NMR, nuclear magnetic resonance
ROESY, rotating frame Overhauser effect spectroscopy
SEGLx, Gal beta 1-4(Fuc alpha 1-3)Glc beta 1-3Gal beta 1-Cer (a glycosphingolipid from S erinacei)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The novel glycosphingolipid, SEGLx (Gal beta 1-4(Fuc alpha 1-3)Glc beta 1-3Gal beta Cer), which was identified by us (Kawakami Y, et al. (1993) J Biochem 114: 677-83), shows a characteristic spectrum on 1H-NMR analysis, in which the anomeric proton resonances of a reducing end galactose and a glucose are split. To elucidate the structural characteristics of SEGLx, we determined its three-dimensional (3D) structure by means of computer simulation, involving such techniques as molecular mechanics (MM2), the semiempirical molecular orbital method (AM1), molecular dynamics (Amber), and computer 3D modelling. With the hypothesis that all OH group(s) of a ceramide participate in intramolecular hydrogen bonds, two kinds of stable conformers, horizontal and right-angled ones, were formed, depending on the ceramide species. The present findings suggest that the chemical species of both the long chain base and fatty acid moieties, mainly the occurrence of OH group(s), affect the chemical shifts of the anomeric proton resonances not only of the reducing terminal galactose but also the penultimate glucose through the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Computer simulation through theoretical calculation and 3D modelling was shown to be the best means of confirming the results obtained by experimental analysis.
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