Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of 1-week, low-dose triple therapy with lansoprazole, clarithromycin, and metronidazole (LCM) for the cure of H. pylori infection and to establish the adequate dosage of a new triple therapy for Japanese patients.〈section xml:id="abs1-2"〉〈title type="main"〉Materials and Methods.One hundred four H. pylori–positive Japanese patients were assigned alternatively to one of two groups: one to receive either 30 mg lansoprazole once in the morning, 200 mg clarithromycin twice daily, and 250 mg metronidazole twice daily for 1 week (LCM1; n = 52); the other to receive 30 mg lansoprazole once in the morning, 200 mg clarithromycin twice daily, and 500 mg metronidazole twice daily for 1 week (LCM2; n = 52). H. pylori infection was assessed by smear, culture, and histological assessment (Giemsa stain) performed before and 4 weeks after cessation of the therapy.〈section xml:id="abs1-3"〉〈title type="main"〉Results.The overall cure rates of H. pylori infection were 92.3% (48 of 52; 95% confidence interval (CI), 85% to 100%) in LCM1 and 92.3% (48 of 52; 95% CI, 85% to 100%) in LCM2. The cure rates in the patients without prior treatment were 95.7% (44 of 46; 95% CI, 89%–100%) in LCM1 and 95.7% (45 of 47; 95% CI, 89%–100%) in LCM2. Minor side effects were observed in 7.7% of LCM1 and 9.6% of LCM2, respectively.〈section xml:id="abs1-4"〉〈title type="main"〉Conclusion.The LCM1 regimen consisting of 30 mg lansoprazole once daily, 200 mg clarithromycin twice daily, and 250 mg metronidazole twice daily (the regular doses in ordinary use in Japan) is a highly effective and safe regimen for Japanese patients. LCM1 as a new triple therapy is a promising regimen for the first-line treatment of H. pylori infection in Japanese patients.
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