Computed tomography, comparison with IVC
Intravenous cholangiography, comparison with CT
Biliary obstruction, diagnosis
Ultrasound, comparison with IVC and CT
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract With the availability of computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the use of intravenous cholangiography (IVC) has waned. A retrospective study of 69 intravenous cholangiograms performed from 1979 through 1982 assessed the utility of intravenous cholangiography, as well as its effect on patient management, at an institution where CT was highly developed. In no case after normal findings on CT and/or ultrasound examination did IVC make a positive pathologic diagnosis. After abnormal results on CT and/or US examinations, in no case did IVC add to the diagnosis. Finally, after technically suboptimal results of CT and/or US examinations, IVC made only 1 positive pathologic diagnosis. Overall, IVC correctly demonstrated only 5 of 9 cases of common duct stones or strictures. Of the 26 cases with anatomical correlation there were a total of 7 false-positive and -negative IVC examinations. In this series, IVC was rarely useful in the diagnosis of biliary tract disease. Given the high inaccuracy rate of IVC in this study, its use for the exclusion of biliary tract disease is discouraged.
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