Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Chlorella sp. strain VJ79 was isolated from a total heterotrophic count of a wastewater collector. It grows autotrophically, heterotrophically, and mixotrophically on a variety of organic substrates. Glucose and serine promote a mixotrophic growth from which the yield is higher than the sum of autotrophic and heterotrophic yields, but serine assimilation requires light. The interaction of glucose and light was studied in proliferating and nonproliferating cells by respirometry (IRGA and Warburg) and growth experiments. Glucose inhibits the photosynthetic CO2 fixation ten-fold and modifies the pigmentary system as it does in heterotrophic cultures. Light inhibits glucose uptake and assimilation, but under mixotrophic conditions maximal utilization of glucose is obtained. Mutants defective in autotrophic growth were isolated by mutagenesis with nitrosoguanidine. They show a degenerated pigmentary system and a mixotrophic growth yield equal to that of the heterotrophic growth. The analysis of the mixotrophic system shows that light energy, dissipated during autotrophic growth, is used under mixotrophic conditions. From the increase in growth, the increase in photosynthetic efficiency can be calculated as ca. sixfold.
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