Key words Aortic impedance – afterload – preload – stroke volume – angiotensin II
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The aim was to examine the influence of the independent increase of aortic wall characteristics from vascular resistance on global left ventricular (LV) function in intact hearts. In 11 anesthetized dogs, aortic stiffness was increased by a constriction of the thoracic aorta using a stiff tube, and then, in nine dogs, total systemic resistance (TSR) was increased by an infusion of angiotensin II. During the above procedures, aortic input impedance and LV dimension were measured. Aortic input impedance spectra revealed the steady increase in the moduli at high frequencies by aortic constriction, indicating the increase in aortic stiffness. At the stage of increased aortic characteristic impedance (Zc) (134% of control) without a change in TSR, both LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD, 99%, p 〈 0.01) and stroke volume (SV, 95%, p 〈 0.01) decreased significantly without a change in LV end-systolic diameter (LVESD). During the increase in TSR produced by angiotensin II (128% of control) without a change in Zc, LVEDD tended to increase and LVESD significantly increased (103%, p 〈 0.01), associated with a decrease in SV (94%, p 〈 0.01). LV systolic mean wall stress was increased by angiotensin II (118%, p 〈 0.01), whereas it was unchanged by aortic constriction. in conclusion, the isolated increase in aortic stiffness without a change in TSR was associated with a reduction in LV preload and SV.
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