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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled lectins were used to study the distribution of specific binding sites in histologic sections of mouse ovaries as well as ovulated ova. Four distinct patterns of reactivity of the components of the follicle (exclusive of the ovum) and the surrounding ovarian stroma were recognized: 1. uniform staining of granulosa cells, theca cells and surrounding stroma; 2. weak to moderate staining of the granulosa cells and strong staining of the theca cells and stromal cells; 3. no reactivity of the granulosa cells coupled with strong reactivity of the theca and stromal cells; 4. no reactivity with any component of thecumulus oophorus. Three lectins (from Triticum vulgare, Arachis hypogaea and Maclura pomifera) distinctly accentuated the basal lamina of thecumulus oophorus. The reaction of lectins with oocytes and zona pellucida revealed six distinct patterns: 1. no reactivity with either structure; 2. weak reactivity with the cytoplasm of the oocyte and no reactivity with the zona pellucida; 3. very strong reactivity with the cytoplasm of the oocyte and no reactivity with the zona pellucida; 4. moderate reactivity with both the oocyte and the zona pellucida; 5. moderate reactivity with the oocyte and very strong reactivity with the zona pellucida; 6. no reactivity with the oocyte and moderate reactivity with the zona pellucida. The same pattern of reactivity was seen in the ovulated ova in the oviduct except for the lectin from Arachis hypogaea, the reactivity of which changed upon ovulation and/or fertilization of the ovum. These data provide a list of lectin markers for distinct components of the mouse ovary.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled lectins were used to study the distribution of specific binding sites in histologic sections of mouse ovaries as well as ovulated ova. Four distinct patterns of reactivity of the components of the follicle (exclusive of the ovum) and the surrounding ovarian stroma were recognized: 1. uniform staining of granulosa cells, theca cells and surrounding stroma; 2. weak to moderate staining of the granulosa cells and strong staining of the theca cells and stromal cells; 3. no reactivity of the granulosa cells coupled with strong reactivity of the theca and stromal cells; 4. no reactivity with any component of thecumulus oophorus. Three lectins (from Triticum vulgare, Arachis hypogaea and Maclura pomifera) distinctly accentuated the basal lamina of thecumulus oophorus. The reaction of lectins with oocytes and zona pellucida revealed six distinct patterns: 1. no reactivity with either structure; 2. weak reactivity with the cytoplasm of the oocyte and no reactivity with the zona pellucida; 3. very strong reactivity with the cytoplasm of the oocyte and no reactivity with the zona pellucida; 4. moderate reactivity with both the oocyte and the zona pellucida; 5. moderate reactivity with the oocyte and very strong reactivity with the zona pellucida; 6. no reactivity with the oocyte and moderate reactivity with the zona pellucida. The same pattern of reactivity was seen in the ovulated ova in the oviduct except for the lectin from Arachis hypogaea, the reactivity of which changed upon ovulation and/or fertilization of the ovum. These data provide a list of lectin markers for distinct components of the mouse ovary.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The binding of 22 fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) conjugated lectins to human proliferative phase and pregnant endometrium was studied histochemically. Only the lectin from Bauhinia purpurea (BPA) reacted exclusively with the epithelial cells. All the others reacted to a certain extent with glandular and/or stromal cells. Lectins from soybean (SBA), and Vicia villosa seeds (VVA) reacted with endometrial glands of pregnancy but not with the glands of the proliferative endometrium. In the proliferative endometrium SBA reacted only with cells of the surface endometrium. Lectin from peanuts (PNA) reacted only with some glands in the proliferative endometrium but was unreactive with others. In pregnant endometrium PNA reacted with all glands. Lectins from lentils (LCA) and red kidney beans (PHA-E and PHA-L) reacted with endometrial glands of the proliferative phase but not with the glands from pregnant endometrium. We thus show that FITC labeled lectins define specific carbohydrate moieties selectively expressed on either proliferative phase or pregnant endometrial glands.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Histochemistry and cell biology 86 (1987), S. 269-273 
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Lectin from Griffonia simplicifolia (GSA-I) and soybean (SBA) are reliable markers for human eosinophils. In this study we have shown that fluorochrome labeled GSA-I and SBA can be used for specific labeling of eosinophils in paraffin embedded tissue sections, in peripheral blood smears and in cell suspensions prepared for flow cytometry. These two lectins are useful diagnostic reagents which could be applied for further characterization of cytoplasmic components selectively found in human eosinophils.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The binding of 20 fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled lectins to various portions of the pregnant and non-pregnant murine oviduct and uterus was studied by fluorescence microscopy. Five lectins (from Ricinus communis (RCA-I), Maclura pomifera (MPA), Triticum vulgare (wheat germ-WGA), Bauhinia purpurea (BPA), and Ulex europeus (UEA-I)) reacted differentially with the epithelium of pregnant as compared with the non-pregnant uterus. The binding of RCA-I, MPA and WGA delineated pregnancy-related changes in the distal oviduct and colliculus tubaris. WGA recognized also pregnancy related changes in the proximal oviduct. The reactivity of the remaining 15 lectins did not distinguish the pregnant and non-pregnant oviduct and uterus, although some of them served to identify specific components of the mouse genital tract. Thus, Soybean lectin (SBA) reacted almost exclusively with the colliculus tubaris. UEA-I alone reacted exclusively with the epithelium of the non-pregnant uterus. RCA-II reacted preferentially with the epithelium of the oviduct and uterus as compared with its weak reactivity with the stroma. Two lectins (from Pisum sativum and Lens culinaris) reacted selectively with stromal cells of the uterus and oviduct. Present data indicate that the differential binding properties of these FITC-labeled lectins can be exploited to identify certain components of the mouse oviduct and uterus and to indicate changes in the cell surface and/or cytoplasm in these structures during pregnancy.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Stretch reflex ; Reflex modulation ; Pursuit tracking ; Wrist ; Human
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract It is well known that during volitional sinusoidal tracking the long-latency reflex modulates in parallel with the volitional EMG activity. In this study, a series of experiments are reported demonstrating several conditions in which an uncoupling of reflex from volitional activity occurs. The paradigm consists of a visually guided task in which the subject tracked a sinusoid with the wrist. The movement was perturbed by constant torque or controlled velocity perturbations at 45° intervals of the tracking phase. Volitional and reflex-evoked EMG and wrist displacement as functions of the tracking phase were recorded. The relationship of both short-latency (30–60 ms) and longer-latency (60–100 ms) reflex components to the volitional EMG was evaluated. In reflex tracking, the peak reflex amplitude occurs at phases of tracking which correspond to a maximum of wrist joint angular velocity in the direction of homonymous muscle shortening and a minimum of wrist compliance. Uncoupling of the reflex and volitional EMG was observed in three situations. First, during passive movement of the wrist through the sinusoidal tracking cycle perturbation-evoked long-latency stretch reflex peak is modulated as for normal, volitional tracking. However, with passive joint movement the volitional EMG modulation is undetectable. Second, a subset of subjects demonstrate a normally modulated and positioned long-latency reflex with a single peak. However, these subjects have distinct bimodal peaks of volitional EMG. Third, the imposition of an anti-elastic load (positive position feedback) shifts the volitional EMG envelope by as much as 180° along the tracking phase when compared with conventional elastic loading. Yet the long-latency reflex peak remains at its usual phase in the tracking cycle, corresponding to the maximal velocity in the direction of muscle shortening. Furthermore, comparison of the results from elastic and anti-elastic loads reveals a dissociation of short- and long-latency reflex activity, with the short-latency reflex shifting with the volitional EMG envelope. Comparable results were also obtained for controlled velocity perturbations used to control for changes in joint compliance. The uncoupling of the reflex and volitional EMG activity in the present series of experiments points to a flexible relationship between reflex and volitional control systems, altered by peripheral input and external load.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Key words Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia ; Kidney ; Child ; Masson’s hemangioma
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a benign vascular lesion which is thought to represent an unusual form of organizing thrombus. A case of IPEH in the kidney of a 7-year-old girl is described. She suffered from intermittent flank pain and gross hematuria for 6 months. On radiological examinations, well-defined hypoechoic lesions were identified in the medullary portion of the left kidney. A well-demarcated, sponge-like mass was noted on gross examination. It was an intravascular mass lined by a fibrous capsule of various thicknesses. It was characterized by papillary fronds lined with benign endothelial cells. This is the first description of a renal IPEH in a child.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    FEBS Letters 353 (1994), S. 312-314 
    ISSN: 0014-5793
    Keywords: Disulphide bond ; Inhibitor active site ; Kunitz type trypsin inhibitor
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We have studied optical and electronic properties of isoelectronic P-implanted GaN films grown by metalorganic chemical vapor phase epitaxy. After rapid thermal annealing, a strong emission band around 430 nm was observed, which is attributed to the recombination of exciton bound to isoelectronic P-hole traps. From the Arrhenius plot, the hole binding energy of ∼180 meV and the exciton localization energy of 28 meV were obtained. According to first-principle total-energy calculations, the implantation process likely introduced NI and P-related defects. By using photoluminescence excitation technique, we found that the P-implantation-induced localized states not only increase the yellow luminescence but also suppress the transitions from the free carriers to deep levels. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Equatorial ionospheric irregularities have been extensively investigated during the past decade by techniques such as rocket and satellite in situ measurements, radar, airglow and propagation effects on transionospheric signals3. It has been shown that the plumes of equatorial irregularities ...
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