Enteritis—Intestines, diseases—Intestines, infection—Intestines, perforation—Intestines, stenosis or obstruction.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Background: To investigate radiologic and pathological features of intestinal tuberculosis with abdominal complications. Methods: Twenty-two patients with 23 surgically proven complications (nine intestinal obstructions, eight perforations, three fistulae, and three intestinal bleeds) were analyzed. Medical records, radiologic studies, and pathologic examinations were reviewed with special emphasis on searching for the common features in each group of complication. Results: The most important single feature in seven of the nine patients with intestinal obstruction was the presence of stricture. In the remaining two patients, bowel adhesion was a primary cause of obstruction. In eight patients with intestinal perforation, both obstruction and ulcerations in the dilated proximal loop were the important features in six, and multiple deep ulcerations without obstruction was a primary cause in the remaining two. The common features in three patients with fistulae were focal or multiple strictures, severe adhesions, and fibrotic bowel wall. Intestinal bleeding originated from diffuse mucosal ulcerations. The abdominal complications occurred during antituberculous therapy in 10 of the 22 patients. Conclusion: Understanding the radiologic and pathologic features of intestinal tuberculosis with complications help in making an appropriate clinical decision for the treatment strategy. Close observation is necessary, especially in those patients who are acutely ill during antituberculous medical therapy.
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