Angiogenic factor bFGF
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Purpose Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are known to be acquired disorders. Angiogenic stimulants, such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), may be involved in the evolution of this disorder. We examined the appearance and localization of bFGF, in human dAVF sinuses, versus a control using immunohistochemical techniques, to evaluate these qualitative differences. Patients and methods Four human dural sinuses from dAVF patients, and one control dural sinus were removed at surgery or autopsy and used for this study. Immunohistochemistry for bFGF was performed in all five specimens to identify its appearance and localization. Immunohistochemistry for alpha smooth muscle actin, factor VIII related antigen, and macrophage (CD-68) were done in all tissues to identify the bFGF positive cell types. Results In the control dural sinus, there was negative staining by bFGF immunohistochemistry. However, in all four sinuses of the dAVF patients, smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and meningeal cells were stained positively in various degrees by bFGF immunohistochemistry. Conclusion bFGF may be significant in the development of dAVFs, judging from its strong immunoreactivity in the sinuses of dAVF patients.
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