty teflon capsule was placed in the same manner. Groups of 5 animals were sacrificed at 7, 15, 30, 60 and 120 days following capsule placement. Histological analysis demonstrated that the amount of newly formed bone was similar in both experimental and control specimens, amounting to approximately 3% of the central/largest, cross-sectional area created by the capsule at 15 days, and to approximately 9% of this area at 30 days following capsule placement. At 60 and 120 days, however, the amount of newly formed bone observed in the control specimens was twice as large as that observed in the test specimens, amounting to approximately 31% of the cross-sectional area created by the capsule at 60 days, and to approximately 45% at 120 days. It is concluded that, although chitin beads (2.0 mm in diameter) are biocompatible, their presence retards bone formation in the model system used.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine if new cementum and new attachment may form during healing of a wound prepared in such a way that preference is given to periodontal ligament ceils to repopulate the wound area adjacent to a root which has been surgically deprived of its periodontal ligament and cementum layer. The maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular canines in three monkeys were used for experimentation. Following elevation of a mucoperiosteal flap, the buccal and approximal alveolar bone was removed within an area extending from the mid-root level to a level 2 mm apical to the marginal bone crest. Following bone removal, the root surfaces were curetted in order to remove the cementum layer. Notches were prepared in the roots to demarcate the denuded root portion. Prior to repositioning of the tissue flap a millipore filter was placed over the treated area in order to prevent the gingival connective tissue from coming into contact with the root surface during healing. The animals were sacrificed 6 months after surgery. The jaws were removed and histological sections of the experimental teeth and surrounding periodontal tissues were produced.New cementum with inserting collagen fibers was observed on the curetted root surfaces. However, this result of healing did not consistently occur along the entire length of the curetted root portion. In the coronal part of the wound, healing was frequently characterized by connective tissue adhesion to the root surface without signs of cementum formation and fibrous attachment.The results of the experiment suggest that the periodontal ligament cells possess the ability to reestablish connective tissue attachment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1600-0501
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether bone tuberosities produced by GTR on the lateral surface of the mandibular ramus in rats are stable on a long-term basis. Thirty male 6-month-old albino rats of the Wistar strain were used in the study. Tissue flaps were elevated on the lateral aspect of the mandibular ramus. The periosteum was preserved (P+) on one side of the jaw while the bone was denuded (P−) on the other. A rigid, non-porous oval-shaped teflon capsule was placed on both sides with its opening facing the ramus. Six months following surgery, 10 rats were sacrificed and prepared for histology while the remaining 20 rats were subjected to a second operation during which the capsules were removed. Standardized radiographs, taken immediately before and after removal of the capsule and after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, were subjected to planimetric measurements and subtraction radiography. Ten animals were sacrificed and prepared for histological analysis after 6 months following removal of the capsules and the remaining 10 animals after 12 months. Histology revealed that at 6 months after the placement of the capsules, 17 were completely filled with new bone. The remaining 3 capsules which were displaced exhibited only partial bone fill. The radiographic analysis revealed that after 6 months 98.6±7.6%(mean±SD) in average of the cross-sectional area created by the capsules was filled with new bone. Within 3 months after removal of the capsules a slight resorption of the new bone had occurred, thereby reducing the area of the bone tuberosities by 4 to 8%. No further resorption of the bone tuberosities took place from 3 to 12 months. These observations indicating that new bone produced by GTR is stable on a long-term basis, may question the general belief that non-functional bone will resorb over time.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the regenerative potential of the periodontal tissues following tooth reimplantation using a model which excluded the dentogingival epithelium from the process of healing. Maxillary and mandibular incisors, premolars and molars of 5 monkeys were used. Following root filling of all experimental teeth, the teeth were divided into 3 experimental groups. In I group, the teeth were extracted following the elevation of full thickness flaps. The crowns were separated from the roots at the level of the buccal cementoenamel junction and the roots immediately reimplanted into their sockets. The flaps were replaced and sutured to accomplish complete coverage of the roots. In a 2nd group, the teeth were subjected to the same experimental procedure, but in addition, the buccal alveolar bone was removed to about half its original height prior to root reimplantation. The teeth of the 3rd group were subjected to identical experimental procedures as for group II with the addition that the buccal root surfaces were planed to the level of the surgically created bone crest. The animals were sacrificed after 6 months of healing. The jaws were removed and histological specimens prepared for microscopic examination.The results showed that a complete fibrous re-attachment formed onto roots on which the original periodontal ligament tissue was preserved. This occurred irrespective of whether the roots were reimplanted into sockets with normal (group I) or reduced (group II) bone height. When the original periodontal ligament tissue was removed by root planing before reimplantation (group III), healing resulted in a significant amount of new connective tissue attachment. However, coronal to the newly formed fibrous attachment, the root surface frequently showed signs of resorption and particularly so in those roots which remained covered by the soft tissue during the entire course of healing. In the majority of the roots which perforated the covering soft tissue during the early phase of healing, the dentogingival epithelium had migrated apically into contact with the coronally generated fibrous attachment. In these cases, root resorption was never discernible. New bone formation occurred to a variable extent in the roots of groups II-III. No relationship was found, however, between the amount of connective tissue reattachment or new attachment and newly formed alveolar bone, which in turn indicates that bone tissue regrowth and periodontal ligameni regeneration are unrelated phenomena.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The present study was designed to examine whether coronal growth of granulation tissue originating from the periodontal ligament is a prerequisite for new attachment formation.In each of 4 monkeys, 1 central incisor and 2 first molars in the maxilla and the mandible were selected for experimentation. Angular bony defects were surgically produced to the mid-root level around each single root after crown resection and root separation of the multirooted teeth. The periodontal ligament tissue and the root cementum were removed to the bottom of the bony defects. In half the number of the teeth, an elastic ligature was placed tightly around each root at the bottom of the defects (test roots). In the remaining teeth, an elastic ligature was placed loosely around each root at the same level (control roots). All roots were subsequently covered by laterally displaced flaps. After 3 months of healing, the animals were sacrificed and the jaws removed and placed in fixative. Following decalcification, histological sections of the experimental roots and their surrounding periodontal tissues were produced.The histological analysis disclosed that new attachment had former to a level coronal to the elastic ligature in 10 of 14 control roots but in only 1 of 18 test roots. The results indicate that the repopulation of a detached root surface by cells from the periodontal ligament is a prerequisite for new attachment formation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of citric acid treatment on periodontal healing around teeth which were extracted, root planed and then reimplanted. Maxillary incisors and mandibular incisors, premolars and molars of 5 monkeys were used. The teeth were divided into 3 experimental groups. In 1 group, the teeth were extracted and immediately reimplanted into their own sockets. In a 2nd group, the teeth were extracted, root planed to a level corresponding to 50–75% of the root length and then reimplanted. In the 3rd group, periodontal breakdown extending to 50-75% of the root length was first induced by placing orthodontic elastic ligatures around the teeth. They were then extracted and root planed and transplanted into the sockets of the contralateral, periodontally healthy teeth which had just been extracted. Half the number of the teeth of groups 2 and 3 were treated with citric acid before reimplantation or transplantation. The animals were sacrificed after 6 months of healing. The jaws were removed and histological specimens prepared for microscopic examination.With the exception of a limited coronal regrowth of new cementum in the apical part of the planed portion of a few roots, connective tissue attachment failed to reform on most root surfaces deprived of their periodontal ligament tissue. Healing was most frequently characterized by root resorption and ankylosis. These were the most predominant features of healing both on root surfaces which had been deprived of the ligament tissue by mechanical means or during a course of experimentally-induced periodontal disease, and occurred in citric acid as well as non-citric acid treated roots. The findings imply that the result of healing following tooth reimplantation or transplantation is determined by the type of cells that repopulate the wound area adjacent to the denuded root surface.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The present study was designed to examine whether new attachment forms on root surfaces previously exposed to plaque by preventing the oral epithelium and the gingival connective tissue from participating in the process of healing following treatment.4 roots in each of 3 monkeys were used as test units while the roots of contralateral teeth served as controls. A surgical procedure was first used to expose the coronal half of the buccal root surfaces. Plaque was allowed to accumulate on the exposed surfaces for a period of 6 months. Subsequently, soft tissue flaps were raised and the root surfaces were carefully scaled and planed. The crowns of the test and control teeth were resected and the mucosal Haps were repositioned and sutured in such a way that the roots were properly covered. Immediately prior to suturing, membranes (Millipore® filter or Gore-tex® membrane) were placed over the denuded root surfaces of the test teeth in order to prevent granulation tissue from the soft tissue flaps from reaching the roots during healing. The monkeys were sacrificed 3 months later. The jaws were removed and histological sections of test and control roots including their periodontal tissues were produced.New cementum with inserting collagen fibers was observed on the previously exposed surfaces of both test and control roots. However, the test surfaces exhibited considerably more new attachment than the control surfaces, indicating that the placement of the membrane favoured repopulation of the wound area adjacent to the roots by cells originating from the periodontal ligament.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1600-051X
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The present study was designed to examine if alveolar bone, located adjacent to a root surface deprived of its periodontal ligament and cementum layer, can stimulate the reformation of a connective tissue attachment. The maxillary and mandibular incisors in 3 monkeys were extracted. Immediately after tooth extraction, the buccal root surfaces of the incisors from the left side of the jaws were planed by means of curettes to a level corresponding to half the root length. All teeth were then reimplanted into their original sockets. However, before tooth reimplantation, the buccal alveolar bone plate was removed in 2 of the monkeys to a level corresponding to half the depth of the sockets. The animals were sacrificed 6 months after the reimplantation procedure. The jaws were removed and histological sections of the experimental teeth and adjacent periodontal tissues were produced. The sections were analyzed in the microscope and subjected to histometric measurements.The results demonstrated that, irrespective of the presence or absence of alveolar bone, a fibrous reattachment failed to form on that part of the reimplanted teeth which had been deprived of their periodontal ligament. This indicates that alveolar bone located adjacent to a root surface may have limited influence on the biological conditions which determine whether periodontal healing results in connective tissue reattachment or new attachment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...