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  • 1
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Sperm-egg interaction ; Glycolipid binding protein ; Capacitation ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Sulfolipid-immobilizing protein 1 (SLIP1) is a germ cell plasma membrane protein that binds specifically to sulfogalactosylglycerolipid, a sulfoglycolipid found preferentially in mammalian male germ cells (Lingwood, Can. J. Biochem. Cell. Biol. 63:1077-1085, 1985b). SLIP1 in mouse and rat sperm exists on the periacrosomal membrane, where sperm initially bind to eggs. Using the in vitro mouse sperm-egg binding assay with in vitro-capacitated sperm, we obtained results previously suggesting that sperm SLIP1 is involved in mouse sperm-zona pellucida interaction. In this study, using the in vitro sperm-egg binding assay, we showed that SLIP1 in uterine sperm was similarly engaged in this process. Involvement of mouse sperm SLIP1 was also shown to be important in the vivo fertilization process. Superovulated females inseminated with caudal epidididymal and vas deferens sperm preexposed to anti-SLIP1 lgG yielded only 20% fertilized zygotes, while 80% fertilization was observed in females inseminated with sperm preincubated with preimmune serum lgG. The lower fertilization rate was not due to changes in the sperm capacitation rate as assessed by chlortetracycline staining. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0148-7280
    Keywords: embryo development ; superovulation ; PMSG ; FSH ; steroids ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Follicular stimulation protocols using pregnant mares' serum gonadotropin (PMSG) or a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) preparation were compared to evaluate the yield and quality of embryos obtained from immature rats. Rats received a superovulatory dose of PMSG (401U), a nonsuperovulatory dose of the same gonadotrophin (4 IU), or a continu ous s.c. infusion over a 72-h period with a purified FSH preparation containing an opti mum ratio of luteinizing hormone (LH): FSH (FSH-hCG). The females were caged with fertile males on the evening of the 3rd day of gonadotropin treatment and scored for the occurrence of mating on the next morning; subgroups were killed on days 1-4 of preg-nancy. High fertilization rates were observed in rats treated with 4 IU PMSG (84.1%) and in rats infused with FSH-hCG (91.0%); however, a much lower fertilization rate was observed following treatment with 40 IU PMSG (41.5%). From median ovulation rates of 9 and 79 in rats treated with 4 IU PMSG and in rats infused with FSH-hCG, medians of 8 and 69 embryos, respectively, were recovered from reproductive tracts flushed on day 4 of pregnancy, from which 75% were morulae or blastocysts; in contrast, from a median ovu lation rate of 42.5, a median of only 12 embryos was recovered on day 3 of pregnancy following superovulation with 40 IU PMSG of which 80% were degenerate ova. Serum steroid profiles during the first 4 days of pregnancy differed significantly among treatment groups, the major differences being in substantially elevated levels of estradiol and andro-gens on days 1-3 in rats receiving the high (40 IU) dose of PMSG. Levels of these steroids in rats superovulated with the FSH-hCG infusion regimen were only marginally elevated above levels observed in rats treated with the low (4 IU) nonsuperovulatory dose of PMSG. Consistent with high ovulation rates, serum progesterone levels rose to considera bly higher levels during the period in both superovulated groups than in animals receiving the low, nonsuperovulatory dose of PMSG. This work describes a novel method to superovulate rate (FSH-hCG) leading to high yields of normally developing embryos at all preimplantation stages and illustrates the close association between high yield of emyryos and low levels of circulating andorgens and estradiol-17β during the preimplantation period.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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