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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Plant Science Letters 17 (1980), S. 371-381 
    ISSN: 0304-4211
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Plant Science Letters 24 (1982), S. 261-265 
    ISSN: 0304-4211
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Plant Science Letters 36 (1984), S. 13-18 
    ISSN: 0304-4211
    Keywords: Hordeum vulgare ; antiserum ; inactivation ; nitrate reductase ; rocket immunoelectrophoresis
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Barley ; Genome mapping ; Stripe rust ; Leaf rust ; BYDV ; Resistance Gene Analog Polymorphism ; QTL
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Stripe rust, leaf rust, and Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV) are important diseases of barley (Hordeum vulgare L). Using 94 doubled-haploid lines (DH) from the cross of Shyri x Galena, multiple disease phenotype datasets, and a 99-marker linkage map, we determined the number, genome location, and effects of genes conferring resistance to these diseases. We also mapped Resistance Gene Analog Polymorphism (RGAP) loci, based on degenerate motifs of cloned disease resistance genes, in the same population. Leaf rust resistance was determined by a single gene on chromosome 1 (7H). QTLs on chromosomes 2 (2H), 3 (3H), 5 (1H), and 6 (6H) were the principal determinants of resistance to stripe rust. Two- locus QTL interactions were significant determinants of resistance to this disease. Resistance to the MAV and PAV serotypes of BYDV was determined by coincident QTLs on chromosomes 1 (7H), 4 (4H), and 5 (1H). QTL interactions were not significant for BYDV resistance. The associations of molecular markers with qualitative and quantitative disease resistance loci will be a useful information for marker-assisted selection.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Hordeum vulgare ; Two-rowed ; Six-rowed ; Quality traits ; Quantitative trait loci
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Characterization of the determinants of economically important phenotypes showing complex inheritance should lead to the more effective use of genetic resources. This study was conducted to determine the number, genome location and effects of QTLs determining malting quality in the two North American barley quality standards. Using a doubled-haploid population of 140 lines from the cross of Harrington×Morex, malting quality phenotype data sets from eight environments, and a 107-marker linkage map, QTL analyses were performed using simple interval mapping and simplified composite interval mapping procedures. Seventeen QTLs were associated with seven grain and malting quality traits (percentage of plump kernels, test weight, grain protein percentage, soluble/total protein ratio, α-amylase activity, diastatic power and malt-extract percentage). QTLs for multiple traits were coincident. The loci controlling inflorescence type [vrs1 on chromosome 2(2H) and int-c on chromosome 4(4H)] were coincident with QTLs affecting all traits except malt-extract percentage. The largest effect QTLs, for the percentage of plump kernels, test weight protein percentage, S/T ratio and diastatic power, were coincident with the vrs1 locus. QTL analyses were conducted separately for each sub-population (six-rowed and two-rowed). Eleven new QTLs were detected in the subpopulations. There were significant interactions between the vrs1 and int-c loci for grain-protein percentage and S/T protein ratio. Results suggest that this mating of two different germplasm groups caused a disruption of the balance of traits. Information on the number, position and effects of QTLs determining components of malting quality may be useful for maintaining specific allele configurations that determine target quality profiles.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Brittle rachis ; Weak rachis ; QTL ; Spike density ; Peduncle curvature
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Head shattering in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has two forms; brittle rachis and weak rachis. Brittle rachis is not observed in cultivated barley since all cultivars carry non-brittle alleles at one of the two complementary brittle rachis loci (Btr1;Btr2). Weak rachis causes head shattering in barley cultivars and may be confused with brittle rachis. Brittle rachis has been mapped to the chromosome 3 (3H) short arm while map position(s) of the weak rachis is unknown. Two major and a putative minor QTL for head shattering were mapped using the Steptoe × Morex doubled haploid line population. The largest QTL, designated Hst-3, located on the chromosome 3 (3H) centromeric region, is associated with a major yield QTL. The Steptoe Hst-3 region, when transferred into Morex, resulted in a substantial decrease in head shattering. High-resolution mapping of Hst-3 was achieved using isogenic lines. Brittle rachis was mapped with molecular markers and shown to be located in a different position from that of Hst-3. The second major QTL, designated Hst-2 S, is located on chromosome 2 S. This locus is associated with an environmentally sensitive yield QTL.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Key words Barley ; BAC library ; P-loop genes ; Resistance-gene analog (RGA)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  Modern cultivated barley is an important cereal crop with an estimated genome size of 5000 Mb. To develop the resources for positional cloning and structural genomic analyses in barley, we constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library for the cultivar Morex using the cloning enzyme HindIII. The library contains 313344 clones (816 384-well plates). A random sampling of 504 clones indicated an average insert size of 106 kbp (range=30–195 kbp) and 3.4% empty vectors. Screening the colony filters for chloroplast DNA content indicated an exceptionally low 1.5% contamination with chloroplast DNA. Thus, the library provides 6.3 haploid genome equivalents allowing a 〉99% probability of recovering any specific sequence of interest. High-density filters were gridded robotically using a Genetix Q-BOT in a 4×4 double-spotted array on 22.5-cm2 filters. Each set of 17 filters allows the entire library to be screened with 18432 clones represented per filter. Screening the library with 40 single copy probes identified an average 6.4 clones per probe, with a range of 1–13 clones per probe. A set of resistance-gene analog (RGA) sequences identified 121 RGA-containing BAC clones representing 20 different regions of the genome with an average of 6.1 clones per locus. Additional screening of the library with a P-loop disease resistance primer probe identified 459 positive BAC clones. These data indicate that this library is a valuable resource for structural genomic applications in barley.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Hordeum vulgare ; Mutants ; Nitrate reductase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary NADH-specific and NAD(P)H bispecific nitrate reductases are present in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Wild-type leaves have only the NADH-specific enzyme while mutants with defects in the NADH nitrate reductase structural gene (nar1) have the NAD(P)H bispecific enzyme. A mutant deficient in the NAD(P)H nitrate reductase was isolated in a line (nar1a) deficient in the NADH nitrate reductase structural gene. The double mutant (nar1a;nar7w) lacks NAD(P)H nitrate reductase activity and has xanthine dehydrogenase and nitrite reductase activities similar to nar1a. NAD(P)H nitrate reductase activity in this mutant is controlled by a single codominant gene designated nar7. The nar7 locus appears to be the NAD(P)H nitrate reductase structural gene and is not closely linked to nar1. From segregating progeny of a cross between the wild type and nar1a;nar7w, a line was obtained which has the same NADH nitrate reductase activity as the wild type in both the roots and leaves but lacks NADPH nitrate reductase activity in the roots. This line is assumed to have the genotype Nar1Nar1nar7nar7. Roots of wild type seedlings have both nitrate reductases as shown by differential inactivation of the NADH and NAD(P)H nitrate reductases by a monospecific NADH-nitrate reductase antiserum. Thus, nar7 controls the NAD(P)H nitrate reductase in roots and in leaves of barley.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase ; Hor-deum vulgare ; RFLP-mapping ; Wheat/barley ditelosomic addition lines
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract cDNA probes encoding the barley endosperm ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGP) small subunit (bepsF2), large subunit (bepl10), and leaf AGP large subunit (blpl) were hybridized with barley genomic DNA blots to determine copy number and polymorphism. Probes showing polymorphism were mapped on a barley RFLP map. Probes that were not polymorphic were assigned to chromosome arms using wheat-barley telosomic addition lines. The data suggested the presence of a single-copy gene corresponding to each of the cDNA probes. In addition to the major bands, several weaker cross-hybridizing bands indicated the presence of other, related sequences. The weaker bands were specific to each probe and were not due to cross-hybridization with the other probes examined here. The endosperm AGP small subunit (bepsF2) majorband locus was associated with chromosome 1P and designated Aga1. The endosperm AGP large subunit (bepl10) major-band locus was mapped to chromosome 5M and designated Aga7. The endosperm AGP large-subunit minor bands were not mapped. The leaf AGP large-subunit major band was associated with chromosome 7M and designated Aga5. One of the leaf AGP large-subunit minor bands was mapped to chromosome 5P and designated Aga6. A clone for the wheat endosperm AGP large-subunit (pAga7) hybridized to the same barley genomic DNA bands as the corresponding barley probe indicating a high degree of identity between the two probes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: QTL mapping ; β-Glucan ; β-Glucanase Malt barley ; Hordeum vulgare
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Genetic study of β-glucan content and β-glucanase activity has been facilitated by recent developments in quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis. QTL for barley and malt β-glucan content and for green and finished malt β-glucanase activity were mapped using a 123-point molecular marker linkage map from the cross of Steptoe/Morex. Three QTL for barley β-glucan, 6 QTL for malt β-glucan, 3 QTL for β-glucanase in green malt and 5 QTL for β-glucanase in finished malt were detected by interval mapping procedures. The QTL with the largest effects on barley β-glucan, malt βglucan, green malt β-glucanase and finished malt βglucanase were identified on chromosomes 2,1,4 and 7, respectively. A genome map-based approach allows for dissection of relationships among barley and malt βglucan content, green and finished malt β-glucanase activity, and other malting quality parameters.
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