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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Using PCR and PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) we have identified gene mutations in 17 Japanese patients with neuropathic Gaucher disease (type 2, 9 cases; type 3, 8 cases). The L444P, F213I, D409H, and 1447 del 20 and 1447 ins TG mutations accounted for eight (type 2, 6; type 3, 2), seven (type 2, 2; type 3, 5), three (type 3), and three (type 2) alleles, respectively. Three alleles were unique. Ten alleles (type 2, 5; type 3, 5) could not be identified. The genotypes, D409H/?, L444P/?, L444P/F213I, and F213I/?, were identified in three, three, two, and two patients, respectively. Six patients had a unique genotype and none of the mutant alleles could be identified in one patient. The data indicate that the genotypes in Japanese patients with neuropathic Gaucher disease are found to be heterogeneous and the genotype prevalence and mutated alleles are unique.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Key words Skeletal dysplasia ; Desbuquois dysplasia ; Mild phenotype ; Siblings ; Diastrophic dysplasia sulphate transporter gene
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract On the basis of three newly observed cases (a pair of siblings and a sporadic case) and one previously reported case, we describe the clinical and radiological phenotype of a skeletal dysplasia resembling Desbuquois dysplasia. The skeletal alterations in the present disorder, including generalized osteopenia, mild modification of the vertebral endplates, epiphyseal flattening of the long bones, broad proximal femora with a spur-like projection of the lesser trochanters (a monkey wrench appearance of the proximal femora), and advanced carpal skeletal age, are almost identical to those of Desbuquois dysplasia. However, postnatal growth failure and minor spondylo-articular problems in the present disorder contrast with the conspicuous prenatal growth failure and severe spondylo-articular deformities of Desbuquois dysplasia. Short stature in the present disorder does not reach the degree of Desbuquois dysplasia. Molecular investigation of one patient excluded abnormalities of the diastrophic dysplasia sulphate transporter gene. Conclusion The combination of skeletal alterations identical to those of Desbuquois dysplasia with milder short stature and spondylo-articular problems in the present patients suggests the nosological proposal of “a mild variant of Desbuquois dysplasia”.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1435-232X
    Keywords: Key words Mosaic variegated aneuploidy ; Microcephaly ; Dandy-Walker malformation ; Wilms tumor ; Premature centromere division
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We report a male infant with multiple congenital anomalies and mosaic variegated aneuploidy; a rare cytogenetic abnormality characterized by mosaicism for several different aneuploidies involving many different chromosomes. He had prenatal-onset growth retardation, microcephaly, dysmorphic face, seizures, hypotonia, feeding difficulty, and developmental delay. In addition, he developed bilateral Wilms tumors. Neuroradiological examination revealed Dandy-Walker malformation and hypoplasia of the cerebral hemisphere and pons. Cytogenetic analysis revealed various multiple numerical aneuploidies in blood lymphocytes, fibroblasts, and bone marrow cells, together with premature centromere division (PCD). Peripheral blood chromosome analysis from his parents also showed PCD, but no aneuploid cells. The clinical phenotype and multiple aneuploidies of the patient may be a consequence of the homozygous PCD trait inherited from his parents. Comparison with previously reported cases of multiple aneuploidy suggests that mosaic variegated aneuploidy with PCD may be a clinically recognizable syndrome with major phenotypes being mental retardation, microcephaly, structural brain anomalies (including Dandy-Walker malformation), and possible cancer predisposition.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-2665
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Utilizing PCR and PCR-SSCP analysis we investigated the prevalence of glucocerebrosidase gene mutations in 47 unrelated Japanese patients with Gaucher disease. Sixty alleles (63.8%) and 20 alleles (21.3%) were identified by analysis for common mutations and PCR-SSCP analysis, respectively. The L444P and F213I mutations were common, accounting for 41 alleles (43.6%) and 14 alleles (14.9%). R496C, D409H, S366G and 1447-1466 del ins TG mutations were identified in 5, 3, 3 and 3 alleles, respectively. The other mutations were unique. In spite of vigorous screening, 14 alleles (14.9%) could not be identified. Four novel mutations were identified by PCR-SSCP analysis: G189V, S366G, K413Q and R433G. These data indicate that besides the L444P mutation no other frequent mutation is present and there is broad heterogeneity of the glucocerebrosidase gene mutations in Japanese patients with Gaucher disease.
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