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    Keywords: INHIBITOR ; human ; MODEL ; MODELS ; SYSTEM ; liver ; ENZYMES ; METABOLISM ; DNA ; LIVER-MICROSOMES ; RAT ; SUDAN-I ; AROMATIC-AMINES ; ASSAY ; mass spectrometry ; MODULATION ; EFFICIENT ; MASS-SPECTROMETRY ; CYTOCHROME-P-450 ; INHIBITORS ; CHEMISTRY ; RE ; SUBSTRATE ; HEMOGLOBIN ADDUCTS ; ENZYME ; MASS ; rodents ; USA ; FREE-RADICALS ; TOBACCO-SPECIFIC NITROSAMINES ; animal ; GENOTOXIC MECHANISM
    Abstract: We investigated the ability of hepatic microsomes from rat and rabbit to metabolize 2-methoxyaniline (o-anisidine), an industrial and environmental pollutant and a bladder carcinogen for rodents. Using HPLC combined with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry, we determined that o-anisidine is oxidized by microsomes of both species to N-(2-methoxyphenyl)hydroxylamine, o-aminophenol, and one additional metabolite, the exact structure of which has not been identified as yet. N-(2-Methoxyphenyl)hydroxylamine is either further oxidized to 2-methoxynitrosobenzene (o-nitrosoanisole) or reduced to parental o-anisidine, which can be oxidized again to produce o-aminophenol. To define the role of microsomal cytochromes P450 (P450) in o-anisidine metabolism, we investigated the modulation of this metabolism by specific inducers and selective inhibitors of these enzymes. The results of the studies suggest that o-anisidine is a promiscuous substrate of P450s of rat and rabbit liver; because P450s of 1A, 2B, 2E, and 3A subfamilies metabolize o-anisidine in hepatic microsomes of both studied species. Using purified enzymes of rat and rabbit (P450s 1A1, 1A2, 2B2, 2B4, 2E1, 2C3, 3A1, and 3A6), reconstituted with NADPH:P450 reductase, the ability of P450s 1A1, 1A2, 2B2, 2B4, 2E1, and 3A6 to metabolize o-anisidine was confirmed. In the reconstituted P450 system, rabbit P450 2E1 was the most efficient enzyme metabolizing o-anisidine. The data demonstrate the participation of different rat and rabbit P450s in o-anisidine metabolism and indicate that both experimental animal species might serve as suitable models to mimic the fate of o-anisidine in human
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 18624415
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