structure-based molecular design
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The characterization of receptor binding sites is an important aspect of molecular docking, molecular recognition, and the structure-based design process. This characterization can take several forms: the receptor surface itself can be delineated or described, the space adjacent to the surface can be chemically mapped, or a negative image of the protein binding region can be generated. In this report, we describe a new method of constructing a negative image through generation of a set of spheres. These spheres lie along the receptor surface, and their centers represent possible ligand atom positions. By the method in which they are constructed, these spheres carry a limited amount of energetic and chemical information in addition to their primary geometric information. We test the accuracy of the image by comparing sphere positions to the positions of bound ligand atoms and propose a figure of merit for such tests. Then, we use the spheres to orient ligands in enzyme active sites and show how they can be used to generate low scoring configurations more efficiently than other approaches that search orientation space. In addition, two novel applications of these spheres are described: they are used to help identify structural differences among families of enzymes and to suggest points for ligand modification in analog design. Proteins 30:321-336, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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