Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We have initiated a genetic analysis of the physiologically important enzyme type I DNA topoisomerase in mouse. The exon-intron structures of the 5′ part and the 3′ part of the active gene, Top-1, were determined and shown to be quite similar to those of the previously determined human gene TOP1. The active mouse gene was mapped to the distal Chromosome (Chr) 2. In addition, the mouse genome contains one truncated processed topoisomerase-I-related pseudogene (retroposon), Top-1ps, on Chr 16. The Top-1ps locus, together with the immunoglobulin-lambda-light-chain locus, defines and additional conserved linkage group common to murine Chr 16 and human Chr 22, the site of the human pseudogene TOP1P2. The mapping data suggest that the pseudogene was established before mammalian radiation. Structural features, shared by the mouse and the human pseudogene, support this possibility.
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