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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Stomach neoplasms ; Stomach neoplasms, computed tomography ; Stomach neoplasms, calcification
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The computed tomographic (CT) findings of 13 cases of calcified gastric carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. Eleven cases were confirmed as a mucinous adenocarcinoma by surgery (three cases), or endoscopic biopsy (eight cases). Two cases were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma by endoscopic biopsy. In all cases the calcifications were of the punctate or miliary shape and the size varied from 1–3 mm in diameter. The calcifications were located in the thickened gastric wall in all cases, and were seen in metastatic lesions such as lymph nodes and the liver in two cases. In 10 cases, some tumor portions showed lower attenuation number than that of the muscle on CT scans, and corresponded to mucin pool in tumor portions histologically. Twelve cases were in inoperable advanced stage.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Intestine, foreign body ; Bezoar, US diagnosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Three cases of small intestinal phytobezoar, suggested by sonography and later confirmed at surgery, are reported. Sonographic findings of bezoar were intraluminal mass presenting as an arclike surface echo casting clear posterior acoustic shadow within the lumen of the dilated small bowel. Compression of the mass with a transducer induced fluid shift around the mass. We propose that diagnosis of bezoars can be suggested on the basis of sonographic findings.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Abdominal imaging 19 (1994), S. 527-531 
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Stomach, neoplasms ; Stomach, US studies ; Ultrasound, tissue characterization
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Penetration of gastric cancer through the wall is important because the treatment modality and prognosis are accordingly different. A prospective study was performed to assess the value of transabdominal ultrasonography in the differentiation of early gastric cancer limited within the mucosa and submucosa from advanced cancer extending into the muscle layer. Fifteen patients with early gastric cancer and 29 patients with advanced gastric cancer were evaluated preoperatively and compared with histological findings. Patients were referred after endoscopy and sonologists were informed of the site of the gastric lesions. Patients ingested 600–800 ml of boiled water and transabdominal ultrasonography of the gastric lesion was accomplished using a commercially available ultrasound equipment with 5.0 and 3.5 MHz transducers. Using the intact middle hyperechoic layer on sonogram as the criterion for early cancer, 10 of 15 patients with early gastric cancer and 27 of 29 patients with advanced gastric cancer were correctly diagnosed (84%). Fourteen of 15 cases with early gastric cancer showed a thickness of the lesion below 1.0 cm, while seven of 29 cases with advanced cancer showed a thickness 1.0 cm or less. We believe that transabdominal sonography may be a valuable method in the differentiation between early and advanced gastric cancer.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Ampulla of Vater, carcinoma ; Bile ducts, obstruction ; Abdomen, CT and US diagnosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Twenty patients with carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater were studied with sonography (N = 9) or both sonography and CT (N = 11). The tumor was shown by sonography in 16 patients (80%) as a small, round or oval, fairly well delineated mass in between the dilated distal common bile duct and duodenum which was delineated owing to luminal fluid or gas (N = 13); or as a polypoid mass within the dilated distal common bile duct resulting in abrupt obstruction (N = 3). In the remaining four patients, the mass was not delineated. Bile ducts were dilated down to the level of mass or ampullary region in all cases (100%), while the pancreatic duct was dilated in five cases (45%). We believe that sonography is the technique of initial choice in the diagnosis of carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater by identifying the mass at the distal end of the dilated common bile duct and/or pancreatic duct.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1520-5045
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Isoprene has been polymerized in toluene using a cerium(III) acetylacetonate-diethylaluminum chloride catalyst. The microstructure of obtained polyisoprene is predominantly trans-1,4 structure. For this system the effects of water concentration on the conversion of isoprene to polymer, the microstructure and the molecular weight of polyisoprene have been examined. The conversion at a given polymerization time has a maximum at [H2O]/[DEAC] ratio of 1:0-1.1. The amounts of trans-1,4 structure and the viscosity average molecular weights of polyisoprene are nearly independent of the water concentration. Although the conversion increases with the concentration of catalyst, the trans-1,4 content is not affected by the catalyst concentration and the molecular weight of polyisoprene decreases slightly with increasing catalyst concentration.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: dinuclear metallocene ; polysiloxane bridge ; heterogenation ; ethylene polymerization ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The polymerization of ethylene was studied by using a series of polysiloxane-bridged dinuclear zirconocenes [(SiMe2O)nSiMe2(C5H4)2][(C9H7)ZrCl2]2 (7, n = 1; 8, n = 2; 9, n = 3), the corresponding mononuclear zirconocene (C5H5)(C9H7)ZrCl2, 10, and the pentamethylene-bridged dinuclear zirconocene [(CH2)5(C5H4)2][(C9H7)-ZrCl2]2, 13. From the polymerization studies using these catalysts it was found that (i) activities of the polysiloxane dinuclear zirconocenes 7-9 wre lower than that of the corresponding mononuclear zirconocene 10, (ii) molecular weights of polyethylenes produced by the dinuclear metallocenes are greater than that of polyethylene produced by the mononuclear metallocene, (iii) the complex 9 holding the longest bridging ligand exhibited the highest activity but produced a polymer having the smallest molecular weight among the polysiloxane-bridged dinuclear zirconocenes, and (iv) the pentamethylene-bridged dinuclear metallocene 13 showed higher activity than the complexes 7-9 and the mononuclear zirconocene 10. The formation of the lowest molecular weight of polyethylene by 9 was attributed to the influence of electron withdrawal caused by the Lewis acid-base interaction between the acidic aluminum of the cocatalyst and the basic oxygen at the polysiloxane linkage as well as the lack of a steric problem. An increase in steric congestion around the metal center led to not only a decrease in catalytic activity due to preventing facile monomer access to the active site but also an increase in the molecular weight of polyethylenes due to supressing β-H elimination. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem 35: 3717-3728, 1997
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1520-5835
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Based on the polymerization data presented in part I of this series, a kinetic mechanism for the polymerization of butadiene in toluene initiated with nickel(II) stearate-diethyl aluminum chloride was proposed. Expressions for the conversion, the degree of polymerization, and the cis content were derived. Those models were then used to correlate the experimental data from which the rate constants were estimated. A quantitative discussion of various aspects of the polymerization is also presented.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Mg(OEt)2/benzoyl chloride (BC)/TiCl4 catalyst has been prepared by the chemical reaction method, and the chemical composition and X-ray structure of the catalyst were studied. The effect of various conditions on catalyst activity and isospecificity were also examined. With 13C-NMR analysis, it was found that aluminum carbinolate is formed during polymerization by reaction of triethyl aluminum cocatalyst with BC remaining in the prepared catalyst. The formed aluminum carbinolate acts as an additional donor to increase the isotactic index of polypropylene (PP). The morphology of the prepared catalyst and PP was also observed. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
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