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  • 1
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    Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press
    Call number: 08-CHEM
    Keywords: Methanol
    Pages: 236 p. : ill.
    ISBN: 084934610X
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    08-CHEM departmental collection or stack – please contact the library
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Energy & fuels 1 (1987), S. 211-216 
    ISSN: 1520-5029
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Energy & fuels 1 (1987), S. 217-222 
    ISSN: 1520-5029
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1520-5029
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 30 (1984), S. 583-593 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A simple particle model is used to interpret differential thermogravimetric data taken on the gasification of coal/char with CO2, H2 and H2O. The model takes into account the major physical factors which influence the gasification rate, viz., the changing magnitudes of surface area, porosity, activation energy and effective diffusivity during gasification. Specific reaction rate constants based on surface area and activation energies are extracted from the data. Practical criteria for regimes of reaction rate and diffusion control and for particle isothermality are developed. For isothermal particles at low classical Thiele moduli, the data can be correlated with only one parameter, which has a simple physical interpretation.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A kinetic modeling study was conducted for the Ziegler-Natta polymerization of butadiene with cobalt octoate/DEAC/water catalyst. The model equations for the single and dual active site models were analytically solved, and the closed-form expressions for conversion and both number and weight average molecular weights were obtained. The expressions for conversion and number average molecular weight are identical for both models. Also, the expressions of weight average molecular weight are similar for both models, but the expression for the dual active site model includes an additional scalar parameter. The parameter can be regarded as a “correction factor of weight average molecular weight,” which reflects the effect of dual active sites on the polydispersity. Using the expressions, a simple and noniterative kinetic modeling algorithm was established, and the parameter estimates were obtained. The estimated value of the correction factor ranges from 1.2 to 1.5 depending on the experimental data. The modeling results indicate the validity of the dual active site model. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 39 (1990), S. 1783-1791 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Polypropylene-maleic anhydride (PP-MA) graft copolymers were produced from isotactic homopolymer polypropylene (molecular weight 〉 150,000) utilizing the technique of solid phase graft copolymerization. A high degree of graft (about 8-10%) was achieved on 150 mesh (U.S. Standard Sieve) samples using this process. This free-radical-initiated, catalyst-aided grafting process was effective at low temperatures (100-120°C), atmospheric pressure, and low residence times (60 min). The powder was mixed in a low shear, fixed speed, continuous mixer where the ingredients were added in stages to effect the reaction. The interfacial agent was used to etch the polymer to provide sites for the reaction. The powder was removed from the reactor on completion of the reaction. This process can be further applied to graft other reactive monomers on polypropylene (PP).
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 41 (1990), S. 1891-1894 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Solvents or interfacial agents have been used as media to perform various polymerization reactions. The selection of solvents to provide the appropriate medium for the reaction has opened up a totally new area for research. In the present study, three solvents, viz., toluene, decalin, and tetralin, were investigated in the preparation of polypropylene-maleic anhydride copolymers by solid phase graft copolymerization. The graft level was quantitatively determined by wet chemical methods and qualitative confirmations were made by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. It was found that toluene and decalin increased the surface area for reaction by swelling the polymer. The graft level increased with an increase in concentration of toluene and decalin. In the case of tetralin, the graft level decreased as the concentration of the solvent in the reactant mixture increased. It was experimentally observed that unlike toluene and decalin, tetralin did not cause swelling of the polymer at the reaction conditions. Therefore, the surface area available for reaction would be less when tetralin is used. Moreover, since tetralin dissolves the polymer rather than causing it to swell, the contact area for the reaction is further diminished by the formation of a monomolecular layer of solvent insulating the monomer from the polypropylene.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The reaction mechanism and subsequent kinetics for polymerization of butadiene using cobalt-based Ziegler-Natta catalysts have been investigated by many researchers. Kinetic models developed from these investigations can be used to predict the monomer conversion quite accurately; however, it is difficult to develop models that accurately predict the molecular weight as a function of time or conversion. In this paper, an attempt is made to model the reaction mechanism for the polymerization of butadiene using the cobalt octoate/diethyl aluminum chloride/water catalyst system with data taken from the literature. A dual active site mechanism is proposed and incorporated in a kinetic model. In this case, all reaction steps except the formation of byproducts step have two rate constants. The simulation results predict the molecular weight as a function of conversion and time better than results from previously published models.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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