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  • 1
    ISSN: 1042-7147
    Keywords: Electron beam lithography ; Photosensitive polyimide ; Solvent-soluble ; Benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) crosslinking ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Solvent-soluble and intrinsically photosensitive polyimides were prepared, and their electron beam reaction was investigated. Negative tone patterns were formed by the electron beam irradiation of PI(BTDA/DEDPM) and PI(BEDA/DEDPM). The mechanism for the pattern formation of PI(BTDA/DEDPM) was determined from transient absorption measurements, changes in the molecular weights, and IR spectrum measurements to be crosslinking via hydrogen abstraction by the triplet excited state benzophenone moiety. For the case of PI(BEDA/DEDPM), the pattern was formed by insolubilization due to chemical change in the polymer. These reactions are found to be so inhomogeneous that insolubilization of the polymer occurs at an early stage of gelation.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1436-2813
    Keywords: constrictive pericarditis ; left ventricular function
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Left ventricular function studies were performed on five patients with constrictive pericarditis. Functional data were obtained from intracardiac pressure measurements and cineangiocardiographic films. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume(LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), ejection fraction (EF), stroke work index (SWI), circumferential fiber shortening, and percent circumferencial shortening were significantly below normal values in the five cases. These changes are reflected mainly in the degree of pericardial restriction. Reduction in mean Vcf was also observed. Theoretically, the velocity of ventricular internal circumferential shortening is also affected by changes in ventricular volume or resting myocardial fiber length, however, in patients with constrictive pericarditis, reduction in mean Vcf suggests left ventricular dysfunction. Our clinical studies indicate that evaluation of mean Vcf is valuable in the assessment of postoperative prognoses.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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