Gas chromatography, GC
Temperature programmed retention indices
Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Direct conversion of isothermal to temperature programmed indices is not possible. In this work it is shown that linear temperature programmed retention indices can only be calculated from isothermal retention data if the temperature dependence of both the distribution coefficients and the column dead time are taken into account.Procedures are described which allow calculation of retention temperatures and from these, accurate programmed retention indices. Within certain limits the initial oven temperature and programming rate can be chosen freely. The prerequisite for this calculation is the availability of reliable isothermal retention data (retention times, retention factors, relative retention times, or retention indices) at two different temperatures for one column.The use of compiled isothermal retention indices at two different temperatures for the calculation of retention temperatures and thus temperature programmed indices is demonstrated. For the column for which programmed retention indices have to be determined, the isothermal retention times of the n-alkanes and the column dead time as a function of temperature have to be known in addition to the compiled data for a given stationary phase.Once the programmed retention indices have been calculated for a given column the concept allows the calculation of temperature programmed indices for columns with different specifications. The characteristics which can be varied are: column length, column inner diameter, phase-ratio, initial oven temperature, and programming rate.
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