Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Abstract Escherichia coli strain HS3, metabolically engineered to have Met–, AHVr, IleL and AECr characteristics, produced 58.0 g/l of l-threonine, but it was neither salt-tolerant nor osmotolerant; and the growth and threonine production of the strain were severely inhibited both by the addition of NaCl with a concentration higher than 2% and by the presence of glucose with a concentration higher than 10%. Therefore, salt-tolerant mutants were isolated. The salt-tolerant mutants, HS454 and HS528 which were derived from strain HS3, were both tolerant to salt (2%) and hyperproductive. The growth and l-threonine production by the mutant strain HS454 were almost unaffected by a glucose concentration lower than 10%, but gradually reduced with increasing glucose concentration, up to 15%. However, the mutant strain HS528 showed slightly enhanced growth and l-threonine production with increasing glucose concentration, up to 10–12.5%. Strains HS454 and HS528 produced 69.8 g/l and 74.0 g/l of l-threonine, respectively in a 5-l jar fermentor.
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