Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
Collection
  • 1
    ISSN: 0922-338X
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Gene 105 (1991), S. 249-253 
    ISSN: 0378-1119
    Keywords: Lycopersicon esculentum ; Nicotiana rustica ; recombinant DNA ; tandem repeats ; tobacco ; tomato
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0922-338X
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1433-0350
    Keywords: Key words Arachnoid cyst ; Middle cranial fossa ; Fenestration ; Shunt-independent
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  The best operative intervention for children with arachnoid cysts remains the subject of controversy. Recent reports stress that craniotomy for cyst fenestration is associated with a low incidence of morbidity and mortality and may leave the child shunt-independent. Among a total of 66 intracranial arachnoid cysts operated on in the authors’ department from 1985 to 1997, 44 cases (67%) were located in the middle cranial fossa. A higher incidence in the first decade of life (53 cases) and a marked male predominance (45 cases) were recognized. Headache, cranial deformities, symptoms of raised intracranial pressure, and seizures constituted the most frequent features of the clinical presentation. To determine which treatment provides the greatest benefit with the lowest incidence of complications, the records of the 44 patients with arachnoid cysts in the middle cranial fossa were reviewed. The mean age of these patients was 4.6 years (range 0–16 years). Different types of initial surgical procedures were performed. In 33 patients with middle cranial fossa arachnoid cysts (MCFAC) the initial surgery took the form of craniotomy with excision of the cyst walls and fenestration into the basal cisterns. Shunting procedures were performed in 9 patients: cysto-peritoneal shunts (CPS) were placed in 4 patients and ventriculo-peritoneal shunts (VPS), in 3 patients, and cyst excision was performed in addition to CPS in 2 patients. Excision of the cyst membrane alone without fenestration was performed in 2 patients. The initial treatment was successful in terms of reduced symptoms and decreased cyst size, with no additional treatment needed for the cyst, in 79% (26/33) of patients who had undergone excision of the cyst walls and fenestration into the basal cisterns, compared with 66% (6/9) of patients who had undergone shunting procedures. Cyst membrane excision was not successful in any of the patients who underwent this procedure alone. No significant difference in morbidity was noted between these different treatment options. On follow-up CT scan and MRI, cysts of types I and II (Galassi classification) exhibited a steady tendency to reduction or obliteration. These results confirm that radical excision of the outer and inner membranes of the cyst wall with fenestration into the basal cistern is a safe and effective shunt-independent procedure for MCFAC, especially for those of types I and II.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-5195
    Keywords: Hip ; Replacement arthroplasty ; Tuberculosis ; Charnley prosthesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé Etude rétrospective de 20 malades ayant présenté une tuberculose de la hanche et apparemment guéris. Deux malades qui avaient une histoire clinique plus courte ont été inclus dans cette série. Il est intéressant de noter que l'examen anatomo-pathologique des prélèvements osseux pratiqués lors de l'arthroplastie a montré la présence de lésions tuberculeuses bien que la maladie soit cliniquement quiescente depuis de nombreuses années. Il a paru nécessaire de modifier la technique originale de Charnley. Il convient en outre de pratiquer avant l'opération un bilan radiologique particulier, de mettre en route une chimiothérapie antituberculeuse et d'ajouter de la Kanamycine au ciment. Les complications et les résultats sont rapportés.
    Notes: Summary This report is based upon a retrospective study of a consecutive series of twenty patients who had tuberculosis of the hip in quiescent state. Two patients had only a short history but were included in this study. An interesting feature at the time of operation was that in many cases the bone showed old features of tuberculous disease despite the long history of quiescence. A modification of the Charnley technique is discussed. In addition, details of radiographic assessment before operation, antituberculous drug therapy and the use of Kanamycin in bone cement are given. The complications and results are recorded.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-2218
    Keywords: Key words: Port site tumor recurrence — Port wound tumors — Pneumoperitoneum — Laparoscopy — Splenic tumor model
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: Reports of port site tumor recurrences after laparoscopic-assisted resection of colon tumors have raised concerns about the safety of laparoscopic cancer surgery. Tumor cell suspension studies in animals have implicated the CO2 pneumoperitoneum (pneumo) in the etiology of port tumors. Unfortunately, in several ways, the cell suspension model is unrealistic and does not permit assessment of how tumor cells become liberated from the primary tumor. The purpose of this study was to establish a more realistic splenic tumor model and to determine the relative importance of the CO2 pneumo and excessive surgical manipulation in the development of port site and incisional tumor recurrences. Methods: Splenic tumors were established in female Balb/C mice (n = 134) via a subcapsular injection of 105 C-26 colon adenocarcinoma cells (0.1 ml volume) via a left-flank incision at the initial procedure. Ten days later, the animals were reexplored via a 1-cm left subcostal incision. Those with isolated splenic tumors (95%) were randomized into one of four groups: (a) control, (b) CO2 pneumo, (c) crushed tumor, or (d) crushed tumor with pneumo. Ports were placed in the left lower, right lower, and right upper quadrants of each mouse. In groups 1 and 2, the mice underwent a meticulously performed splenectomy; in groups 3 and 4, the tumor capsule was crushed intraabdominally prior to splenectomy. In groups 1 and 3, the subcostal incision was closed and the ports were removed after 15 min of anesthesia. Following splenectomy, group 2 and group 4 mice underwent closure of the subcostal incision and a 15-min CO2 pneumo (4–6 mm Hg) after which the ports were removed. Twelve days later, the mice were killed and examined for abdominal wall tumor implants. Results: Significantly more animals in group 3 (crushed tumor) developed port site and incisional tumors than those in group 1 (control) (p 〈 0.002 for both comparisons). The same results were found when group 4 (crush plus pneumo) was compared to group 2 (pneumo) (p 〈 0.002 for both comparisons). Regarding the port wounds, when the ports are considered individually (number of ports with tumors/total number of ports for each group), there were significantly more port tumors in the two crush groups than in the noncrush groups. No significant differences were noted when the port site and incisional tumor rates for group 1 (control) and group 2 (pneumo) were compared or when the results for group 2 (crush) and group 4 (crush pneumo) were compared. Conclusions: A splenic tumor model was successfully established. When compared to meticulous technique, purposefully traumatic handling of the splenic tumor before resection resulted in significantly more port wound and incisional tumors. In contrast, the addition of a pneumo after splenectomy did not significantly influence the incidence of port tumors in either the ``good'' or the ``poor'' technique groups. These results suggest that surgical technique plays a larger role in the development of port site tumors than the CO2 pneumoperitoneum.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2218
    Keywords: Key words: Port site tumor recurrence — Port wound tumors — Pneumoperitoneum — Laparoscopy — Splenic tumor model — Cancer
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: The etiology of port site tumor recurrences following laparoscopic surgery for cancer remains unknown. A recent study from our laboratory using a murine splenic tumor model suggests that it is poor surgical technique (i.e., crushing of the tumor) rather than the CO2 pneumoperitoneum that is responsible for these tumors. However, in that experiment, no intraabdominal procedure was carried out. We subsequently performed a preliminary study in which we compared the rate of port site tumor recurrences after laparoscopic-assisted splenectomy (LAS) vs open splenectomy (OS) using the murine splenic tumor model. In this study, we found significantly more port and incisional tumors after laparoscopic splenectomy. The reasons for this finding are unclear. Further analysis of the data showed that the incidence of port tumors in the LAS group decreased dramatically from the first to the second trial, suggesting that the experience of the surgeon may play a role. The purpose of the current study was to carry out further trials to determine if the lower rate of port tumor recurrence in the laparoscopic group will persist with increased surgical experience. Methods: Splenic tumors were established in female Balb/C mice (n= 128) via a subcapsular injection of a 0.1-cc suspension containing 105 C-26 colon adenocarcinoma cells via a left flank incision at the initial procedure. Seven days later, the animals with isolated splenic tumors (95%) were randomized to one of two groups—open splenectomy (OS) or laparoscopic-assisted splenectomy (LAS). Three ports were placed in similar locations in all animals. The OS mice underwent an open splenectomy via a subcostal incision and anesthesia for 20 min. The LAS mice underwent laparoscopic mobilization of the spleen using a three-port technique, followed by an extracorporeal splenectomy via a subcostal incision. Seven days after splenectomy, the mice were killed and inspected for abdominal wall tumor implants. The experiment was carried out in four separate trials. Results: When the results of the four trials were combined, there was no significant difference in the incidence of animals with at least one port tumor recurrence between the OS vs the LAS group (25% vs 35.2%; p= 0.30, power = 0.91). However, the overall incidence of port site tumors (number of ports with tumors/total number of ports for each group) was significantly higher in the laparoscopic-assisted group than in the open group (18.5% vs 9.5%; p= 0.03). It was noted that the incidence of port tumor recurrence (PTR) in the LAS group dropped significantly from the first to the latter three trials (second, third, and fourth trials combined) (36.1% vs 13.5%; p 〈 0.006) while it did not change significantly in the OS group. In the latter three trials, there was no significant difference in the number of animals with PTR between the LAS and the OS group (13.5% vs 9.8%; p= 0.43). Conclusions: Overall, there was no significant difference between the OS and the LAS groups in number of animals with port tumor recurrence or subcostal wound tumor recurrence. However, there were more port tumors in the laparoscopic-assisted group. The reasons for these findings are unclear. The laparoscopic mobilization was quite difficult; it required excessive splenic manipulation, which may have liberated tumor cells from the primary lesion and facilitated port tumor formation. With increased experience, less manipulation was required to complete the mobilization. Of note, the incidence of port tumors in the LAS group decreased significantly from the first to the subsequent three trials; therefore, it is possible that surgical technique is a factor in port tumor formation. The CO2 pneumoperitoneum may also be a factor, but this seems less likely.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0509
    Keywords: Key words: Stomach, MR—Stomach, neoplasm—Stomach, staging
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Background: To evaluate the usefulness of dynamic and delayed magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the T-staging of stomach cancer and to compare the enhancement pattern of the cancerous lesion and the normal wall. Methods: We performed MR imaging in 46 patients with stomach cancer (including four early gastric cancers and 42 advanced gastric cancers). Axial, sagittal, or coronal two-dimensional fast low-angle shot) MR images for the water-distended stomach were obtained with dynamic protocol, including precontrast images and images obtained 30, 60, 90, and 240–300 s after intravenous injection of the 0.1 mM Gd-DTPA/kg solution. We evaluated the thickness, interruption (or not) of the low signal intensity bands, and enhancement pattern of the cancerous wall and normal gastric wall. We prospectively evaluated the depth of cancer invasion, perigastric infiltration (extraserosal invasion), perigastric organ invasion, and regional lymph nodes and determined tumor staging on MR images. These MR evaluations including MR-determined staging were correlated with the surgicopathologic findings. Results: Stomach cancer was shown as having a thickened wall with a rapid enhancing pattern after intravenous Gd-DTPA administration. The mucosa (and/or submucosa) affected by stomach cancer showed an early enhancement pattern (30–90 s after Gd-DTPA administration) in 43 of 46 patients (93%). The normal gastric mucosa demonstrated a delayed peak enhancement pattern (〉90 s after Gd-DTPA administration) in 29 of 46 patients (63%) and variable enhancement pattern in 17 of 46 patients (37%). An interrupted low signal intensity band or highly enhanced tumorous lesion penetrating through the gastric wall was seen in 17 of 19 pT3 patients (90%). Consistency between MR-determined staging and surgicopathologic staging occurred in three of four pT1 tumors (75%), 10 of 13 pT2 tumors (77%), 17 of 19 pT3 tumors (90%), and eight of 10 pT4 tumors (80%); overall accuracy was 83%. Overall accuracy of regional lymph node involvement, as determined by enhanced MR, was 52%; 24 of 46 node groups were positive. Conclusions: Dynamic and delayed MR imaging can be useful for predicting depth of cancer invasion, perigastric infiltration (extraserosal invasion), and perigastric organ invasion by gastric cancer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Space-occupying lesion ; somatosensory evoked potential ; intracranial pressure ; mass effect
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) were studied in cats, suffering from a chronic spaceoccupying lesion produced by enlargement of an epidural balloon over the left sensomotory cortex. Our study shows that latency alterations of SEP are not dependent on the degree of ICP. Additionally, the results obtained demonstrate that chronic space-occupying lesions cause continuous prolongation of SEP latencies, probably produced by atrophy of the compressed tissue. Regarding the clinical importance of SEP measurements, we concluded that they are not suitable for estimating the degree of ICP. However, they are useful to evaluate tissue damage caused by mass effects in the acute and chronic phase of various space-occupying processes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: 78.30 ; 68.55 ; 61.70
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Macroscopic defects of the GaAs surface grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) have been investigated by using a micro-probing method of Raman spectroscopy. Especially, the oval defects, the most common macroscopic defects in MBE GaAs, were focused in this study. In Raman spectroscopy for the oval defect on the (100)GaAs surface, TO phonon mode of the 269 cm−1 peak was observed. This indicates that the oval defects can include the (111) growth direction or the amorphized surface. The TO/LO intensity ratios for the defects are in the range from 0.3 to 1.0. In the sample grown under the condition that the substrate temperature is 580° C with the As/Ga ratio of 20, the density of the oval defects is about 200 cm−2 at a growth thickness of 5 μm. With increasing thickness of the epilayer, the density and the size of the α-tye oval defect increased, while the TO/LO ratio decreased. From the spatial measurement by Raman spectroscopy for the α-type oval defect, it is supposed that the α-type oval defect remains in a rather good crystalline state and its orientation along the (100) growth direction is much closer to the (111) direction, but the growth direction of the defect might tend toward the (100) direction with a thicker layer.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...