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  • 1
    Abstract: Disruptions to neuronal mRNA translation are hypothesized to underlie human neurodevelopmental syndromes. Notably, the mRNA translation re-initiation factor DENR is a regulator of eukaryotic translation and cell growth, but its mammalian functions are unknown. Here, we report that Denr influences the migration of murine cerebral cortical neurons in vivo with its binding partner Mcts1, whereas perturbations to Denr impair the long-term positioning, dendritic arborization, and dendritic spine characteristics of postnatal projection neurons. We characterized de novo missense mutations in DENR (p.C37Y and p.P121L) detected in two unrelated human subjects diagnosed with brain developmental disorder to find that each variant impairs the function of DENR in mRNA translation re-initiation and disrupts the migration and terminal branching of cortical neurons in different ways. Thus, our findings link human brain disorders to impaired mRNA translation re-initiation through perturbations in DENR (OMIM: 604550) function in neurons.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 27239039
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-04-13
    Description: Isolated congenital asplenia (ICA) is characterized by the absence of a spleen at birth in individuals with no other developmental defects. The patients are prone to life-threatening bacterial infections. The unbiased analysis of exomes revealed heterozygous mutations in RPSA in 18 patients from eight kindreds, corresponding to more than half the patients and over one-third of the kindreds studied. The clinical penetrance in these kindreds is complete. Expression studies indicated that the mutations carried by the patients-a nonsense mutation, a frameshift duplication, and five different missense mutations-cause autosomal dominant ICA by haploinsufficiency. RPSA encodes ribosomal protein SA, a component of the small subunit of the ribosome. This discovery establishes an essential role for RPSA in human spleen development.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="" target="_blank"〉〈img src="" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Bolze, Alexandre -- Mahlaoui, Nizar -- Byun, Minji -- Turner, Bridget -- Trede, Nikolaus -- Ellis, Steven R -- Abhyankar, Avinash -- Itan, Yuval -- Patin, Etienne -- Brebner, Samuel -- Sackstein, Paul -- Puel, Anne -- Picard, Capucine -- Abel, Laurent -- Quintana-Murci, Lluis -- Faust, Saul N -- Williams, Anthony P -- Baretto, Richard -- Duddridge, Michael -- Kini, Usha -- Pollard, Andrew J -- Gaud, Catherine -- Frange, Pierre -- Orbach, Daniel -- Emile, Jean-Francois -- Stephan, Jean-Louis -- Sorensen, Ricardo -- Plebani, Alessandro -- Hammarstrom, Lennart -- Conley, Mary Ellen -- Selleri, Licia -- Casanova, Jean-Laurent -- 8UL1TR000043/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/ -- R01 HD061403/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- R01HD061403/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- UL1 TR000043/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 May 24;340(6135):976-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1234864. Epub 2013 Apr 11.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉St. Giles Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases, Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: DNA Mutational Analysis ; Genetic Loci ; *Haploinsufficiency ; Heterotaxy Syndrome/*genetics ; Humans ; Mutation ; Pedigree ; Penetrance ; Receptors, Laminin/*genetics ; Ribosomal Proteins/*genetics ; Spleen/*abnormalities/growth & development
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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