Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
1,1′-Binaphthyl derivatives 1-5, substituted in the 2- or 2,2′-positions are used in palladium-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reactions. The mono- and bis-borylated coupling components 2, 4 and 5 can easily be prepared and purified, are air-stable and are therefore interesting starting materials for Suzuki coupling reactions with several aryl halides. Thus a variety of new axially-chiral 2- and 2,2′-arylated 1,1′-binaphthyls can be synthesized. Selective monoarylation of 3, 4 and 5 can be performed. Subsequent and stepwise arylation offers general access to unsymmetrically substituted binaphthyls. Moreover, interesting atropisomeric complex molecules, such as 4,4′-bis[2-(1,1′-binaphthyl)]-1,1′-biphenyl (18a), are accessible. Compounds of type 18, which can be obtained by twofold Pd-catalyzed coupling reactions, are of high potential value as ligands or promoters in catalytic, asymmetric processes or as chiral precursor molecules for host-guest interactions.
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