Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Modified glass fibers, containing unsaturated hydrocarbon surface groups, were prepared by a hydrothermal treatment, with allylglycidylether in excess as reagent. Graft polymerization of the treated glass fiber with styrene and methylmethacrylate was carried out in sealed tubes, under nitrogen, using benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and cumene hydroperoxide (CHPO) as initiators. When BPO was used as the initiator, the grafting efficiency was extremely low, but the graft copolymerization behavior was similar to that of usual organic polymers. With CHPO, both grafting ratio and grafting efficiency were very high. Various properties of composite materials containing grafted glass cloth were studied. Flexural strength, flexural modulus, and interlaminar shear strength increased proportionally to the increase of the grafting ratio; the same values were decreased only in a small extent after the boiling test.
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