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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-09-28
    Description: "Jake_M," the first rock analyzed by the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer instrument on the Curiosity rover, differs substantially in chemical composition from other known martian igneous rocks: It is alkaline (〉15% normative nepheline) and relatively fractionated. Jake_M is compositionally similar to terrestrial mugearites, a rock type typically found at ocean islands and continental rifts. By analogy with these comparable terrestrial rocks, Jake_M could have been produced by extensive fractional crystallization of a primary alkaline or transitional magma at elevated pressure, with or without elevated water contents. The discovery of Jake_M suggests that alkaline magmas may be more abundant on Mars than on Earth and that Curiosity could encounter even more fractionated alkaline rocks (for example, phonolites and trachytes).〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Stolper, E M -- Baker, M B -- Newcombe, M E -- Schmidt, M E -- Treiman, A H -- Cousin, A -- Dyar, M D -- Fisk, M R -- Gellert, R -- King, P L -- Leshin, L -- Maurice, S -- McLennan, S M -- Minitti, M E -- Perrett, G -- Rowland, S -- Sautter, V -- Wiens, R C -- MSL Science Team -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Sep 27;341(6153):1239463. doi: 10.1126/science.1239463.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. ems@gps.caltech.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24072927" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-09-28
    Description: The ChemCam instrument, which provides insight into martian soil chemistry at the submillimeter scale, identified two principal soil types along the Curiosity rover traverse: a fine-grained mafic type and a locally derived, coarse-grained felsic type. The mafic soil component is representative of widespread martian soils and is similar in composition to the martian dust. It possesses a ubiquitous hydrogen signature in ChemCam spectra, corresponding to the hydration of the amorphous phases found in the soil by the CheMin instrument. This hydration likely accounts for an important fraction of the global hydration of the surface seen by previous orbital measurements. ChemCam analyses did not reveal any significant exchange of water vapor between the regolith and the atmosphere. These observations provide constraints on the nature of the amorphous phases and their hydration.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Meslin, P-Y -- Gasnault, O -- Forni, O -- Schroder, S -- Cousin, A -- Berger, G -- Clegg, S M -- Lasue, J -- Maurice, S -- Sautter, V -- Le Mouelic, S -- Wiens, R C -- Fabre, C -- Goetz, W -- Bish, D -- Mangold, N -- Ehlmann, B -- Lanza, N -- Harri, A-M -- Anderson, R -- Rampe, E -- McConnochie, T H -- Pinet, P -- Blaney, D -- Leveille, R -- Archer, D -- Barraclough, B -- Bender, S -- Blake, D -- Blank, J G -- Bridges, N -- Clark, B C -- DeFlores, L -- Delapp, D -- Dromart, G -- Dyar, M D -- Fisk, M -- Gondet, B -- Grotzinger, J -- Herkenhoff, K -- Johnson, J -- Lacour, J-L -- Langevin, Y -- Leshin, L -- Lewin, E -- Madsen, M B -- Melikechi, N -- Mezzacappa, A -- Mischna, M A -- Moores, J E -- Newsom, H -- Ollila, A -- Perez, R -- Renno, N -- Sirven, J-B -- Tokar, R -- de la Torre, M -- d'Uston, L -- Vaniman, D -- Yingst, A -- MSL Science Team -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Sep 27;341(6153):1238670. doi: 10.1126/science.1238670.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 31028 Toulouse, France. pmeslin@irap.omp.eu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24072924" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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